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날짜 2016-06-01 16:00 
일시 Jun 1 (Wed) 4 PM 
장소 #1323(E6-2 1st fl.) 
연사 Kil-Byoung Chai, Caltech 

Laboratory experiments relevant to mesospheric clouds, Saturn’s rings & astrophysical jets

 

Jun 1 (Wed) 4 PM, #1323(E6-2 1st fl.)
Kil-Byoung Chai, Caltech

 

An rf discharge with liquid nitrogen cooled electrodes and injected water vapor has been used to study nucleation, growth, and dynamics of water-ice grains spontaneously formed in a plasma environment. Examples of water-ice dusty plasmas include polar mesospheric clouds, Saturn’s diffusive rings, and protoplanetary disks. We found that fast grain growth to nonspherical shape with up to 5:1 elongation occurs when the water molecule mean free path exceeds the ice grain screening length. Ice grains grow largest in light gas plasmas, up to 500 µm long in hydrogen plasma. Elongated ice grains align along the plasma ambipolar electric field. Microscope images reveal that the ice grains have fractal nature with 1.7 typical fractal dimension. After the growth process ends, poloidal vortex motion of ice grains is observed and is shown to result from the non-conservative ion drag force.

The Caltech jet experiment produces low beta, high Lundquist number, high density (~1022 m-3) MHD-driven plasma jets and so is similar to astrophysical jets and solar corona loops. We have recently studied various phenomena associated with magnetic reconnection induced by a kink-driven Rayleigh-Taylor instability using comprehensive diagnostics. The results of this study include the following: A spatially localized EUV burst is imaged at the presumed position of fast magnetic reconnection in a plasma jet; the existence of this localized EUV burst indicates strong localized electron heating. Circularly polarized high frequency whistler waves are simultaneously observed indicating that Hall dynamics likely governs the reconnection. Spectroscopic measurement shows simultaneous fast ion heating. We propose that the electron heating is consistent with Ohmic dissipation while the ion heating is consistent with ion trajectories becoming stochastic.

 

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253 2018-10-15 16:00  #1323, E6-2  Universal properties of macroscopic current-carrying systems file
252 2018-10-16 10:00  #1323, E6-2  Capturing protein cluster dynamics and gene expression output in live cells file
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247 2018-10-25 16:00  #1323, E6-2  Abelian and non-Abelian dark photons file
246 2018-10-26 16:00  #1323, E6-2  Coexisting triple-point and nodal-line topological magnons and thermal Hall effect in pyrochlore iridates file
245 2018-11-01 16:00  #1323, E6-2  Direct holography from a single snapshot file
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243 2018-11-09 14:30  E6-2. 1st fl. #1323  Moiré superlattices – from twisted bilayer graphene to quasicrystal file
242 2018-11-09 16:00  E6-2. 1st fl. #1323  Quantum sensing and imaging with diamond defect centers for nano-scale spin physics file
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