visual
visual

세미나

  • HOME
  • >
  • 소식
  • >
  • 세미나
장소 #1323(E6-2 1st fl.) 
일시 Jun 1 (Wed) 4 PM 
연사 Kil-Byoung Chai, Caltech 

Laboratory experiments relevant to mesospheric clouds, Saturn’s rings & astrophysical jets

 

Jun 1 (Wed) 4 PM, #1323(E6-2 1st fl.)
Kil-Byoung Chai, Caltech

 

An rf discharge with liquid nitrogen cooled electrodes and injected water vapor has been used to study nucleation, growth, and dynamics of water-ice grains spontaneously formed in a plasma environment. Examples of water-ice dusty plasmas include polar mesospheric clouds, Saturn’s diffusive rings, and protoplanetary disks. We found that fast grain growth to nonspherical shape with up to 5:1 elongation occurs when the water molecule mean free path exceeds the ice grain screening length. Ice grains grow largest in light gas plasmas, up to 500 µm long in hydrogen plasma. Elongated ice grains align along the plasma ambipolar electric field. Microscope images reveal that the ice grains have fractal nature with 1.7 typical fractal dimension. After the growth process ends, poloidal vortex motion of ice grains is observed and is shown to result from the non-conservative ion drag force.

The Caltech jet experiment produces low beta, high Lundquist number, high density (~1022 m-3) MHD-driven plasma jets and so is similar to astrophysical jets and solar corona loops. We have recently studied various phenomena associated with magnetic reconnection induced by a kink-driven Rayleigh-Taylor instability using comprehensive diagnostics. The results of this study include the following: A spatially localized EUV burst is imaged at the presumed position of fast magnetic reconnection in a plasma jet; the existence of this localized EUV burst indicates strong localized electron heating. Circularly polarized high frequency whistler waves are simultaneously observed indicating that Hall dynamics likely governs the reconnection. Spectroscopic measurement shows simultaneous fast ion heating. We propose that the electron heating is consistent with Ohmic dissipation while the ion heating is consistent with ion trajectories becoming stochastic.

 

번호 일시 장소 연사 제목
공지 2019/09/18 - 12/5  Seminar Room #1323  Prof. David Schuster and etc.  Fall 2019: Physics Seminar Serises
공지 2019/09/02 - 12/09  Seminar Room 1501  이호성 박사 (한국표준과학연구원) and etc.  Fall 2019: Physics Colloquium
79 June 14, 2016 (Tue) 3PM  #1323 (E6-2 1st fl.)  Prof. Seungyong Hahn, Florida State University  No-Insulation High Temperature Superconductor Magnet Technology for Compact, Reliable, and Low-Cost High Field DC Magnets
» Jun 1 (Wed) 4 PM  #1323(E6-2 1st fl.)  Kil-Byoung Chai, Caltech  Laboratory experiments relevant to mesospheric clouds, Saturn’s rings & astrophysical jets
77 May 31 (Tue.) 4 PM  #1323(E6-2, 1st fl.)  Dr. Kimin Kim, KAIST  Understanding 3D tokamak physics towards advanced control of toroidal plasma
76 Jun. 1(Wed) 10:30 AM  BK21 Conference Room (#1318, E6-2)  Dr. Noriaki Horiuchi, Editor, Nature Photonics  Welcome to Nature Photonics
75 May 24 (Tue) 4 PM  E6-2. #1323(1st fl.)  Dr. Euyheon Hwang, SKKU Advanced Institute of Nanotechnology, Sung Kyung Kwan University  Electronic and magnetic properties of 2D transition-metal thiophosphates and tunability of magnetic order with carrier density
74 May 19 (Thu) 4PM  #1323(E6-2, 1st fl.)  Dr. Heedeuk Shin, POSTECH  Nonlinear/quantum optical effect in silicon nano-photonics
73 5월 17일(화), 11:00 ~ 12:00  창의학습관(E11), 406호  방준혁 박사(Korea Basic Science Institute, KBSI)  The CERN Resonant WISP Search: Development, Results and Lesson-Learned
72 May 19, 2016 (Thur.) 3PM  May 19, 2016 (Thur.) 3PM,  Dr. Michael Betz, CERN  The CERN Resonant WISP Search: Development, Results and Lesson-Learned
71 May 16, 2016 (Mon) 4PM  #1323(E6-2, 1st Fl.)  Dr. Daniel Bowring , Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory  Tuning microwave cavities with biased nonlinear dielectrics for axion searches
70 May 13 (Fri.), 1:30 PM  E6. #1501(1st fl.)  Dr. Young-Woo Son, Dept. of Physics, KIAS  Aperiodic crystals in low dimensions
69 May 13 (Fri.) 4 PM  E6. #1501(1st fl.)  Dr. Hosub Jin, Dept. of Physics, UNIST  Graphene analogue in (111)- BaBiO3 bilayer heterostructures for topological electronics
68 May 11 (Wed.), 4 PM  E6-2. #1323(1st fl.)  Dr. Bumjoon Kim, Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research  The quest for novel high-temperature superconductors---Prospects and progress in iridates
67 Apr. 28 (Thu.) 3PM  #2501(E6-2. 2nd fl.)  Dr. Chang Hee Sohn, SEOUL NATIONAL UNIVERSITY  Lattice/Spin/Charge Coupling in 5d Pyrochlore Cd2Os2O7
66 April 26 (Tue), 4PM  #1323(1st Floor. E6-2)  Dr. Myung-Ho Bae, Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science  Transport spectroscopy for electronic bands in carbon-based nanomaterials with weak-bond contacts
65 Apr. 19(Tue.), 2PM  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Prof. Mark Koepke, Department of Physics and Astronomy, West Virginia University, USA  Nonlocal collisional electron transport in partially ionized plasma generation, structure, and stability
64 4월 18일(월), 15:30~  KI빌딩(E4), 강의실 B501 (5F)  Prof. Robert A. DiStasio Jr. (Cornell University)  First Principles Approaches for Intermolecular Interactions: From Gas-Phase Dimers to Liquid Water and Molecular Crystal Polymorphism file
63 Apr. 12 (Tue.), 4 PM  E6-2. 1st fl. #1323  Dr. Jeehoon Kim, POSTECH  Confinement of Superconducting Vortices in Magnetic Force Microscopy
62 Apr. 08 (Fri.), 4:00 PM  E6-2. 5st fl. #1501  Dr. Changyoung Kim, SEOUL NATIONAL UNIV.  Spectroscopic studies of iron-based superconductors : what have we learned?
61 Apr. 08 (Fri.), 13:30 PM  E6-2. 1st fl. #1501  Dr. Yunkyu Bang, Chonnam National Univ.  Theoretical Overview of Iron-based superconductors and its future
60 Apr. 5 (Tue.), 4PM  E6-2. 1st fl. #1322  Dr. Ara Go, Columbia University  A new impurity solver for multi-orbital systems: adaptive truncation of the Hilbert space