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장소 E6-2(1st fl.), #1323 
일시 Sep. 02(Fri) 2:30 PM 
연사 Dr. Yong-Hyun Kim,Graduate School of Nanoscience and Technology, KAIST 

Nanoscale Thermal Physics: Seebeck Effect and Nanoscale Friction

 

Sep. 02(Fri) 2:30 PM, E6-2(1st fl.), #1323
Dr. Yong-Hyun Kim,Graduate School of Nanoscience and Technology, KAIST

 

Abstract:
Heat, a measure of entropy, is largely perceived to be diffusive and transported incoherently by charge carriers (electrons and holes) and lattice vibrations (phonons) in a material. Because heat can be carried by many different (quasi-)particles, it is generally hard to spatially localize the transport of the thermal energy. Heat transport is thus considered to be a challenging means of the local probing of a material and of its electronic states. Recently, we have shown that coherent electron and heat transport through a point-like contact in the atomic force microscope set-up at the ultra-high vacuum condition produces an atomic Seebeck effect, which represents the novel imaging principle of surface wave functions with atomic resolution. The heat-based scanning Seebeck microscopy clearly contrasts to the vacuum tunneling-based scanning tunneling microscopy, a hitherto golden standard of imaging surface wave functions. We have found that the coherent transmission probabilities of electron and phonon across the tip-sample junction are equally important for the imaging capability of the scanning Seebeck microscope. Very recently, we have reported that abnormally enhanced nanoscale friction on ice-trapped graphene surface could be understood in terms of flexural phonon couplings between graphene and substrate (e.g. mica). Also, we have found that energetic tunneling electrons in scanning tunneling microscopy can cause chemical reactions at the single molecule level by locally exciting phonon modes of molecules (or nanoscale heating) under the tip through the inelastic electron-phonon scattering. In this talk, I will discuss how we theoretically explore nanoscale thermal physics including thermoelectric imaging, nanoscale friction, and single molecule chemical reaction, specifically in the setup of scanning probe microscopy.


Contact: Sung Jae Cho, Physics Dept., (sungjae.cho@kaist.ac.kr)

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165 August. 16th (Fri), 14:00  E6 Room(#1323)  Jinxing Zhang  Multiferroic and Magnetoelectric Effects by Tailoring Interfacial Chemistry and Physics in Correlated Oxides file
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160 2009/02/23-05/04  E6, 1501  안종현교수(성균관대) 외  Physics Colloquium : 2009 Spring file
159 2009/09/07-11/30  E6, 1501  이주영박사(KIAS) 외  Physics Colloquium : 2009 Fall file
158 2009/10/21, 4PM  E6, 1501  최석봉교수(서울대)  Interdimensional Universality of Dynamic Interfaces
157 2010/02/08-05/03  E6, 1501  최인수교수(서울대) 외  Physics Ciolloquium : 2010 Spring file
156 2010/09/06-12/06  E6, 1501  조호진기자(조선일보) 외  Physics Colloquium : 2010 Fall file
155 2010/02/14-05/09  E6, 1501  황철주(주성엔지니어링 사장) 외  Physics Colloquium - 2011 Spring file