visual
visual

세미나

  • HOME
  • >
  • 소식
  • >
  • 세미나

KAIST Physics Distinguished Lecture

2015.07.14 10:44

admin 조회 수:1494

장소 E6-2, 1501 
일시 2015/07/16-07/17 
연사 Sang-Wook Cheong (Rutgers Univ.) 

[Lecture1] Multiferroic vortices: why & how do they form?

 

2015/7/16 (THU) 4PM, Lecture Hall, College of Natural Sciences (1501, E6-2) /자연과학대학 공동강의실

Sang-Wook Cheong

Director, Rutgers Center for Emergent Materials, Rutgers University

 

 

Hexagonal REMnO3 (RE= rare earths) with RE=Ho-Lu, Y, and Sc, is an improper ferroelectric where the size mismatch between RE and Mn induces a trimerization-type structural phase transition, and this structural transition leads to three structural domains, each of which can support two directions of ferroelectric polarization. Six different types of domains in h-REMnO3 meet in cloverleaf arrangements that cycle through all possible configurations, Occurring in pairs, the cloverleafs can be viewed as vortices and antivortices, in which the cycle of domain configurations is reversed. Vortices and antivortices are topological defects: even in a strong electric field they won’t annihilate. These ferroelectric vortices/antivortices are found to be associated with intriguing collective magnetism at domain walls, reflecting the multiferroic nature of vortices.

 

The formation of these multiferroic vortices turns out to be analogous to the formation of cosmic strings right after big bag and also the unbinding of vortex loops in superfluid transition. We will discuss the exact nature of this proliferation process of multiferroic vortices.

 

 

[Lecture2] Hybrid Improper Ferroelectrics: Z4xZ2 domains with Z3 vortices

 

2015/7/17 (FRI) 11AM, Lecture Hall, College of Natural Sciences (1501, E6-2) / 자연과학대학 공동강의실

Sang-Wook Cheong

Director, Rutgers Center for Emergent Materials, Rutgers University

 

 

Utilizing trilinear coupling of two types of octahedron rotations, hybrid improper ferroelectricity has been theoretically predicted in double layered compounds such as (Ca,Sr,Ba)3(Mn,Ti,Sn,Zr,Ge)2O7. On the other hand, there exists little theoretical prediction on practical properties of the potentially-ferroelectric compounds such as ferroelectric transition temperature, switchability of polarization, and chemical phase stability. We have attempted to fabricate single crystals of some of these compounds, and examined the physical properties of the crystals with the aim of discovering new bulk ferroelectrics with switchable polarization at room temperature. We will discuss the results of our comprehensive experimental investigation.

Ordering of charge/spin/orbital degrees of freedom in complex materials accompanies domains and domain walls associated with the directional variants (Zm) and also antiphases (Zn). In hybrid improper ferroelectric (Ca,Sr,Ba)3(Mn,Ti,Sn,Zr,Ge)2O7, four directional variants with different polarization directions can exist, and each polarization domain has two degenerate antiphases. It turns out that the hybrid improper ferroelectrics tend to exhibit a Z4xZ2 domain structure with Z3 vortices. This can be compared with the Z2xZ3 domain structure with Z6 vortices in hexagonal REMnO3.

 

 

Host: Department of Physics, KAIST
Contact: Prof. Chan-Ho Yang (Ext.2513)

번호 일시 장소 연사 제목
공지 2019/09/18 - 12/5  Seminar Room #1323  Prof. David Schuster and etc.  Fall 2019: Physics Seminar Serises
공지 2019/09/02 - 12/09  Seminar Room 1501  이호성 박사 (한국표준과학연구원) and etc.  Fall 2019: Physics Colloquium
121 2015/12/11, 3:45PM  E6-2, #1323  Dr. Ji Hun Sim (POSTECH)  Dynamical mean field theory studies on heavy fermion system
120 2016/1/11, 4PM  E6-2, #1323  Dr. B.J.Kim (Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research)  Mott Physics in the Strong Spin-Orbit Coupling Regime
119 2016/1/26, 2PM  E6-2, #1323  Dr. Sergei V. Kalinin (Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory)  Electrochemistry on Nano- and Atomic Levels: Scanning Probe Microscopy Meets Deep Data
118 2016/09/29-12/13  E6-2, #1323  Sangyoon Han 외  2016 Fall, Physics Seminar Serises file
117 Jun 24 (Mon) 11:00  E6-2, #1323  Dr. Henning Schomerus  Topological photonic anomalies file
116 July 25(Thur.),4:00PM  E6-2, #1323  Prof.Bohm-Jung Yang  Band topology of twisted bilayer graphene file
115 July 31(Wed.)/ 16:00  E6-2, #1323  Dr. Ivan Borzenets  Features of ballistic superconducting graphene file
114 2015/08/03,10:30AM  E6-2, #1323 (Seminar Room)  Dr. Jonghee Yoo (Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, USA )  Axion Search
113 2015/10/23, 3PM  E6-2, #5318  Dr. Helmut Soltner (Forschungszentrum Juelich)  Development of a Rogowski Coil as a new beam position monitor
112 2015/11/06, 4:30 PM  E6-2, #5318  Dr. Youngkuk Kim (University of Pennsylvania)  Topological Dirac line nodes in centrosymmetric semimetals
111 2015/07/16, 4PM  E6-2, 1318  Dr. Kyunghan Hong(MIT)  Next-generation ultrafast laser technology for nonlinear optics and strong-field physics
» 2015/07/16-07/17  E6-2, 1501  Sang-Wook Cheong (Rutgers Univ.)  KAIST Physics Distinguished Lecture
109 2016/03/11-06/09  E6-2, 1501 외  박권(KAIS) 외  Physics Seminar Serises : 2016 Spring file
108 Jul 3rd, 2019 (Wed)  E6-2, 2501  Kyung Soo Choi  Many-body quantum electrodynamis (QED) with atoms and photons: A new platform for quantum optics" file
107 June 14 (THU), 10:00 AM  E6-2, 2nd fl. #2502  Prof. Kenji Toyoda  Phonons and polariton-like particles in trapped ions for quantum computation and quantum simulation file
106 2015/10/15, 10AM  E6-2, 5th fl. #5318  Dr. Mark D. Bird (Florida State University)  Development of Large-Bore, High Field Magnets at the NHMFL
105 2015/10/16, 3PM  E6-2, 5th fl. #5318  Dr. Pierre Pugnat , (CNRS-LNCMI)  High Magnetic Fields to Probe the sub-eV range of Particle/Astroparticle Physics - From the OSQAR experiments at CERN up to new perspectives at LNCMI-Grenoble
104 Dec. 15 (Fri.), 9:20 AM  E6-2, Lecture Room #1323  Prof. Jhinhwan Lee 외 9명  Workshop on Magnetism in Unconventional Superconductors 개최 file
103 April 6, 2016 (Wed), 3:30 PM  E6-2, RM #1323  Dr. Andrei Matlashov (Los Alamos National Laboratory)  Superconducting Quantum Interference Devices for Precision Detection
102 July 21 - August 2  E6-2,# 5318  Junmou Chen/Thomas Flacke/Kaoru Hagiwara/Junichi Kanzaki/Chris Kelso/Jeong Han Kim/Kyoungchul Kong/Gabriel Lee/Hye-Sung Lee/Ian Lewis  Challenges and Opportunities in Theoretical Particle Physics 2019 file