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장소 #1323(E6-2 1st fl.) 
일시 Jun 1 (Wed) 4 PM 
연사 Kil-Byoung Chai, Caltech 

Laboratory experiments relevant to mesospheric clouds, Saturn’s rings & astrophysical jets

 

Jun 1 (Wed) 4 PM, #1323(E6-2 1st fl.)
Kil-Byoung Chai, Caltech

 

An rf discharge with liquid nitrogen cooled electrodes and injected water vapor has been used to study nucleation, growth, and dynamics of water-ice grains spontaneously formed in a plasma environment. Examples of water-ice dusty plasmas include polar mesospheric clouds, Saturn’s diffusive rings, and protoplanetary disks. We found that fast grain growth to nonspherical shape with up to 5:1 elongation occurs when the water molecule mean free path exceeds the ice grain screening length. Ice grains grow largest in light gas plasmas, up to 500 µm long in hydrogen plasma. Elongated ice grains align along the plasma ambipolar electric field. Microscope images reveal that the ice grains have fractal nature with 1.7 typical fractal dimension. After the growth process ends, poloidal vortex motion of ice grains is observed and is shown to result from the non-conservative ion drag force.

The Caltech jet experiment produces low beta, high Lundquist number, high density (~1022 m-3) MHD-driven plasma jets and so is similar to astrophysical jets and solar corona loops. We have recently studied various phenomena associated with magnetic reconnection induced by a kink-driven Rayleigh-Taylor instability using comprehensive diagnostics. The results of this study include the following: A spatially localized EUV burst is imaged at the presumed position of fast magnetic reconnection in a plasma jet; the existence of this localized EUV burst indicates strong localized electron heating. Circularly polarized high frequency whistler waves are simultaneously observed indicating that Hall dynamics likely governs the reconnection. Spectroscopic measurement shows simultaneous fast ion heating. We propose that the electron heating is consistent with Ohmic dissipation while the ion heating is consistent with ion trajectories becoming stochastic.

 

번호 일시 장소 연사 제목
공지 2019/09/18 - 12/5  Seminar Room #1323  Prof. David Schuster and etc.  Fall 2019: Physics Seminar Serises
공지 2019/09/02 - 12/09  Seminar Room 1501  이호성 박사 (한국표준과학연구원) and etc.  Fall 2019: Physics Colloquium
40 2018. 6. 22 10:00am ~ 11:50am  E6-6, Lecture Room 119 (1F)  Prof. Sang Bok Lee, Dept. of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Univ. of Maryland  Success in Research Career file
39 May 13 (Fri.) 4 PM  E6. #1501(1st fl.)  Dr. Hosub Jin, Dept. of Physics, UNIST  Graphene analogue in (111)- BaBiO3 bilayer heterostructures for topological electronics
38 May 13 (Fri.), 1:30 PM  E6. #1501(1st fl.)  Dr. Young-Woo Son, Dept. of Physics, KIAS  Aperiodic crystals in low dimensions
37 April 6, 2017 (Thu), 4:00 pm  IBS CAPP seminar room, Creation Hall (3F), KAIST Munji Campus  Prof. Youngjoon Kwon (Yonsei University)  For whom the Belle tolls
36 #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Jul. 10th (Mon), 4pm  Dr. Duk Young Kim Los Alamos National Laboratory  “Intertwined Orders in a Heavy-fermion metal” file
35 2015/10/14, 6PM  KAIST Munji Campus Supex Hall  이창환 교수 (부산대학교 물리학과)  인터스텔라 영화 속의 물리 file
34 April 4, 2016 (Mon) - April 8, 2016 (Fri)  KAIST Natural Science Building (E6-2), RM #4314  Dr. Fritz Caspers (CERN)  Radio frequency engineering
33 Aug. 4, 2016 (Thu.), 2:30 pm  KAIST Natural Science Building (E6-5), EDU 3.0 Room(1st fl.)  Prof. Argyris Nicolaidis  Relational Logic (with applications to Quantum Mechanics, String Theory, Cosmology, Neutrino Oscillations, Statistical Mechanics)
32 2014/05/28, PM5  KI Building, Matrix Hall  이웅범 대표이사(LG이노텍)  부품소재산업이 미래다
31 4월 18일(월), 15:30~  KI빌딩(E4), 강의실 B501 (5F)  Prof. Robert A. DiStasio Jr. (Cornell University)  First Principles Approaches for Intermolecular Interactions: From Gas-Phase Dimers to Liquid Water and Molecular Crystal Polymorphism file
30 2017.1.9(Mon), 4PM  Lecture Hall, College of Natural Sciences [#1501,E6-2]  Prof. John Michael Kosterlitz, Brown University  Topological Defects and Phase Transitions" file
29 May 19, 2016 (Thur.) 3PM  May 19, 2016 (Thur.) 3PM,  Dr. Michael Betz, CERN  The CERN Resonant WISP Search: Development, Results and Lesson-Learned
28 2016/09/05-12/12 4PM  Natual Scien Bldg.(E6)m #1501  Yeong Kwan Kim 외  Physics Colloquium : 2016 Fall file
27 3 PM, 12 Jun (Wed), 2019  Rm# 1323, E6-2  Dr. Minyoung You  The relation between free and interacting fermionic SPT phases file
26 8/19 (Mon), 10:00~11:30, 8/22 (Thur), 10:00~11:30  Rm. 1322, E6-2  Nicolas Treps  Tutorials on Multimode Quantum Optics in the Continuous Variable Regime file
25 2019. 7. 16(화)  Rm. 1323 (E6-2)  Prof. Sidney Nagel  2019 Physics Distinguished Lecture file
24 August. 14th (Wed.), 4:00PM,  Rm. 1323, E6  Prof. Nicolas Treps  Quantum Optics, at the heart of quantum metrology and quantum information file
23 August 27 (Tue.), 4:00PM  Rm. 1323, E6  Hiroshi Eisaki  Critical current properties of Fe-based superconductors file
22 RM. 1323, E6-2    Spring 2019: Physics Seminar Serises file
21 Feb. 25 - Jun 3  Rm. 1501 (E6)    Spring 2019: Physics Colloquium file