visual
visual

세미나

  • HOME
  • >
  • 소식
  • >
  • 세미나
장소 #5318(E6-2. 5th fl.) 
일시 AUG. 31 (Thu.), 2 PM 
연사 Prof. Hiroaki Ishizuka (The University of Tokyo) 

“Berry phase and nonlinear response: photocurrent in noncentrosymmetric insulators and Weyl semimetals”

Prof. Hiroaki Ishizuka (The University of Tokyo)

AUG. 31 (Thu.), 2 PM / #5318(E6-2. 5th fl.)

 

Berry phase is one of the important keywords to understand non-trivial quantum effects. In condensed matter physics, the Berry phase often shows up in transport phenomena (e.g., quantum and anomalous Hall effects) and is considered as a keyword to understand topological properties of non-interacting fermion systems. While most of such studies have focused on the equilibrium states or linear responses in close to the equilibrium, a recent study on the photogalvanic effects have pointed out the relation between the Berry phase and photogalvanic effects in noncentrosymmetric insulators where inter-band transitions take an essential role [1-3]; it is named shift current as it is related to the shift of the Wannier function. So far, however, no observable consequences that distinguish this phenomenon from the conventional mechanism is known. In this talk, we theoretically explored the basic properties of shift current focusing on the distinction between the conventional and shift current mechanisms. 

To theoretically study the photocurrent, we employed a Keldysh Green’s function formalism combined with Floquet theory. Using a large size numerical calculation, we study how the photocurrent changes by the local excitation, i.e., when only a part of the system is irradiated by the light. We show that, for the shift current, the magnitude of the current does not depend on the position of the light [4]. This is in contrast to the conventional mechanism, where the photocurrent is expected to be larger at the edge of the sample while it is suppressed when the light is at the center. Such behavior is consistent with the photocurrent recently observed in a noncentrosymmetric organic solid [5].

In the latter half of the talk, we discuss the effect of Berry phase on the photocurrent in Weyl semimetals [6,7]. We show that the Berry phase associated with the Weyl nodes induce a similar phenomenon to the adiabatic pump, resulting in a dissipation-less photocurrent. We find that the photocurrent appears only with the circularly polarized lights. This mechanism may potentially explain the photocurrent observed in TaAs [8].

 

[1] W. Kraut and R. von Blatz, Phys. Rev. B 19, 1548 (1979); ibid. 23, 5590 (1981). 

[2] J. E. Sipe and A. I. Shkrebtii, Phys. Rev. B 61, 5337 (2000).

[3] T. Morimoto and N. Nagaosa, Science Adv. 2, e1501524 (2016).

[4] H. Ishizuka and N. Nagaosa, New J. Phys. 19, 033015 (2017).

[5] M. Nakamura, et al., Nature Commun. 8, 281 (2017).

[6] H. Ishizuka et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 216601 (2016).

[7] H. Ishizuka et al., Phys. Rev. B 95, 245211 (2017).

[8] Q. Ma et al., preprint (arXiv: 1705.00690).

 

Contact: Eun Gook Moon, Physics Dept., (egmoon@kaist.ac.kr)

20170831_Hiroaki Ishizuka.pdf

번호 일시 장소 연사 제목
공지 2019/09/18 - 12/5  Seminar Room #1323  Prof. David Schuster and etc.  Fall 2019: Physics Seminar Serises
공지 2019/09/02 - 12/09  Seminar Room 1501  이호성 박사 (한국표준과학연구원) and etc.  Fall 2019: Physics Colloquium
210 Nov. 1st (Tue), 10:30AM  #1323(E6-2 1st fl.)  Dr. Gadi Eisenstein, Technion  Time scale dependent dynamics in InAs/InP quantum dot gain media
209 Nov. 18th (Fri) 10:30 a.m.  #5318(5th fl.)  Dr. 최 순 원, Havard University  Non-equilibrium many-body spin dynamics in diamond
208 Nov. 16 (Wed), 4p.m.  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. Heung-Sik Kim , University of Toronto  Realizing Haldane Model in Fe-based Honeycomb Ferromagnetic Insulators
207 Nov. 11th(Fri), 1:30 p.m.  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. Keun Su Kim, POSTECH  Bandgap Engineering of Black Phosphorus
206 Nov. 11th (Fri), 4 p.m.  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. Bohm-Jung Yang, SNU  Dirac fermions in condensed matters
205 Nov. 10th(Thu) 4 p.m.  E6-2. #1323(1st fl.)  Prof. Min Seok Jang, Electrical Engineering, KAIST  Low Dimensional Active Plasmonics and Electron Optics in Graphene
204 Nov. 1 (Tue.) 2:30 pm  Seminar Room #1323(E6-2)  Prof. Youngjoon Kwon, Yonsei Univ.  Search for dark sector particles in the B-factory experiments
203 Nov. 04 (Fri), 3:00 PM  E6-2. #1323(1st fl.)  Dr. Dohun Kim, Department of Physics and Astronomy, SNU  Quantum information experiments using few electron spins in semiconductors
202 Nov. 04 (Fri), 1:30 PM  E6-2. #1323(1st fl.)  Dr. Jonghyun Song, Department of Physics, Chungnam National University  Exotic phenomena at oxide LaAlO3/SrTiO3 hetero-interface and their applications
201 May. 8th (Wed), 16:00  E6 Room(#1323)  Jieun Lee  Imaging valley dependent electron transport in 2D semiconductors file
200 May. 3 (Fri), 11:00 AM  E6-2. 2st fl. #2502  Prof. Changhee Sohn  Exotic Magnetism file
199 May. 17 (Thu.), 01:30 PM  E6-2. 1st fl. #1323  Prof. Yong-Baek Kim University of Toronto  Quantum Spin Liquid in Kitaev Materials file
198 May. 12 (Fri.), 01:30 PM  E6-2. 1st fl. #1323  Dr. Young Kuk Kim  Topological Dirac insulator
197 May. 11 (Fri.), 04:00 PM  E6-2. 1st fl. #1323  Dr. Nam Kim  암페어 단위 재정의와 단전자 펌프 소자 개발 file
196 May. 11 (Fri.), 02:30 PM  E6-2. 1st fl. #1323  Dr. Kun Woo Kim  Disordered Floquet topological insulators file
195 May 9 (Wed.), 04:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Prof. Jong-Soo Rhyee  Recent advances in thermoelectric bulk composites file
194 May 9 (Thu.), 16:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Prof. Kwang Geol Lee  Quantum Optical Sensing Using Single Photons And Single Photon Emission from Single Emitters file
193 May 9 (Thu.), 16:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Prof. Kwang Geol Lee  Quantum Optical Sensing Using Single Photons And Single Photon Emission from Single Emitters file
192 May. 8th (Wed), 16:00  E6 Room(#1323)  Jieun Lee  Imaging valley dependent electron transport in 2D semiconductors file
191 May 311 (Thu.), 04:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Prof. Teun-Teun Kim  Dynamic control of optical properties with gated-graphene metamaterials file