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장소 #1323(E6-2 1st fl.) 
일시 Jun 1 (Wed) 4 PM 
연사 Kil-Byoung Chai, Caltech 

Laboratory experiments relevant to mesospheric clouds, Saturn’s rings & astrophysical jets

 

Jun 1 (Wed) 4 PM, #1323(E6-2 1st fl.)
Kil-Byoung Chai, Caltech

 

An rf discharge with liquid nitrogen cooled electrodes and injected water vapor has been used to study nucleation, growth, and dynamics of water-ice grains spontaneously formed in a plasma environment. Examples of water-ice dusty plasmas include polar mesospheric clouds, Saturn’s diffusive rings, and protoplanetary disks. We found that fast grain growth to nonspherical shape with up to 5:1 elongation occurs when the water molecule mean free path exceeds the ice grain screening length. Ice grains grow largest in light gas plasmas, up to 500 µm long in hydrogen plasma. Elongated ice grains align along the plasma ambipolar electric field. Microscope images reveal that the ice grains have fractal nature with 1.7 typical fractal dimension. After the growth process ends, poloidal vortex motion of ice grains is observed and is shown to result from the non-conservative ion drag force.

The Caltech jet experiment produces low beta, high Lundquist number, high density (~1022 m-3) MHD-driven plasma jets and so is similar to astrophysical jets and solar corona loops. We have recently studied various phenomena associated with magnetic reconnection induced by a kink-driven Rayleigh-Taylor instability using comprehensive diagnostics. The results of this study include the following: A spatially localized EUV burst is imaged at the presumed position of fast magnetic reconnection in a plasma jet; the existence of this localized EUV burst indicates strong localized electron heating. Circularly polarized high frequency whistler waves are simultaneously observed indicating that Hall dynamics likely governs the reconnection. Spectroscopic measurement shows simultaneous fast ion heating. We propose that the electron heating is consistent with Ohmic dissipation while the ion heating is consistent with ion trajectories becoming stochastic.

 

번호 일시 장소 연사 제목
공지 2019/09/18 - 12/5  Seminar Room #1323  Prof. David Schuster and etc.  Fall 2019: Physics Seminar Serises
공지 2019/09/02 - 12/09  Seminar Room 1501  이호성 박사 (한국표준과학연구원) and etc.  Fall 2019: Physics Colloquium
38 July 25(Thur.),4:00PM  E6-2, #1323  Prof.Bohm-Jung Yang  Band topology of twisted bilayer graphene file
37 September 18(Wed.), 16:00PM  #1323, E6-2  Prof.David Schuster  Exploring Synthetic Quantum Matter in Superconducting Circuits file
36 Apr. 27, 2017 (Thu) 4:00 pm  Seminar Room(#1323, E6-2)  Prof.Donghan Lee (Chungnam National Univ.)  반도체 양자점을 이용한 단광자 광원
35 Nov. 28 (Tue.), 4:00 PM  #1323 (E6-2. 1st fl.)  Samindranath Mitra, Editor at Physical Review Letters  Physics after the lab and the desk: Your work in PRL file
34 2015/07/16-07/17  E6-2, 1501  Sang-Wook Cheong (Rutgers Univ.)  KAIST Physics Distinguished Lecture
33 2016/09/29-12/13  E6-2, #1323  Sangyoon Han 외  2016 Fall, Physics Seminar Serises file
32 July 8(Mon), 14:00  E6, #1322  T. L. M. Guedes (Univ. of Konstanz)  Ultrabroadband squeezed pulses and their relation to relativity file
31 DEC. 26 (Wed), 04:00 PM  E6-1. 3rd fl. #3434  Y. Kim, A. Go, K. Hwang and E.-G. Moon  Informal Workshop on Topology and Correlation file
30 2016/09/05-12/12 4PM  Natual Scien Bldg.(E6)m #1501  Yeong Kwan Kim 외  Physics Colloquium : 2016 Fall file
29 2012/04/02, 4PM  E6, 1501  Yong Hee Jeong  A new route to ferroelectricity in magnetic spinels: a case of Co2MnO4
28 Jun. 14 (Tue) 4PM  Seminar Room (#2502, 2nd fl.)  Young-Sik Ra, Université Pierre et Marie Curie  Photonic quantum network based on multimode squeezed vacuums and single-photon subtraction
27 2013/03/11-06/10  E6, 1501  강명수교수(KAIST) 외  Physics Colloquium : 2013 Spring
26 Oct. 10(Tue) 4PM  E6-2 #1323  김성웅 교수 (성균관대학교 에너지과학과)  Discovery of New 2D Materials with Diverse Physical Properties
25 2011/09/03-12/06  E6, 1501  김용균교수(한양대) 외  Physics Colloquium : 2011 Fall file
24 2015/09/07-12/01  E6, 1501  문은국 교수(KAIST) 외  Physics Colloquium : 2015 Fall file
23 2016/03/11-06/09  E6-2, 1501 외  박권(KAIS) 외  Physics Seminar Serises : 2016 Spring file
22 2015/09/15-12/08  E6, 1501  박제근 교수(서울대 물리학과) 외12명  Physics Colloquium : 2014 Fall file
21 April 6 (Fri.), 10:00 AM  #2502, E6  박채연 박사  Entanglement and thermalization in many-body systems: recent progress file
20 2013/09/09-12/09  E6, 1501  박혁규교수(부산대) 외  Physics Colloquium : 2013 Fall
19 5월 17일(화), 11:00 ~ 12:00  창의학습관(E11), 406호  방준혁 박사(Korea Basic Science Institute, KBSI)  The CERN Resonant WISP Search: Development, Results and Lesson-Learned