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장소 #1323(E6-2 1st fl.) 
일시 Jun 1 (Wed) 4 PM 
연사 Kil-Byoung Chai, Caltech 

Laboratory experiments relevant to mesospheric clouds, Saturn’s rings & astrophysical jets

 

Jun 1 (Wed) 4 PM, #1323(E6-2 1st fl.)
Kil-Byoung Chai, Caltech

 

An rf discharge with liquid nitrogen cooled electrodes and injected water vapor has been used to study nucleation, growth, and dynamics of water-ice grains spontaneously formed in a plasma environment. Examples of water-ice dusty plasmas include polar mesospheric clouds, Saturn’s diffusive rings, and protoplanetary disks. We found that fast grain growth to nonspherical shape with up to 5:1 elongation occurs when the water molecule mean free path exceeds the ice grain screening length. Ice grains grow largest in light gas plasmas, up to 500 µm long in hydrogen plasma. Elongated ice grains align along the plasma ambipolar electric field. Microscope images reveal that the ice grains have fractal nature with 1.7 typical fractal dimension. After the growth process ends, poloidal vortex motion of ice grains is observed and is shown to result from the non-conservative ion drag force.

The Caltech jet experiment produces low beta, high Lundquist number, high density (~1022 m-3) MHD-driven plasma jets and so is similar to astrophysical jets and solar corona loops. We have recently studied various phenomena associated with magnetic reconnection induced by a kink-driven Rayleigh-Taylor instability using comprehensive diagnostics. The results of this study include the following: A spatially localized EUV burst is imaged at the presumed position of fast magnetic reconnection in a plasma jet; the existence of this localized EUV burst indicates strong localized electron heating. Circularly polarized high frequency whistler waves are simultaneously observed indicating that Hall dynamics likely governs the reconnection. Spectroscopic measurement shows simultaneous fast ion heating. We propose that the electron heating is consistent with Ohmic dissipation while the ion heating is consistent with ion trajectories becoming stochastic.

 

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공지 Sep.22 2022  E6-1 #1323    2022 가을학기 응집물리 및 광학 세미나 전체 일정
63 June 4 (Tue.), 5:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Prof. Minsu Kim  Stochastic nature of bacterial eradication using antibiotics file
62 May 24 (Fri.), 16:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Prof. Soonjae Moon  Infrared spectroscopy study on metal-insulator transitions in layered perovskite iridates file
61 Apr.19 (Fri.), 11:00 AM  #1323, E6-2  Dr. Ji-Sang Park  First-principles studies of semiconductors for solar cell applications file
60 May 9 (Thu.), 16:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Prof. Kwang Geol Lee  Quantum Optical Sensing Using Single Photons And Single Photon Emission from Single Emitters file
59 May 9 (Thu.), 16:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Prof. Kwang Geol Lee  Quantum Optical Sensing Using Single Photons And Single Photon Emission from Single Emitters file
58 April 4 (Thu.), 16:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Prof. Su-Hyun Gong  Chiral spin-photon interaction at nanoscale file
57 April 23 (Tue.), 4:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Prof. Johan Chang  From Mott physics to high-temperature superconductivity file
56 April 11 (Thu.), 16:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Prof. Joo-Hyoung Lee, GIST  Massive screening for cathode active materials using deep neural network file
55 April 26 (Fri.), 4:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Dr. Soonwon Choi  Robust Quantum Metrology using Strongly Interacting Spin Ensembles and Quantum Convolutional Neural Network file
54 June 17 (Mon.), 10:30 AM  #1323, E6-2  Dr. See-Hun Yang  Chiral Spintronics file
53 May 31 (Fri.), 11:00 AM  #1323, E6-2  Prof. Guido Burkard  Cavity QED with Spin Qubits file
52 May. 8th (Wed), 16:00  E6 Room(#1323)  Jieun Lee  Imaging valley dependent electron transport in 2D semiconductors file
51 May 1 (Wed), 4:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Dr. Sungkyun Choi  Raman and x-ray scattering study on correlated electron systems: two case examples file
50 July 9 (Mon.), 14:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Prof. Cesar A. Hidalgo, MediaLab, MIT  The principles of collective learning file
49 June 28 (Fri.), 13:30 PM  #1323, E6-2  Dr. Yusuke Kozuka  Magnetic domains and domain wall conduction in pyrochlore iridate thin films and heterostructures file
48 May 2 (Thu.), 4:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Prof. Joon Ik Jang  Anomalous optical properties of halide perovskites file
47 January 17 (Fri), 4:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Hiroki Ikegami  Symmetry Breaking and Topology in Superfluid 3He file
46 2019/09/18 - 12/5  Seminar Room #1323  Prof. David Schuster and etc.  Fall 2019: Physics Seminar Serises file
45 Apr. 19(Tue.), 2PM  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Prof. Mark Koepke, Department of Physics and Astronomy, West Virginia University, USA  Nonlocal collisional electron transport in partially ionized plasma generation, structure, and stability
44 Dec. 8(Thu) 4p.m.  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. Jinhyoung Lee, Hanyang University  Dynamical Resonance between Two Optical Cavities via Optomechanical Oscillator