visual
visual

세미나

  • HOME
  • >
  • 소식
  • >
  • 세미나
장소 #5318(E6-2. 5th fl.) 
일시 AUG. 31 (Thu.), 2 PM 
연사 Prof. Hiroaki Ishizuka (The University of Tokyo) 

“Berry phase and nonlinear response: photocurrent in noncentrosymmetric insulators and Weyl semimetals”

Prof. Hiroaki Ishizuka (The University of Tokyo)

AUG. 31 (Thu.), 2 PM / #5318(E6-2. 5th fl.)

 

Berry phase is one of the important keywords to understand non-trivial quantum effects. In condensed matter physics, the Berry phase often shows up in transport phenomena (e.g., quantum and anomalous Hall effects) and is considered as a keyword to understand topological properties of non-interacting fermion systems. While most of such studies have focused on the equilibrium states or linear responses in close to the equilibrium, a recent study on the photogalvanic effects have pointed out the relation between the Berry phase and photogalvanic effects in noncentrosymmetric insulators where inter-band transitions take an essential role [1-3]; it is named shift current as it is related to the shift of the Wannier function. So far, however, no observable consequences that distinguish this phenomenon from the conventional mechanism is known. In this talk, we theoretically explored the basic properties of shift current focusing on the distinction between the conventional and shift current mechanisms. 

To theoretically study the photocurrent, we employed a Keldysh Green’s function formalism combined with Floquet theory. Using a large size numerical calculation, we study how the photocurrent changes by the local excitation, i.e., when only a part of the system is irradiated by the light. We show that, for the shift current, the magnitude of the current does not depend on the position of the light [4]. This is in contrast to the conventional mechanism, where the photocurrent is expected to be larger at the edge of the sample while it is suppressed when the light is at the center. Such behavior is consistent with the photocurrent recently observed in a noncentrosymmetric organic solid [5].

In the latter half of the talk, we discuss the effect of Berry phase on the photocurrent in Weyl semimetals [6,7]. We show that the Berry phase associated with the Weyl nodes induce a similar phenomenon to the adiabatic pump, resulting in a dissipation-less photocurrent. We find that the photocurrent appears only with the circularly polarized lights. This mechanism may potentially explain the photocurrent observed in TaAs [8].

 

[1] W. Kraut and R. von Blatz, Phys. Rev. B 19, 1548 (1979); ibid. 23, 5590 (1981). 

[2] J. E. Sipe and A. I. Shkrebtii, Phys. Rev. B 61, 5337 (2000).

[3] T. Morimoto and N. Nagaosa, Science Adv. 2, e1501524 (2016).

[4] H. Ishizuka and N. Nagaosa, New J. Phys. 19, 033015 (2017).

[5] M. Nakamura, et al., Nature Commun. 8, 281 (2017).

[6] H. Ishizuka et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 216601 (2016).

[7] H. Ishizuka et al., Phys. Rev. B 95, 245211 (2017).

[8] Q. Ma et al., preprint (arXiv: 1705.00690).

 

Contact: Eun Gook Moon, Physics Dept., (egmoon@kaist.ac.kr)

20170831_Hiroaki Ishizuka.pdf

번호 일시 장소 연사 제목
공지 2019/09/18 - 12/5  Seminar Room #1323  Prof. David Schuster and etc.  Fall 2019: Physics Seminar Serises
공지 2019/09/02 - 12/09  Seminar Room 1501  이호성 박사 (한국표준과학연구원) and etc.  Fall 2019: Physics Colloquium
69 June 4 (Tue.), 5:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Prof. Minsu Kim  Stochastic nature of bacterial eradication using antibiotics file
68 DEC. 27 (Thu), 04:00 PM  E6-2. 1st fl. #1323  Prof. Na Young Kim  Quantum Innovation (QuIN) Laboratory file
67 October 17 (Thu.), 16:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Prof. Namkyoo Park  Top down manipulation of Waves : From Metamaterials, Correlated Disorder, Quantum Analogy, to Digital Processing file
66 August. 14th (Wed.), 4:00PM,  Rm. 1323, E6  Prof. Nicolas Treps  Quantum Optics, at the heart of quantum metrology and quantum information file
65 Aug. 16 (Wed.), 4 PM  #1322 (E6-2. 1st fl.)  Prof. Noejung Park (UNIST)  Phonon-driven spin-Floquet valleytro-magnetism file
64 October 15 (Tue.), 16:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Prof. Pilkyung Moon  Moiré superlattices and graphene quasicrystal file
63 4월 18일(월), 15:30~  KI빌딩(E4), 강의실 B501 (5F)  Prof. Robert A. DiStasio Jr. (Cornell University)  First Principles Approaches for Intermolecular Interactions: From Gas-Phase Dimers to Liquid Water and Molecular Crystal Polymorphism file
62 2018. 6. 22 10:00am ~ 11:50am  E6-6, Lecture Room 119 (1F)  Prof. Sang Bok Lee, Dept. of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Univ. of Maryland  Success in Research Career file
61 NOV. 23 (Fri), 03:00 PM  E6-2. 2st fl. #2501  Prof. Sang-Jin Sin  Entanglement string and Spin Liquid with Holographic duality file
60 October 29 (Tue.), 10:00am  #1323 (E6-2, 1st fl.)  Prof. Se Kwon Kim  Unconventional Spin Transport in Quantum Materials file
59 November 21 (Wed.), 15:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Prof. Seongshik Oh  Engineering topological quantum physics at the atomic scale file
58 June 14, 2016 (Tue) 3PM  #1323 (E6-2 1st fl.)  Prof. Seungyong Hahn, Florida State University  No-Insulation High Temperature Superconductor Magnet Technology for Compact, Reliable, and Low-Cost High Field DC Magnets
57 December 18 (Tue.), 4:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Prof. Shin-ichi Uchida  Road to Higher Tc Superconductivity file
56 2019. 7. 16(화)  Rm. 1323 (E6-2)  Prof. Sidney Nagel  2019 Physics Distinguished Lecture file
55 July 10 (Wed.), 04:00 PM-  Academic Cltural Complex (E9) 5층 스카이라운지  Prof. Sidney Nagel/Young-Kee Kim  Public Lectures file
54 October 4 (Thu.), 16:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Prof. Soo Jin Kim  Engineering light absorption in an ultrathin semiconductor metafilm file
53 December 5 (Thu.), 16:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Prof. Soon-Hong Kwon  Subwavelenth Photonic Devices: From Single Photon Sources to Solar Cell file
52 May 24 (Fri.), 16:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Prof. Soonjae Moon  Infrared spectroscopy study on metal-insulator transitions in layered perovskite iridates file
51 April 4 (Thu.), 16:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Prof. Su-Hyun Gong  Chiral spin-photon interaction at nanoscale file
50 Nov. 22th (Thur), 15:00  E6 Room(#1323)  Prof. Suprijadi Haryono  Experimental and Computational Study on Physical Properties based on Granular System file