visual
visual

세미나

  • HOME
  • >
  • 소식
  • >
  • 세미나

KAIST Physics Distinguished Lecture

2015.07.14 10:44

admin 조회 수:1720

장소 E6-2, 1501 
일시 2015/07/16-07/17 
연사 Sang-Wook Cheong (Rutgers Univ.) 

[Lecture1] Multiferroic vortices: why & how do they form?

 

2015/7/16 (THU) 4PM, Lecture Hall, College of Natural Sciences (1501, E6-2) /자연과학대학 공동강의실

Sang-Wook Cheong

Director, Rutgers Center for Emergent Materials, Rutgers University

 

 

Hexagonal REMnO3 (RE= rare earths) with RE=Ho-Lu, Y, and Sc, is an improper ferroelectric where the size mismatch between RE and Mn induces a trimerization-type structural phase transition, and this structural transition leads to three structural domains, each of which can support two directions of ferroelectric polarization. Six different types of domains in h-REMnO3 meet in cloverleaf arrangements that cycle through all possible configurations, Occurring in pairs, the cloverleafs can be viewed as vortices and antivortices, in which the cycle of domain configurations is reversed. Vortices and antivortices are topological defects: even in a strong electric field they won’t annihilate. These ferroelectric vortices/antivortices are found to be associated with intriguing collective magnetism at domain walls, reflecting the multiferroic nature of vortices.

 

The formation of these multiferroic vortices turns out to be analogous to the formation of cosmic strings right after big bag and also the unbinding of vortex loops in superfluid transition. We will discuss the exact nature of this proliferation process of multiferroic vortices.

 

 

[Lecture2] Hybrid Improper Ferroelectrics: Z4xZ2 domains with Z3 vortices

 

2015/7/17 (FRI) 11AM, Lecture Hall, College of Natural Sciences (1501, E6-2) / 자연과학대학 공동강의실

Sang-Wook Cheong

Director, Rutgers Center for Emergent Materials, Rutgers University

 

 

Utilizing trilinear coupling of two types of octahedron rotations, hybrid improper ferroelectricity has been theoretically predicted in double layered compounds such as (Ca,Sr,Ba)3(Mn,Ti,Sn,Zr,Ge)2O7. On the other hand, there exists little theoretical prediction on practical properties of the potentially-ferroelectric compounds such as ferroelectric transition temperature, switchability of polarization, and chemical phase stability. We have attempted to fabricate single crystals of some of these compounds, and examined the physical properties of the crystals with the aim of discovering new bulk ferroelectrics with switchable polarization at room temperature. We will discuss the results of our comprehensive experimental investigation.

Ordering of charge/spin/orbital degrees of freedom in complex materials accompanies domains and domain walls associated with the directional variants (Zm) and also antiphases (Zn). In hybrid improper ferroelectric (Ca,Sr,Ba)3(Mn,Ti,Sn,Zr,Ge)2O7, four directional variants with different polarization directions can exist, and each polarization domain has two degenerate antiphases. It turns out that the hybrid improper ferroelectrics tend to exhibit a Z4xZ2 domain structure with Z3 vortices. This can be compared with the Z2xZ3 domain structure with Z6 vortices in hexagonal REMnO3.

 

 

Host: Department of Physics, KAIST
Contact: Prof. Chan-Ho Yang (Ext.2513)

번호 일시 장소 연사 제목
공지 2019/09/18 - 12/5  Seminar Room #1323  Prof. David Schuster and etc.  Fall 2019: Physics Seminar Serises
공지 2019/09/02 - 12/09  Seminar Room 1501  이호성 박사 (한국표준과학연구원) and etc.  Fall 2019: Physics Colloquium
93 Nov. 1 (Fri.), 04:00 PM  E6-2. 1st fl. #1323  Dr. Ju-Jin Kim  Electron transport through weak-bonded contact metal with low dimensional nano-material file
92 Nov. 1 (Tue.) 2:30 pm  Seminar Room #1323(E6-2)  Prof. Youngjoon Kwon, Yonsei Univ.  Search for dark sector particles in the B-factory experiments
91 Nov. 10th(Thu) 4 p.m.  E6-2. #1323(1st fl.)  Prof. Min Seok Jang, Electrical Engineering, KAIST  Low Dimensional Active Plasmonics and Electron Optics in Graphene
90 Nov. 11th (Fri), 4 p.m.  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. Bohm-Jung Yang, SNU  Dirac fermions in condensed matters
89 Nov. 11th(Fri), 1:30 p.m.  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. Keun Su Kim, POSTECH  Bandgap Engineering of Black Phosphorus
88 Nov. 12 (Thu.) 4:00 PM  E6-2 1323  김영덕 (Young Duck Kim) 교수  2020 가을학기 광학분야 특별세미나
87 Nov. 16 (Wed), 4p.m.  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. Heung-Sik Kim , University of Toronto  Realizing Haldane Model in Fe-based Honeycomb Ferromagnetic Insulators
86 Nov. 18th (Fri) 10:30 a.m.  #5318(5th fl.)  Dr. 최 순 원, Havard University  Non-equilibrium many-body spin dynamics in diamond
85 Nov. 1st (Tue), 10:30AM  #1323(E6-2 1st fl.)  Dr. Gadi Eisenstein, Technion  Time scale dependent dynamics in InAs/InP quantum dot gain media
84 Nov. 20 (Fri.), 02:30 PM  Online  Dr. Doohee Cho  Lumpy Cooper pairs in an iron-based superconductor
83 Nov. 20 (Fri.), 04:00 PM  Online  Dr. Dohun Kim  Coherent control of field gradient induced quantum dot spin qubits
82 Nov. 22th (Thur), 15:00  E6 Room(#1323)  Prof. Suprijadi Haryono  Experimental and Computational Study on Physical Properties based on Granular System file
81 NOV. 23 (Fri), 03:00 PM  E6-2. 2st fl. #2501  Prof. Sang-Jin Sin  Entanglement string and Spin Liquid with Holographic duality file
80 Nov. 24(Thu) 4p.m.  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. Jai-Min Choi, Chonbuk National Univiersity  Harmonic oscillator physics with single atoms in a state-selective optical potential
79 Nov. 28 (Tue.), 4:00 PM  #1323 (E6-2. 1st fl.)  Samindranath Mitra, Editor at Physical Review Letters  Physics after the lab and the desk: Your work in PRL file
78 Nov. 29(Tue) 4p.m.  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. SungBin Lee, KAIST  Symmetry Protected Kondo Metals and Their Phase Transitions
77 Nov. 3 (Fri.), 2:30 PM  #1323 (1st fl., E6-2.)  Dr. MinChul Lee(Department of Applied Physics, Kyung Hee Univ.)  Quantum Resistor-Capacitor Circuit with Majorana Edge States file
76 Nov. 3 (Fri.), 4:00 PM  #1323 (1st fl., E6-2.)  Dr. SungDae Ji (Max Planck POSTECH/Hshinchu Center (MPK))  Expedition to the Kitaev Quantum Spin Liquid: Hunting for Majorana fermions file
75 Nov. 8 (Wed.), 1:00 PM  #5318 (E6-2. 5th fl.)  Prof. Y. Matsuda Department of Physics, Kyoto University  “Emergent exotic quasiparticles in quantum spin liquids” file
74 Nov. 9 (Fri.), 02:30 PM  E6-2. 1st fl. #1323  Dr. Pilkyung Moon  Moiré superlattices – from twisted bilayer graphene to quasicrystal file