• HOME
  • >
  • 소식
  • >
  • 세미나

Non-reciprocal phase transitions

2022.03.28 11:35

admin 조회 수:535

날짜 2022-03-29 10:00 
일시 10AM, 29th Mar. / 13:30 PM, 30th Mar. 
장소 E6 #1501/zoom, E6 #2502/zoom 
Title: Non-reciprocal phase transitions
presenter Dr. RYO HANAI (APCTP) 
Date: 10AM, 29th Mar. E6 #1501/zoom
        13:30 PM, 30th Mar. E6 #2502/zoom

회의 ID: 876 2332 4709

암호: 125958


Phase transitions are ubiquitous in nature. For equilibrium cases, the celebrated Landau theory has provided great success in describing these phenomena on general grounds. Even for nonequilibrium transitions such as optical bistability, flocking transition, and directed percolation, one can often define Landau’s free energy in a phenomenological way to successfully describe the transition at a meanfield level. In such cases, the nonequilibrium effect is present only through the noise-activated spatial-temporal fluctuations that break the fluctuation-dissipation theorem. Here, by generalizing the Ginzburg-Landau theory to be applicable to driven systems, we introduce a novel class of nonequilibrium phase transitions [1-2] and critical phenomena [3] that does not fall into this class. Remarkably, the discovered phase transition is controlled by spectral singularity called the exceptional points that can only occur by breaking the detailed balance and therefore has no equilibrium counterparts. The emergent collective phenomena range from active time (quasi)crystals to exceptional point enforced pattern formation, hysteresis, to anomalous critical phenomena that exhibit anomalously large phase fluctuations (that diverge at d≤4) and enhanced many-body effects (that become relevant at d<8) [3]. The inherent ingredient to these is the non-reciprocal coupling between the collective modes that arise due to the drive and dissipation.

[1]  M. Fruchart*, R. Hanai*, P. B. Littlewood, and V. Vitelli, Non-reciprocal phase transitions. Nature 592, 363 (2021).

[2]  R. Hanai, A. Edelman, Y. Ohashi, and P. B. Littlewood, Non-Hermitian phase transition from a polariton Bose-Einstein condensate to a photon laser. Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 185301 (2019).

[3]  R. Hanai and P. B. Littlewood, Critical fluctuations at a many-body exceptional point. Phys. Rev. Res. 2, 033018 (2020).
번호 날짜 장소 제목
526 2024-03-08 11:00  E6-2 #1323  2024 봄학기 광학분야 및 응집물리 특별세미나 전체 일정 file
525 2024-02-26 16:00  E6-1 #1501  2024 봄학기 콜로키움 전체 일정 file
524 2024-02-16 10:00  E6, #1323  Optical conductivity of superconducting states driven by Van Hove singularities
523 2024-01-26 15:00  E6-2 #1323  In-situ 4D-STEM studies on surface reconstruction and polarization switching of perovskite oxides
522 2024-01-25 16:00  CAPP Seminar Room C303, Creation Hall, KAIST Munji Campus  [CAPP seminars] Detecting Gravitational Waves by Elecromagnetic Cavity
521 2024-01-24 15:00  E6-2 #1323  Determination of single molecule loading rate during mechanotransduction file
520 2024-01-16 16:00  E6-2, #2502  [High Energy Theory Seminar] Towards quantum black hole microstates
519 2024-01-16 14:00  E6-2, #1323  Dimer Physics and Superconductivity in La3Ni2O7
518 2024-01-03 11:00  E6-2, #1323  Interplay of Strong Correlations, Topology, and Disorder in 2D Quantum Matters
517 2023-12-19 16:00  E6-2, #1323  [High Energy Theory Seminar] Non-invertible symmetries, leptons, quarks, and why multiple generations
516 2023-12-14 16:00  CAPP Seminar Room C303, Creation Hall, KAIST Munji Campus  Superconducting qubits for large-scale quantum computers file
515 2023-12-08 10:30  E6-2, Rm#2502  Novel transport phenomena in insulators
514 2023-11-30 10:30  E6-2, #1322  [High-Energy Theory Seminar] 3d-3d correspondence and 2d N = (0,2) boundary conditions
513 2023-11-29 10:00  Zoom  [High Energy Theory Seminar] Averaged null energy and the renormalization group
512 2023-11-23 16:00  E6-2(Natural Science B/D). 1st fl. #1323  Deciphering the Enigma of Quantum Materials by X-ray Scattering and Spectroscopy
511 2023-11-22 16:00  E6-2, #2502  [High Energy Theory Seminar] Renormalization and the Hierarchy Problem
510 2023-11-22 10:00  E6-2, #5301 & zoom  [High Energy Theory Seminar] Exact Quantum Algorithms to Recognize Quantum Phases of Matter
509 2023-11-16 16:00  E6-2(Natural Science B/D). 1st fl. #1323  Electric-field control of emergent phenomena in correlated oxide thin films
508 2023-11-15 16:00  E6-6, #119  Quantum hydrodynamic theory for plasmonics: from molecule-coupling to nonlinear optics
507 2023-11-09 16:00  E6-2(Natural Science B/D). 1st fl. #1323  Assessing the Capability of Near-Term Photonic Devices Towards Quantum Supremacy