visual
visual

세미나

  • HOME
  • >
  • 소식
  • >
  • 세미나

KAIST Physics Distinguished Lecture

2015.07.14 10:44

admin 조회 수:1493

장소 E6-2, 1501 
일시 2015/07/16-07/17 
연사 Sang-Wook Cheong (Rutgers Univ.) 

[Lecture1] Multiferroic vortices: why & how do they form?

 

2015/7/16 (THU) 4PM, Lecture Hall, College of Natural Sciences (1501, E6-2) /자연과학대학 공동강의실

Sang-Wook Cheong

Director, Rutgers Center for Emergent Materials, Rutgers University

 

 

Hexagonal REMnO3 (RE= rare earths) with RE=Ho-Lu, Y, and Sc, is an improper ferroelectric where the size mismatch between RE and Mn induces a trimerization-type structural phase transition, and this structural transition leads to three structural domains, each of which can support two directions of ferroelectric polarization. Six different types of domains in h-REMnO3 meet in cloverleaf arrangements that cycle through all possible configurations, Occurring in pairs, the cloverleafs can be viewed as vortices and antivortices, in which the cycle of domain configurations is reversed. Vortices and antivortices are topological defects: even in a strong electric field they won’t annihilate. These ferroelectric vortices/antivortices are found to be associated with intriguing collective magnetism at domain walls, reflecting the multiferroic nature of vortices.

 

The formation of these multiferroic vortices turns out to be analogous to the formation of cosmic strings right after big bag and also the unbinding of vortex loops in superfluid transition. We will discuss the exact nature of this proliferation process of multiferroic vortices.

 

 

[Lecture2] Hybrid Improper Ferroelectrics: Z4xZ2 domains with Z3 vortices

 

2015/7/17 (FRI) 11AM, Lecture Hall, College of Natural Sciences (1501, E6-2) / 자연과학대학 공동강의실

Sang-Wook Cheong

Director, Rutgers Center for Emergent Materials, Rutgers University

 

 

Utilizing trilinear coupling of two types of octahedron rotations, hybrid improper ferroelectricity has been theoretically predicted in double layered compounds such as (Ca,Sr,Ba)3(Mn,Ti,Sn,Zr,Ge)2O7. On the other hand, there exists little theoretical prediction on practical properties of the potentially-ferroelectric compounds such as ferroelectric transition temperature, switchability of polarization, and chemical phase stability. We have attempted to fabricate single crystals of some of these compounds, and examined the physical properties of the crystals with the aim of discovering new bulk ferroelectrics with switchable polarization at room temperature. We will discuss the results of our comprehensive experimental investigation.

Ordering of charge/spin/orbital degrees of freedom in complex materials accompanies domains and domain walls associated with the directional variants (Zm) and also antiphases (Zn). In hybrid improper ferroelectric (Ca,Sr,Ba)3(Mn,Ti,Sn,Zr,Ge)2O7, four directional variants with different polarization directions can exist, and each polarization domain has two degenerate antiphases. It turns out that the hybrid improper ferroelectrics tend to exhibit a Z4xZ2 domain structure with Z3 vortices. This can be compared with the Z2xZ3 domain structure with Z6 vortices in hexagonal REMnO3.

 

 

Host: Department of Physics, KAIST
Contact: Prof. Chan-Ho Yang (Ext.2513)

번호 일시 장소 연사 제목
공지 2019/09/18 - 12/5  Seminar Room #1323  Prof. David Schuster and etc.  Fall 2019: Physics Seminar Serises
공지 2019/09/02 - 12/09  Seminar Room 1501  이호성 박사 (한국표준과학연구원) and etc.  Fall 2019: Physics Colloquium
47 April 5th 2017, 12:00 ~ 13:00  Room 101, Creative Learning Bldg.(E11)  Prof. Wonho Choe(Dept. of Physics),Prof. Young-chul GHIM(Dept. of Nuclear & Quantum Engineering)  2017년 4월 첫수 융합포럼 개최 안내(물리학과 & 원자력 및 양자공학과 공동 개최)/The First Wednesday Multidisciplinary Forum in April 2017 organized by Dept. of Physics & Dept. of Nuclear & Quantum Engineering file
46 Nov. 8 (Wed.), 1:00 PM  #5318 (E6-2. 5th fl.)  Prof. Y. Matsuda Department of Physics, Kyoto University  “Emergent exotic quasiparticles in quantum spin liquids” file
45 Sep. 12 (Tue.), 4 PM  #1323 (E6-2. 1st fl.)  Prof. Yi. Zhou (The Zhejiang Univ.)  Exact Solution for the Interacting Kitaev Chain at Symmetric Point file
44 Sep. 13 (Wed.), 4 PM  #1323 (E6-2. 1st fl.)  Prof. Yi. Zhou (The Zhejiang Univ.)  An Introduction to Quantum Spin Liquids file
43 May. 17 (Thu.), 01:30 PM  E6-2. 1st fl. #1323  Prof. Yong-Baek Kim University of Toronto  Quantum Spin Liquid in Kitaev Materials file
42 2015/10/23-12/4 10:30 AM  E6, #1501  Prof. YongKeun Park & Prof. Tae-Young Yoon  How to write a good scientific paper[Open lecture series]
41 April 6, 2017 (Thu), 4:00 pm  IBS CAPP seminar room, Creation Hall (3F), KAIST Munji Campus  Prof. Youngjoon Kwon (Yonsei University)  For whom the Belle tolls
40 Nov. 1 (Tue.) 2:30 pm  Seminar Room #1323(E6-2)  Prof. Youngjoon Kwon, Yonsei Univ.  Search for dark sector particles in the B-factory experiments
39 2015/10/16, 4PM  E6-2. 2nd fl. #2501  Prof. Yung-Fu Chen(Solid-state Laser Physics Laboratory,National Central University)  Fluctuations of entropy production in partially masked electric circuits
38 July 25(Thur.),4:00PM  E6-2, #1323  Prof.Bohm-Jung Yang  Band topology of twisted bilayer graphene file
37 September 18(Wed.), 16:00PM  #1323, E6-2  Prof.David Schuster  Exploring Synthetic Quantum Matter in Superconducting Circuits file
36 Apr. 27, 2017 (Thu) 4:00 pm  Seminar Room(#1323, E6-2)  Prof.Donghan Lee (Chungnam National Univ.)  반도체 양자점을 이용한 단광자 광원
35 Nov. 28 (Tue.), 4:00 PM  #1323 (E6-2. 1st fl.)  Samindranath Mitra, Editor at Physical Review Letters  Physics after the lab and the desk: Your work in PRL file
» 2015/07/16-07/17  E6-2, 1501  Sang-Wook Cheong (Rutgers Univ.)  KAIST Physics Distinguished Lecture
33 2016/09/29-12/13  E6-2, #1323  Sangyoon Han 외  2016 Fall, Physics Seminar Serises file
32 July 8(Mon), 14:00  E6, #1322  T. L. M. Guedes (Univ. of Konstanz)  Ultrabroadband squeezed pulses and their relation to relativity file
31 DEC. 26 (Wed), 04:00 PM  E6-1. 3rd fl. #3434  Y. Kim, A. Go, K. Hwang and E.-G. Moon  Informal Workshop on Topology and Correlation file
30 2016/09/05-12/12 4PM  Natual Scien Bldg.(E6)m #1501  Yeong Kwan Kim 외  Physics Colloquium : 2016 Fall file
29 2012/04/02, 4PM  E6, 1501  Yong Hee Jeong  A new route to ferroelectricity in magnetic spinels: a case of Co2MnO4
28 Jun. 14 (Tue) 4PM  Seminar Room (#2502, 2nd fl.)  Young-Sik Ra, Université Pierre et Marie Curie  Photonic quantum network based on multimode squeezed vacuums and single-photon subtraction