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장소 #1323(E6-2 1st fl.) 
일시 Jun 1 (Wed) 4 PM 
연사 Kil-Byoung Chai, Caltech 

Laboratory experiments relevant to mesospheric clouds, Saturn’s rings & astrophysical jets

 

Jun 1 (Wed) 4 PM, #1323(E6-2 1st fl.)
Kil-Byoung Chai, Caltech

 

An rf discharge with liquid nitrogen cooled electrodes and injected water vapor has been used to study nucleation, growth, and dynamics of water-ice grains spontaneously formed in a plasma environment. Examples of water-ice dusty plasmas include polar mesospheric clouds, Saturn’s diffusive rings, and protoplanetary disks. We found that fast grain growth to nonspherical shape with up to 5:1 elongation occurs when the water molecule mean free path exceeds the ice grain screening length. Ice grains grow largest in light gas plasmas, up to 500 µm long in hydrogen plasma. Elongated ice grains align along the plasma ambipolar electric field. Microscope images reveal that the ice grains have fractal nature with 1.7 typical fractal dimension. After the growth process ends, poloidal vortex motion of ice grains is observed and is shown to result from the non-conservative ion drag force.

The Caltech jet experiment produces low beta, high Lundquist number, high density (~1022 m-3) MHD-driven plasma jets and so is similar to astrophysical jets and solar corona loops. We have recently studied various phenomena associated with magnetic reconnection induced by a kink-driven Rayleigh-Taylor instability using comprehensive diagnostics. The results of this study include the following: A spatially localized EUV burst is imaged at the presumed position of fast magnetic reconnection in a plasma jet; the existence of this localized EUV burst indicates strong localized electron heating. Circularly polarized high frequency whistler waves are simultaneously observed indicating that Hall dynamics likely governs the reconnection. Spectroscopic measurement shows simultaneous fast ion heating. We propose that the electron heating is consistent with Ohmic dissipation while the ion heating is consistent with ion trajectories becoming stochastic.

 

번호 일시 장소 연사 제목
공지 2019/09/18 - 12/5  Seminar Room #1323  Prof. David Schuster and etc.  Fall 2019: Physics Seminar Serises
공지 2019/09/02 - 12/09  Seminar Room 1501  이호성 박사 (한국표준과학연구원) and etc.  Fall 2019: Physics Colloquium
164 June 17 (Mon.), 10:30 AM  #1323, E6-2  Dr. See-Hun Yang  Chiral Spintronics file
163 June 14, 2016 (Tue) 3PM  #1323 (E6-2 1st fl.)  Prof. Seungyong Hahn, Florida State University  No-Insulation High Temperature Superconductor Magnet Technology for Compact, Reliable, and Low-Cost High Field DC Magnets
162 June 14 (THU), 10:00 AM  E6-2, 2nd fl. #2502  Prof. Kenji Toyoda  Phonons and polariton-like particles in trapped ions for quantum computation and quantum simulation file
161 Jun. 2 (Fri.), 4:00 PM  #1323 (E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. Sang Wook Kim  Maxwell's demon in quantum wonderland file
160 Jun. 2 (Fri.), 02:30 PM  E6-2. 1st fl. #1323  Dr. Euyheon Hwang(황의헌)  Quasiparticle Interference and Fourier transform scanning tunneling spectroscopy in WTe2 (Weyl semimetal) file
159 Jun. 18 (MON), 10:00 AM  E6-2. 2nd fl. #2502  Dr. Thibault VOGT  Rydberg electromagnetically induced transparency and microwave-to-optical conversion using Rydberg atoms file
158 Jun. 16 (Thu) 4PM  #1323(E6-2, 1st fl.)  Hyochul Kim, Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology  Quantum information processing using quantum dots and photonic crystal cavities
157 Jun. 14 (Tue) 4PM  Seminar Room (#2502, 2nd fl.)  Young-Sik Ra, Université Pierre et Marie Curie  Photonic quantum network based on multimode squeezed vacuums and single-photon subtraction
156 Jun. 1(Wed) 10:30 AM  BK21 Conference Room (#1318, E6-2)  Dr. Noriaki Horiuchi, Editor, Nature Photonics  Welcome to Nature Photonics
155 Jun. 01 (Fri.), 11:00 AM  E6-2. 1st fl. #1323  Dr. Seung Sae Hong  Topological phases in low-dimensional quantum materials file
154 Jun 28, 14:00  E6-2, #1322  Dr. Bongjae Kim, Dr. Sooran Kim, Dr. Jeongwoon Hwang  1st Research-exchange meeting of computational material physics file
153 Jun 24 (Mon) 11:00  E6-2, #1323  Dr. Henning Schomerus  Topological photonic anomalies file
» Jun 1 (Wed) 4 PM  #1323(E6-2 1st fl.)  Kil-Byoung Chai, Caltech  Laboratory experiments relevant to mesospheric clouds, Saturn’s rings & astrophysical jets
151 July. 14 (Fri.), 3:00 PM  #1323 (E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. Jun Hyun Lee / University of Maryland  Chiral anomaly in disordered Weyl semimetals file
150 July 9 (Mon.), 14:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Prof. Cesar A. Hidalgo, MediaLab, MIT  The principles of collective learning file
149 July 8(Mon), 14:00  E6, #1322  T. L. M. Guedes (Univ. of Konstanz)  Ultrabroadband squeezed pulses and their relation to relativity file
148 July 31(Wed.)/ 16:00  E6-2, #1323  Dr. Ivan Borzenets  Features of ballistic superconducting graphene file
147 July 30 (Tue), 4:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Dr. Mingu Kang  Dirac fermions and flat bands in correlated kagome metals file
146 July 27, 2018 at 15:00  Room 5318, KAIST Natural Sciences Lecture Hall(E6).  Dr. Hyejung Kim(Technische University Dresden)  Muon g-2 in the 2HDM and MSSM: comprehensive numerical analysis and absolute maxima file
145 July 26, 2018 at 14:00  Room 5318, KAIST Natural Sciences Lecture Hall(E6).  Manki Kim (Department of Physics, Cornell University)  Inflation in String Theory and Backreaction file