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장소 #1323(E6-2 1st fl.) 
일시 Jun 1 (Wed) 4 PM 
연사 Kil-Byoung Chai, Caltech 

Laboratory experiments relevant to mesospheric clouds, Saturn’s rings & astrophysical jets

 

Jun 1 (Wed) 4 PM, #1323(E6-2 1st fl.)
Kil-Byoung Chai, Caltech

 

An rf discharge with liquid nitrogen cooled electrodes and injected water vapor has been used to study nucleation, growth, and dynamics of water-ice grains spontaneously formed in a plasma environment. Examples of water-ice dusty plasmas include polar mesospheric clouds, Saturn’s diffusive rings, and protoplanetary disks. We found that fast grain growth to nonspherical shape with up to 5:1 elongation occurs when the water molecule mean free path exceeds the ice grain screening length. Ice grains grow largest in light gas plasmas, up to 500 µm long in hydrogen plasma. Elongated ice grains align along the plasma ambipolar electric field. Microscope images reveal that the ice grains have fractal nature with 1.7 typical fractal dimension. After the growth process ends, poloidal vortex motion of ice grains is observed and is shown to result from the non-conservative ion drag force.

The Caltech jet experiment produces low beta, high Lundquist number, high density (~1022 m-3) MHD-driven plasma jets and so is similar to astrophysical jets and solar corona loops. We have recently studied various phenomena associated with magnetic reconnection induced by a kink-driven Rayleigh-Taylor instability using comprehensive diagnostics. The results of this study include the following: A spatially localized EUV burst is imaged at the presumed position of fast magnetic reconnection in a plasma jet; the existence of this localized EUV burst indicates strong localized electron heating. Circularly polarized high frequency whistler waves are simultaneously observed indicating that Hall dynamics likely governs the reconnection. Spectroscopic measurement shows simultaneous fast ion heating. We propose that the electron heating is consistent with Ohmic dissipation while the ion heating is consistent with ion trajectories becoming stochastic.

 

번호 일시 장소 연사 제목
공지 2019/09/18 - 12/5  Seminar Room #1323  Prof. David Schuster and etc.  Fall 2019: Physics Seminar Serises
공지 2019/09/02 - 12/09  Seminar Room 1501  이호성 박사 (한국표준과학연구원) and etc.  Fall 2019: Physics Colloquium
287 Thursday, July 12, 2018 at 17:00  Room 5318, KAIST Natural Sciences Lecture Hall(E6)  Dr. Jae Hyeok Yoo (University of California, Santa Barbara, Department of Physics)  The MilliQan Experiment: Search for Milli-Charged Particles at the LHC
286 Thursday, December 14, 2017 at 3:00 pm  Seminar Room (C303), Creation Hall (3F), KAIST Munji Campus  Chunglee Kim (KASI)  Exploring the Universe via GWs in the era of multi-messenger astronomy
285 September 5 (Wed.), 16:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Dr. Dirk Wulferding  Shining a light on fractional excitations file
284 September 26 (Thu.), 16:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Han Seb Moon  Entanglement Swapping with Autonomous Polarization-Entangled Photon-Pairs from Warm Atomic Ensemble file
283 September 20 (Thu.), 16:00  #1323, E6-2  Prof. Joo-Hiuk Son  Toward Cancer Treatment Using Terahertz Radiation: Demethylation of Cancer DNA file
282 September 18(Wed.), 16:00PM  #1323, E6-2  Prof.David Schuster  Exploring Synthetic Quantum Matter in Superconducting Circuits file
281 Sep10(Tue), 15:00  #2502, E6-2  Jun Ho Son  (2+1) D Duality Web from 3D Euclidean Lattice file
280 Sep. 4 (Tue), 02:30 PM  E6-2. 2st fl. #2502  Dr. Changmin Lee, MIT  Ultrafast time- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (tr-ARPES) with extreme ultraviolet laser pulses file
279 Sep. 29th(Thu), 4PM  E6-2 #1323 (1st floor)  Dr. Sangyoon Han, Department of Physics, KAIST  Large-scale Silicon Photonic MEMS Switches
278 Sep. 29 (Thu), 4:00 PM  E6-2. #2501(2nd fl.)  Dr. Minu Kim, Institute for Basic Science, Seoul National University  Exploring the phase diagram of BaBiO3: epic voyage of just another bad trip?
277 Sep. 27 (Fri.), 04:00 PM  E6-2. 1st fl. #1323  Dr. Jindong Song  0D/1D/2D/3D III-V materials grown by MBE for Optelectronics file
276 Sep. 27 (Fri.), 02:30 PM  E6-2. 1st fl. #1323  Dr. Joon Sue Lee  Spin-charge conversion in topological insulators for spintronic applications file
275 Sep. 26 (Tue.), 11AM  #1323 (E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. Yukiaki Ishida / ISSP, University of Tokyo  Time-resolved ARPES study of Dirac and topological materials
274 Sep. 22, 2016(Thu), 3:30 PM  #1323(E6-2, 1st fl.)  Dr. Haiyang Yan (Institute of Nuclear Physics and Chemistry)  Polarized 3He, Polarized Neutrons and New Interactions beyond the Standard Model
273 Sep. 22, 2016(Thu), 3:30 PM  #1323(E6-2, 1st fl.)  Dr. Haiyang Yan (Institute of Nuclear Physics and Chemistry)  Polarized 3He, Polarized Neutrons and New Interactions beyond the Standard Model
272 Sep. 22 (Fri.), 04:00 PM  E6-2. 1st fl. #1323  Dr. GilHo Lee / Department of Physics, POSTECH  Unexpected Electron-Pairing in Integer Quantum Hall Effect file
271 Sep. 22 (Fri.), 02:30 PM  E6-2. 1st fl. #1323  Dr. GilHo Lee / Department of Physics, POSTECH  Quantum Electronic Transport in Graphene Hybrid Nanostructures file
270 Sep. 22 (Fri.), 01:00 PM  E6-2. 1st fl. #1323  Dr. EunSeong Kim / Department of Physics, KAIST  Superconductor-metal-insulator transition in thin Tantalum films file
269 Sep. 13 (Wed.), 4 PM  #1323 (E6-2. 1st fl.)  Prof. Yi. Zhou (The Zhejiang Univ.)  An Introduction to Quantum Spin Liquids file
268 Sep. 12 (Tue.), 4 PM  #1323 (E6-2. 1st fl.)  Prof. Yi. Zhou (The Zhejiang Univ.)  Exact Solution for the Interacting Kitaev Chain at Symmetric Point file