visual
visual

세미나

  • HOME
  • >
  • 소식
  • >
  • 세미나
장소 #5318(5th fl.) 
일시 Nov. 18th (Fri) 10:30 a.m. 
연사 Dr. 최 순 원, Havard University 

Non-equilibrium many-body spin dynamics in diamond

 

Dr. 원, Havard University

Nov. 18th (Fri) 10:30 a.m., #5318(5th fl.)

 

 

Abstract:

In this talk, we will discuss two recent developments in non-equilibrium quantum dynamics of strongly interacting many-body systems: I. critically slow thermalization in a disordered dipolar spin ensemble [1] and II. the observation of discrete time crystalline order [2]. Both of these experiments were enabled by a high density ensemble of nitrogen-vacancy (NV) color centers in diamond [3]. As a mixture of theory and experiments, the talk will be self-contained and pedagogical, reviewing some of basic concepts in many-body localization, Floquet time-crystal, spin properties of NV centers and experimental techniques to manipulate and engineer the dynamics.

Part I:

Statistical mechanics underlies our understanding of macroscopic quantum systems. It is based on the assumption that out-of-equilibrium systems rapidly approach their equilibrium states, forgetting any information about their microscopic initial conditions. This fundamental paradigm is challenged by disordered systems, in which a slowdown or even absence of thermalization is expected. By controlling the spin states of the ~10^6 NV centers, we observe slow, sub-exponential thermalization consistent with power laws that exhibit disorder-dependent exponents; this behavior is modified at late times owing to many-body interactions. These observations are quantitatively explained by a resonance counting theory that incorporates the effects of both disorder and interactions

Part II:

The interplay of periodic driving, disorder, and strong interactions has recently been predicted to result in exotic ``time-crystalline'' phases, which spontaneously break the discrete time-translation symmetry of the underlying drive. We report the experimental observation of such discrete time-crystalline order and the observation of long-lived temporal correlations at integer multiples of the fundamental driving period. We experimentally identify the phase boundary and find that the temporal order is protected by strong interactions; this order is remarkably stable against perturbations, even in the presence of slow thermalization. We provide a theoretical description of approximate Floquet eigenstates of the system based on product state ansatz and predict the phase boundary, which is in qualitative agreement with our observations.

 

[1] G. Kucsko et al, arXiv:1609.08216

[2] S. Choi et al, arXiv:1610.08057

[3] J. Choi et al, arXiv:1608.05471

 

Contact: Eun-Gook Moon, Physics Dept., (egmoon@kaist.ac.kr)

 

번호 일시 장소 연사 제목
공지 2019/09/18 - 12/5  Seminar Room #1323  Prof. David Schuster and etc.  Fall 2019: Physics Seminar Serises
공지 2019/09/02 - 12/09  Seminar Room 1501  이호성 박사 (한국표준과학연구원) and etc.  Fall 2019: Physics Colloquium
43 2019. 8. 22 4PM & 8. 23 3PM  #1323, E6-2  Prof. Andrew N Cleland  Physics and Applications in Nanoelectronics and Nonomechanics file
42 September 18(Wed.), 16:00PM  #1323, E6-2  Prof.David Schuster  Exploring Synthetic Quantum Matter in Superconducting Circuits file
41 Mar. 2nd (Thu), 4:00 p.m  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. Jonathan Denlinger, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab  “Progress in the comparison of ARPES to DMFT for d and f strongly correlated electron systems”
40 Apr. 19(Tue.), 2PM  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Prof. Mark Koepke, Department of Physics and Astronomy, West Virginia University, USA  Nonlocal collisional electron transport in partially ionized plasma generation, structure, and stability
39 Jul. 08 (Fri.) 11:00 AM  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. Michael Lawler(Binghampton Univ. / Cornell Univ.)  Isostatic magnetism
38 Jul. 07 (Thu.) 2PM  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. Eun Ah Kim, CORNELL UNIV.  Let there be topological superconductors
37 Jul. 08 (Fri.) 2PM  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. Junhyun Lee, Harvard University  Electronic quasiparticles in the quantum dimer model
36 Jul. 28 (Thu.) 4PM  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Prof. Johannes Pollanen, Jerry Cowen Chair of Experimental Physics at Michigan State University  Low Dimensional Electrons: On the Road to Hybrid Quantum Systems
35 Nov. 11th(Fri), 1:30 p.m.  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. Keun Su Kim, POSTECH  Bandgap Engineering of Black Phosphorus
34 Nov. 11th (Fri), 4 p.m.  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. Bohm-Jung Yang, SNU  Dirac fermions in condensed matters
33 Nov. 16 (Wed), 4p.m.  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. Heung-Sik Kim , University of Toronto  Realizing Haldane Model in Fe-based Honeycomb Ferromagnetic Insulators
32 Nov. 24(Thu) 4p.m.  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. Jai-Min Choi, Chonbuk National Univiersity  Harmonic oscillator physics with single atoms in a state-selective optical potential
31 Nov. 29(Tue) 4p.m.  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. SungBin Lee, KAIST  Symmetry Protected Kondo Metals and Their Phase Transitions
30 Dec. 8(Thu) 4p.m.  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. Jinhyoung Lee, Hanyang University  Dynamical Resonance between Two Optical Cavities via Optomechanical Oscillator
29 Dec. 9(Fri), 1:30 p.m.  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. Jae Yoon Cho, POSTECH  Entanglement area law in strongly-correlated systems
28 Feb. 1 (Wed.), 2p.m.  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. Michihisa Yamamoto, Department of Applied Physics, The University of Tokyo  Quantum electron optics using flying electrons
27 Dec. 9(Fri), 4p.m.  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.  Dr. Kun Woo Kim, KIAS  Shift Charge and Spin Photocurrents in Dirac Surface States of Topological Insulator
26 May 16, 2016 (Mon) 4PM  #1323(E6-2, 1st Fl.)  Dr. Daniel Bowring , Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory  Tuning microwave cavities with biased nonlinear dielectrics for axion searches
25 May 19 (Thu) 4PM  #1323(E6-2, 1st fl.)  Dr. Heedeuk Shin, POSTECH  Nonlinear/quantum optical effect in silicon nano-photonics
24 May 31 (Tue.) 4 PM  #1323(E6-2, 1st fl.)  Dr. Kimin Kim, KAIST  Understanding 3D tokamak physics towards advanced control of toroidal plasma