visual
visual

세미나

  • HOME
  • >
  • 소식
  • >
  • 세미나

KAIST Physics Distinguished Lecture

2015.07.14 10:44

admin 조회 수:2358

날짜 2015-07-16 16:00 
일시 2015/07/16-07/17 
장소 E6-2, 1501 
연사 Sang-Wook Cheong (Rutgers Univ.) 

[Lecture1] Multiferroic vortices: why & how do they form?

 

2015/7/16 (THU) 4PM, Lecture Hall, College of Natural Sciences (1501, E6-2) /자연과학대학 공동강의실

Sang-Wook Cheong

Director, Rutgers Center for Emergent Materials, Rutgers University

 

 

Hexagonal REMnO3 (RE= rare earths) with RE=Ho-Lu, Y, and Sc, is an improper ferroelectric where the size mismatch between RE and Mn induces a trimerization-type structural phase transition, and this structural transition leads to three structural domains, each of which can support two directions of ferroelectric polarization. Six different types of domains in h-REMnO3 meet in cloverleaf arrangements that cycle through all possible configurations, Occurring in pairs, the cloverleafs can be viewed as vortices and antivortices, in which the cycle of domain configurations is reversed. Vortices and antivortices are topological defects: even in a strong electric field they won’t annihilate. These ferroelectric vortices/antivortices are found to be associated with intriguing collective magnetism at domain walls, reflecting the multiferroic nature of vortices.

 

The formation of these multiferroic vortices turns out to be analogous to the formation of cosmic strings right after big bag and also the unbinding of vortex loops in superfluid transition. We will discuss the exact nature of this proliferation process of multiferroic vortices.

 

 

[Lecture2] Hybrid Improper Ferroelectrics: Z4xZ2 domains with Z3 vortices

 

2015/7/17 (FRI) 11AM, Lecture Hall, College of Natural Sciences (1501, E6-2) / 자연과학대학 공동강의실

Sang-Wook Cheong

Director, Rutgers Center for Emergent Materials, Rutgers University

 

 

Utilizing trilinear coupling of two types of octahedron rotations, hybrid improper ferroelectricity has been theoretically predicted in double layered compounds such as (Ca,Sr,Ba)3(Mn,Ti,Sn,Zr,Ge)2O7. On the other hand, there exists little theoretical prediction on practical properties of the potentially-ferroelectric compounds such as ferroelectric transition temperature, switchability of polarization, and chemical phase stability. We have attempted to fabricate single crystals of some of these compounds, and examined the physical properties of the crystals with the aim of discovering new bulk ferroelectrics with switchable polarization at room temperature. We will discuss the results of our comprehensive experimental investigation.

Ordering of charge/spin/orbital degrees of freedom in complex materials accompanies domains and domain walls associated with the directional variants (Zm) and also antiphases (Zn). In hybrid improper ferroelectric (Ca,Sr,Ba)3(Mn,Ti,Sn,Zr,Ge)2O7, four directional variants with different polarization directions can exist, and each polarization domain has two degenerate antiphases. It turns out that the hybrid improper ferroelectrics tend to exhibit a Z4xZ2 domain structure with Z3 vortices. This can be compared with the Z2xZ3 domain structure with Z6 vortices in hexagonal REMnO3.

 

 

Host: Department of Physics, KAIST
Contact: Prof. Chan-Ho Yang (Ext.2513)

번호 날짜 장소 제목
공지 2022-11-25 11:00  E6-2 #1323  [Update 세미나영상](응집물리 세미나) DMFT+ NRG: From models to real materials, from local to nonlocal correlations
208 2022-11-11 11:00  E6-2 #1323  [Update 세미나영상] (응집물리 세미나) Honeycomb oxide heterostructures for quantum spin liquid file
207 2022-10-28 11:00  E6-2 #1323  [Update 세미나영상] (응집물리 세미나) Machine-Learning-Guided Prediction models and Materials discovery for high Tc cuprates file
206 2022-10-07 11:00  E6-2 #1323  [Update 세미나 영상] (응집물리 세미나) Competing orders in a vanadium-based kagome metal monolayer file
205 2022-09-23 11:00  E6-2 #1323  [Update 세미나 영상] (응집물리 세미나) Steady Floquet-Andreev states in graphene Josephson junctions file
204 2022-06-03 11:00  E6-2 #1323  (응집물리 세미나) Theoretical Investigation of Exotic Quantum States in Low-dimensional Materials
203 2020-10-23 14:00  E6-2 #1323  Plasmon spectroscopy of low-dimensional superconductors in fluctuating regime file
202 2017-10-10 16:00  E6-2 #1323  Discovery of New 2D Materials with Diverse Physical Properties
201 2022-12-13 11:00  E6-2 #1322  Art of thin film engineering toward topological quantum computation file
200 2018-12-26 16:00  E6-1. 3rd fl. #3434  Informal Workshop on Topology and Correlation file
199 2018-10-24 10:30  E6-1, Lecture Room 1501(1F)  Photonic integration of next-generation clocks and Hertz-absolute-accuarcy optical frequenncy synthesizers file
198 2022-09-21 10:30  E6-1 #1501  [Update 세미나 영상] Distinguished Lecture 'The Magic of Moiré Quantum Matter' Prof. Pablo Jarillo-Herrero(Department of Physics, MIT) file
197 2022-09-22 11:00  E6-1 #1323  2022 가을학기 응집물리 및 광학 세미나 전체 일정 file
196 2022-08-18 10:00  E6-1 #1323  Disorder-driven phase transition in the second-order non-Hermitian skin effect
195 2022-08-12 10:00  E6-1 #1323  Twisted Bilayer Magnets file
194 2022-08-12 10:00  E6-1 #1323  Twisted Bilayer Magnets file
193 2022-05-20 11:00  E6-1 #1323  (응집물리 세미나) Exploration of new polymorphs in van der Waals crystals
192 2022-04-08 11:00  E6-1 #1323  (응집물리 세미나) Flat-surface-assisted physical phenomena occurring in single crystal metal thin film file
191 2022-03-25 11:00  E6-1 #1323  (응집물리 세미나) Hund's metallicity in ruthenate systems file
190 2014-12-22 14:00  E6, Rm1319  Dynamics of molecular motors: Power stroke vs Brownian ratchet file
189 2016-03-07 16:00  E6, 1501  Physics Colloquium : 2016 Spring file