• HOME
  • >
  • 소식
  • >
  • 세미나

Non-reciprocal phase transitions

2022.03.28 11:35

admin 조회 수:305

장소 E6 #1501/zoom, E6 #2502/zoom 
일시 10AM, 29th Mar. / 13:30 PM, 30th Mar. 
Title: Non-reciprocal phase transitions
presenter Dr. RYO HANAI (APCTP) 
Date: 10AM, 29th Mar. E6 #1501/zoom
        13:30 PM, 30th Mar. E6 #2502/zoom

회의 ID: 876 2332 4709

암호: 125958


Phase transitions are ubiquitous in nature. For equilibrium cases, the celebrated Landau theory has provided great success in describing these phenomena on general grounds. Even for nonequilibrium transitions such as optical bistability, flocking transition, and directed percolation, one can often define Landau’s free energy in a phenomenological way to successfully describe the transition at a meanfield level. In such cases, the nonequilibrium effect is present only through the noise-activated spatial-temporal fluctuations that break the fluctuation-dissipation theorem. Here, by generalizing the Ginzburg-Landau theory to be applicable to driven systems, we introduce a novel class of nonequilibrium phase transitions [1-2] and critical phenomena [3] that does not fall into this class. Remarkably, the discovered phase transition is controlled by spectral singularity called the exceptional points that can only occur by breaking the detailed balance and therefore has no equilibrium counterparts. The emergent collective phenomena range from active time (quasi)crystals to exceptional point enforced pattern formation, hysteresis, to anomalous critical phenomena that exhibit anomalously large phase fluctuations (that diverge at d≤4) and enhanced many-body effects (that become relevant at d<8) [3]. The inherent ingredient to these is the non-reciprocal coupling between the collective modes that arise due to the drive and dissipation.

[1]  M. Fruchart*, R. Hanai*, P. B. Littlewood, and V. Vitelli, Non-reciprocal phase transitions. Nature 592, 363 (2021).

[2]  R. Hanai, A. Edelman, Y. Ohashi, and P. B. Littlewood, Non-Hermitian phase transition from a polariton Bose-Einstein condensate to a photon laser. Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 185301 (2019).

[3]  R. Hanai and P. B. Littlewood, Critical fluctuations at a many-body exceptional point. Phys. Rev. Res. 2, 033018 (2020).
번호 일시 장소 연사 제목
공지 Sep.22 2022  E6-1 #1323    2022 가을학기 응집물리 및 광학 세미나 전체 일정
421 2018년 9월 7일 (금), 3PM  학술문화관 (E9), 2층 양승택 오디토리움  Prof. Martin Head-Gordon, UC Berkeley  Recent developments in density functional theory: From new functionals to the nature of the chemical bond file
420 5월 17일(화), 11:00 ~ 12:00  창의학습관(E11), 406호  방준혁 박사(Korea Basic Science Institute, KBSI)  The CERN Resonant WISP Search: Development, Results and Lesson-Learned
419 May. 13 (Fri.), 04:00 PM  자연과학동(E6-2) 1st fl. #1323  Dr. Yosep Kim(Center for Quantum Information, KIST)  High-fidelity iToffoli gate for fixed-frequency superconducting qubits file
418 Nov. 2(Tue) 04:00pm  자연과학동(E6-2) #1323  Sangjin Lee(IBS-CALDES)  Metrology of Band Topology via Resonant Inelastic X-ray Scattering file
417 Dec. 13-14(Wed.-Thu.) 13:30 PM  자연과학동 대형강의실 (1501호)  장기주 교수 외 9명  KAIST-KIAS Joint Workshop in Theoretical Sciences 개최 file
416 5월27일(목) 오후4시  온라인  박소현 박사(CERN) / 이혜성 교수(KAIST)  찾아가는 물리연구 현장(유럽 입자물리학연구소 소개) file
415 August 1, 2018 at 11:00AM  양분순 빌딩 (E16-1) 207호  이대열 교수, 예일대 석좌교수  Future of AI: Is the brain a computer? file
414 May. 13 (Fri.), 02:30 PM  Zoom webinar  Dr. Kun-Rok Jeon(Department of Physics, Chung-Ang University)  Topological Superconducting Spintronics Towards Zero-Power Computing Technologies file
413 Apr. 1(Fri.), 04:00 PM  Zoom webinar  Dr. Kayoung Lee (KAIST)  High-field Electron Transport and Interaction Induced Phenomena in 2D Materials file
412 Sep. 14(Mon) 17:30~  Zoom webinar  Teruo Ono (Kyoto U. Japan)  KAIST Global Forum for Spin and Beyond (Third Forum) file
411 Sep.28. 5:30 pm  Zoom webinar  Burkard Hillebrands (TU Kaiserslautern, Germany)  KAIST Global Forum for Spin and Beyond(Fourth Forum) file
410 Sep. 22nd 9:30 AM  Zoom webinar  Prof. Xu Yi (Univ. of Virginia, USA)  Physics and applications of soliton microcombs(Quantum- & Nano-Photonics) file
409 Aug. 17(Mon), 20:00~  Zoom webinar  Mark D. Stiles (NIST, USA)  Using magnetic tunnel junctions to compute like the brain file
408 Aug, 25(Tue), 20:00~  Zoom webinar  Mark D. Stiles (NIST, USA)  KAIST Global Forum for Spin and Beyond (Second Forum) file
407 Jun 8 (Tue), 10:00 AM  Zoom webinar  Toshihiko Baba (Yokohama National University, Japan)  Photonic crystal devices for sensing file
406 Apr. 19(Mon) 19:00  Zoom webinar  Chia-Ling Chien (Johns Hopkins, USA)  Evidence of Electrical Switching in Antiferromagnets and Coherent Spin Pumping file
405 May. 17(Mon) 17:00  Zoom webinar  Jing Shi (UC Riverside, USA)  Spin current generation and detection in uniaxial antiferromagnets file
404 Dec. 3 (Fri.), 04:00 PM  Zoom webinar  Dr. Hyejin Jang (Seoul National University)  Nonequilibrium Heat Transport in Elemental Metals Probed by an Ultrathin Magnetic Thermometer file
403 Dec. 3 (Fri.), 02:30 PM  Zoom webinar  Dr. Soong-Geun Je(Chonnam National University)  Topological Spin Textures: Skyrmions and Beyond file
402 Apr. 9 (Fri.), 10:00 AM  Zoom webinar  Prof. Marko Loncar (Harvard University, USA)  Integrated Lithium Niobate Photonics file