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장소 #1323(E6-2 1st fl.) 
일시 Jun 1 (Wed) 4 PM 
연사 Kil-Byoung Chai, Caltech 

Laboratory experiments relevant to mesospheric clouds, Saturn’s rings & astrophysical jets

 

Jun 1 (Wed) 4 PM, #1323(E6-2 1st fl.)
Kil-Byoung Chai, Caltech

 

An rf discharge with liquid nitrogen cooled electrodes and injected water vapor has been used to study nucleation, growth, and dynamics of water-ice grains spontaneously formed in a plasma environment. Examples of water-ice dusty plasmas include polar mesospheric clouds, Saturn’s diffusive rings, and protoplanetary disks. We found that fast grain growth to nonspherical shape with up to 5:1 elongation occurs when the water molecule mean free path exceeds the ice grain screening length. Ice grains grow largest in light gas plasmas, up to 500 µm long in hydrogen plasma. Elongated ice grains align along the plasma ambipolar electric field. Microscope images reveal that the ice grains have fractal nature with 1.7 typical fractal dimension. After the growth process ends, poloidal vortex motion of ice grains is observed and is shown to result from the non-conservative ion drag force.

The Caltech jet experiment produces low beta, high Lundquist number, high density (~1022 m-3) MHD-driven plasma jets and so is similar to astrophysical jets and solar corona loops. We have recently studied various phenomena associated with magnetic reconnection induced by a kink-driven Rayleigh-Taylor instability using comprehensive diagnostics. The results of this study include the following: A spatially localized EUV burst is imaged at the presumed position of fast magnetic reconnection in a plasma jet; the existence of this localized EUV burst indicates strong localized electron heating. Circularly polarized high frequency whistler waves are simultaneously observed indicating that Hall dynamics likely governs the reconnection. Spectroscopic measurement shows simultaneous fast ion heating. We propose that the electron heating is consistent with Ohmic dissipation while the ion heating is consistent with ion trajectories becoming stochastic.

 

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공지 2019/09/02 - 12/09  Seminar Room 1501  이호성 박사 (한국표준과학연구원) and etc.  Fall 2019: Physics Colloquium
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212 2016/03/07-06/13  E6, 1501  Prof. David Helfman(KAIST) 외  Physics Colloquium : 2016 Spring file
211 2015/03/04, 12PM  1323호, E6-2  Prof. Choi Hak-Soo(Harvard)  Bioimaging and Biosensing Using Near-Infrared Fluorescence file
210 May. 3 (Fri), 11:00 AM  E6-2. 2st fl. #2502  Prof. Changhee Sohn  Exotic Magnetism file
209 2014/12/22, 2PM  E6, Rm1319  Prof. Changbong Hyeon (KIAS)  Dynamics of molecular motors: Power stroke vs Brownian ratchet file
208 May 30 (Thu.), 16:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Prof. Chang-Hee Cho  Tuning the excitonic properties of semiconductors with light-matter interactions file
207 July 9 (Mon.), 14:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Prof. Cesar A. Hidalgo, MediaLab, MIT  The principles of collective learning file
206 Mar25(Thur), 04:00PM  Online Seminar (Zoom)  Prof. Atsushi Tokiyasu (Tohoku Univ.)  Search for dark matter axion with Rydberg atoms file
205 Aug. 4, 2016 (Thu.), 2:30 pm  KAIST Natural Science Building (E6-5), EDU 3.0 Room(1st fl.)  Prof. Argyris Nicolaidis  Relational Logic (with applications to Quantum Mechanics, String Theory, Cosmology, Neutrino Oscillations, Statistical Mechanics)
204 2019. 8. 22 4PM & 8. 23 3PM  #1323, E6-2  Prof. Andrew N Cleland  Physics and Applications in Nanoelectronics and Nonomechanics file
203 Dec.9(Wed), 10:00AM  Zoom  Prof. Andrew Geraci (Northwestern University)  Searching for the QCD axion with the ARIADNE experiment file
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201 Oct. 17th (Mon) 11:00 AM  #1323,(E6-2, 1st fl.)  Nguyen Quang Liem, Institute of Materials Science, VAST, Viettnam  IMS and examples of the studies on optoelectronic materials
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199 Dec. 11 (Fri.), 02:30 PM  online  Myung Hwa Jung(Sogang Univ.)  Antisymmetric interlayer exchange coupling in magnetic multilayers
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197 Aug, 25(Tue), 20:00~  Zoom webinar  Mark D. Stiles (NIST, USA)  KAIST Global Forum for Spin and Beyond (Second Forum) file
196 Aug. 17(Mon), 20:00~  Zoom webinar  Mark D. Stiles (NIST, USA)  Using magnetic tunnel junctions to compute like the brain file
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