• HOME
  • >
  • 소식
  • >
  • 세미나

KAIST Physics Distinguished Lecture

2015.07.14 10:44

admin 조회 수:2034

장소 E6-2, 1501 
일시 2015/07/16-07/17 
연사 Sang-Wook Cheong (Rutgers Univ.) 

[Lecture1] Multiferroic vortices: why & how do they form?


2015/7/16 (THU) 4PM, Lecture Hall, College of Natural Sciences (1501, E6-2) /자연과학대학 공동강의실

Sang-Wook Cheong

Director, Rutgers Center for Emergent Materials, Rutgers University



Hexagonal REMnO3 (RE= rare earths) with RE=Ho-Lu, Y, and Sc, is an improper ferroelectric where the size mismatch between RE and Mn induces a trimerization-type structural phase transition, and this structural transition leads to three structural domains, each of which can support two directions of ferroelectric polarization. Six different types of domains in h-REMnO3 meet in cloverleaf arrangements that cycle through all possible configurations, Occurring in pairs, the cloverleafs can be viewed as vortices and antivortices, in which the cycle of domain configurations is reversed. Vortices and antivortices are topological defects: even in a strong electric field they won’t annihilate. These ferroelectric vortices/antivortices are found to be associated with intriguing collective magnetism at domain walls, reflecting the multiferroic nature of vortices.


The formation of these multiferroic vortices turns out to be analogous to the formation of cosmic strings right after big bag and also the unbinding of vortex loops in superfluid transition. We will discuss the exact nature of this proliferation process of multiferroic vortices.



[Lecture2] Hybrid Improper Ferroelectrics: Z4xZ2 domains with Z3 vortices


2015/7/17 (FRI) 11AM, Lecture Hall, College of Natural Sciences (1501, E6-2) / 자연과학대학 공동강의실

Sang-Wook Cheong

Director, Rutgers Center for Emergent Materials, Rutgers University



Utilizing trilinear coupling of two types of octahedron rotations, hybrid improper ferroelectricity has been theoretically predicted in double layered compounds such as (Ca,Sr,Ba)3(Mn,Ti,Sn,Zr,Ge)2O7. On the other hand, there exists little theoretical prediction on practical properties of the potentially-ferroelectric compounds such as ferroelectric transition temperature, switchability of polarization, and chemical phase stability. We have attempted to fabricate single crystals of some of these compounds, and examined the physical properties of the crystals with the aim of discovering new bulk ferroelectrics with switchable polarization at room temperature. We will discuss the results of our comprehensive experimental investigation.

Ordering of charge/spin/orbital degrees of freedom in complex materials accompanies domains and domain walls associated with the directional variants (Zm) and also antiphases (Zn). In hybrid improper ferroelectric (Ca,Sr,Ba)3(Mn,Ti,Sn,Zr,Ge)2O7, four directional variants with different polarization directions can exist, and each polarization domain has two degenerate antiphases. It turns out that the hybrid improper ferroelectrics tend to exhibit a Z4xZ2 domain structure with Z3 vortices. This can be compared with the Z2xZ3 domain structure with Z6 vortices in hexagonal REMnO3.



Host: Department of Physics, KAIST
Contact: Prof. Chan-Ho Yang (Ext.2513)

번호 일시 장소 연사 제목
204 Aug. 17(Mon), 20:00~  Zoom webinar  Mark D. Stiles (NIST, USA)  Using magnetic tunnel junctions to compute like the brain file
203 Aug, 25(Tue), 20:00~  Zoom webinar  Mark D. Stiles (NIST, USA)  KAIST Global Forum for Spin and Beyond (Second Forum) file
202 July 26, 2018 at 14:00  Room 5318, KAIST Natural Sciences Lecture Hall(E6).  Manki Kim (Department of Physics, Cornell University)  Inflation in String Theory and Backreaction file
201 Jul 3rd, 2019 (Wed)  E6-2, 2501  Kyung Soo Choi  Many-body quantum electrodynamis (QED) with atoms and photons: A new platform for quantum optics" file
200 Jun 1 (Wed) 4 PM  #1323(E6-2 1st fl.)  Kil-Byoung Chai, Caltech  Laboratory experiments relevant to mesospheric clouds, Saturn’s rings & astrophysical jets
199 2012/02/13-05/14  E6, 1501  Kenji Ohmori (Photo-Molecular Science, IMS)  Physics Colloquium : 2012 Spring
198 August. 6th (TUE), 14:00  E6 Room(#1323)  Kanghyun Chu  Visualization of in-plane piezoresponse vector fields file
197 July 21 - August 2  E6-2,# 5318  Junmou Chen/Thomas Flacke/Kaoru Hagiwara/Junichi Kanzaki/Chris Kelso/Jeong Han Kim/Kyoungchul Kong/Gabriel Lee/Hye-Sung Lee/Ian Lewis  Challenges and Opportunities in Theoretical Particle Physics 2019 file
196 Jan. 25th (Tue), 15:00  E6 #1501/online  Junhyun Lee (Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey)  Emulating twisted double bilayer graphene with a multiorbital optical lattice file
195 Sep10(Tue), 15:00  #2502, E6-2  Jun Ho Son  (2+1) D Duality Web from 3D Euclidean Lattice file
194 Jan 12th (Wed), 11:00 AM  Zoom and E6 #1323  Joonseok Hur (MIT)  Spectroscopic study of trapped ions towards probing dark matter and new physics file
193 August. 16th (Fri), 14:00  E6 Room(#1323)  Jinxing Zhang  Multiferroic and Magnetoelectric Effects by Tailoring Interfacial Chemistry and Physics in Correlated Oxides file
192 May. 17(Mon) 17:00  Zoom webinar  Jing Shi (UC Riverside, USA)  Spin current generation and detection in uniaxial antiferromagnets file
191 May. 8th (Wed), 16:00  E6 Room(#1323)  Jieun Lee  Imaging valley dependent electron transport in 2D semiconductors file
190 May. 8th (Wed), 16:00  E6 Room(#1323)  Jieun Lee  Imaging valley dependent electron transport in 2D semiconductors file
189 June 27 (Thu), 2:00 PM  #2502, E6-2  Hyun-Yong Lee  Gapless Kitaev Spin Liquid to Loop and String Gases file
188 Jun. 16 (Thu) 4PM  #1323(E6-2, 1st fl.)  Hyochul Kim, Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology  Quantum information processing using quantum dots and photonic crystal cavities
187 Dec. 11 (Fri.), 04:00 PM  online  Hyobin Yoo(Sogang Univ.)  Atomic and electronic reconstruction at van der Waals interface in twisted 2D materials
186 August. 1st (Thu), 14:00  E6 Room(#1323)  Hyeok Yoon  Low-density Superconductivity in SrTiO3 Probed by Planar Tunneling Spectroscopy file
185 August 27 (Tue.), 4:00PM  Rm. 1323, E6  Hiroshi Eisaki  Critical current properties of Fe-based superconductors file