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장소 E6-2(1st fl.), #1323 
일시 Sep. 02(Fri) 2:30 PM 
연사 Dr. Yong-Hyun Kim,Graduate School of Nanoscience and Technology, KAIST 

Nanoscale Thermal Physics: Seebeck Effect and Nanoscale Friction

 

Sep. 02(Fri) 2:30 PM, E6-2(1st fl.), #1323
Dr. Yong-Hyun Kim,Graduate School of Nanoscience and Technology, KAIST

 

Abstract:
Heat, a measure of entropy, is largely perceived to be diffusive and transported incoherently by charge carriers (electrons and holes) and lattice vibrations (phonons) in a material. Because heat can be carried by many different (quasi-)particles, it is generally hard to spatially localize the transport of the thermal energy. Heat transport is thus considered to be a challenging means of the local probing of a material and of its electronic states. Recently, we have shown that coherent electron and heat transport through a point-like contact in the atomic force microscope set-up at the ultra-high vacuum condition produces an atomic Seebeck effect, which represents the novel imaging principle of surface wave functions with atomic resolution. The heat-based scanning Seebeck microscopy clearly contrasts to the vacuum tunneling-based scanning tunneling microscopy, a hitherto golden standard of imaging surface wave functions. We have found that the coherent transmission probabilities of electron and phonon across the tip-sample junction are equally important for the imaging capability of the scanning Seebeck microscope. Very recently, we have reported that abnormally enhanced nanoscale friction on ice-trapped graphene surface could be understood in terms of flexural phonon couplings between graphene and substrate (e.g. mica). Also, we have found that energetic tunneling electrons in scanning tunneling microscopy can cause chemical reactions at the single molecule level by locally exciting phonon modes of molecules (or nanoscale heating) under the tip through the inelastic electron-phonon scattering. In this talk, I will discuss how we theoretically explore nanoscale thermal physics including thermoelectric imaging, nanoscale friction, and single molecule chemical reaction, specifically in the setup of scanning probe microscopy.


Contact: Sung Jae Cho, Physics Dept., (sungjae.cho@kaist.ac.kr)

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66 2018년 9월 7일 (금), 3PM  학술문화관 (E9), 2층 양승택 오디토리움  Prof. Martin Head-Gordon, UC Berkeley  Recent developments in density functional theory: From new functionals to the nature of the chemical bond file
65 2018. 6. 22 10:00am ~ 11:50am  E6-6, Lecture Room 119 (1F)  Prof. Sang Bok Lee, Dept. of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Univ. of Maryland  Success in Research Career file
64 2017/03/21 - 06/08  Seminar Room 1323  조길영 박사(KAIST) 외  Spring 2017: Physics Seminar Serises file
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59 2016/09/29-12/13  E6-2, #1323  Sangyoon Han 외  2016 Fall, Physics Seminar Serises file
58 2016/09/05-12/12 4PM  Natual Scien Bldg.(E6)m #1501  Yeong Kwan Kim 외  Physics Colloquium : 2016 Fall file
57 2016/03/11-06/09  E6-2, 1501 외  박권(KAIS) 외  Physics Seminar Serises : 2016 Spring file
56 2016/03/11 4 PM  E6-2. 1st fl. #1501  Dr. Tae-Hwan KIM (POSTECH)  Jan. Switching handedness of of chiral solitons in Z4 topological insulators
55 2016/03/11 1:30 PM  E6-2. 1st fl. #1501  Dr. Kwon Park  Topological phases of matter in nonequilibrium: Topology of the Wannier-Stark ladder
54 2016/03/07-06/13  E6, 1501  Prof. David Helfman(KAIST) 외  Physics Colloquium : 2016 Spring file
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52 2015/12/11, 3:45PM  E6-2, #1323  Dr. Ji Hun Sim (POSTECH)  Dynamical mean field theory studies on heavy fermion system