• HOME
  • >
  • 소식
  • >
  • 세미나

KAIST Physics Distinguished Lecture

2015.07.14 10:44

admin 조회 수:1512

장소 E6-2, 1501 
일시 2015/07/16-07/17 
연사 Sang-Wook Cheong (Rutgers Univ.) 

[Lecture1] Multiferroic vortices: why & how do they form?


2015/7/16 (THU) 4PM, Lecture Hall, College of Natural Sciences (1501, E6-2) /자연과학대학 공동강의실

Sang-Wook Cheong

Director, Rutgers Center for Emergent Materials, Rutgers University



Hexagonal REMnO3 (RE= rare earths) with RE=Ho-Lu, Y, and Sc, is an improper ferroelectric where the size mismatch between RE and Mn induces a trimerization-type structural phase transition, and this structural transition leads to three structural domains, each of which can support two directions of ferroelectric polarization. Six different types of domains in h-REMnO3 meet in cloverleaf arrangements that cycle through all possible configurations, Occurring in pairs, the cloverleafs can be viewed as vortices and antivortices, in which the cycle of domain configurations is reversed. Vortices and antivortices are topological defects: even in a strong electric field they won’t annihilate. These ferroelectric vortices/antivortices are found to be associated with intriguing collective magnetism at domain walls, reflecting the multiferroic nature of vortices.


The formation of these multiferroic vortices turns out to be analogous to the formation of cosmic strings right after big bag and also the unbinding of vortex loops in superfluid transition. We will discuss the exact nature of this proliferation process of multiferroic vortices.



[Lecture2] Hybrid Improper Ferroelectrics: Z4xZ2 domains with Z3 vortices


2015/7/17 (FRI) 11AM, Lecture Hall, College of Natural Sciences (1501, E6-2) / 자연과학대학 공동강의실

Sang-Wook Cheong

Director, Rutgers Center for Emergent Materials, Rutgers University



Utilizing trilinear coupling of two types of octahedron rotations, hybrid improper ferroelectricity has been theoretically predicted in double layered compounds such as (Ca,Sr,Ba)3(Mn,Ti,Sn,Zr,Ge)2O7. On the other hand, there exists little theoretical prediction on practical properties of the potentially-ferroelectric compounds such as ferroelectric transition temperature, switchability of polarization, and chemical phase stability. We have attempted to fabricate single crystals of some of these compounds, and examined the physical properties of the crystals with the aim of discovering new bulk ferroelectrics with switchable polarization at room temperature. We will discuss the results of our comprehensive experimental investigation.

Ordering of charge/spin/orbital degrees of freedom in complex materials accompanies domains and domain walls associated with the directional variants (Zm) and also antiphases (Zn). In hybrid improper ferroelectric (Ca,Sr,Ba)3(Mn,Ti,Sn,Zr,Ge)2O7, four directional variants with different polarization directions can exist, and each polarization domain has two degenerate antiphases. It turns out that the hybrid improper ferroelectrics tend to exhibit a Z4xZ2 domain structure with Z3 vortices. This can be compared with the Z2xZ3 domain structure with Z6 vortices in hexagonal REMnO3.



Host: Department of Physics, KAIST
Contact: Prof. Chan-Ho Yang (Ext.2513)

번호 일시 장소 연사 제목
공지 2019/09/18 - 12/5  Seminar Room #1323  Prof. David Schuster and etc.  Fall 2019: Physics Seminar Serises
공지 2019/09/02 - 12/09  Seminar Room 1501  이호성 박사 (한국표준과학연구원) and etc.  Fall 2019: Physics Colloquium
200 January 17 (Fri), 4:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Hiroki Ikegami  Symmetry Breaking and Topology in Superfluid 3He file
199 February 20 (Thu), 4:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Seunghyun Khim  Unconventional superconductivity in the locally non-centrosymmetric heavy-fermion CeRh2As2 file
198 Oct. 17th (Mon) 11:00 AM  #1323,(E6-2, 1st fl.)  Nguyen Quang Liem, Institute of Materials Science, VAST, Viettnam  IMS and examples of the studies on optoelectronic materials
197 Apr. 28 (Thu.) 3PM  #2501(E6-2. 2nd fl.)  Dr. Chang Hee Sohn, SEOUL NATIONAL UNIVERSITY  Lattice/Spin/Charge Coupling in 5d Pyrochlore Cd2Os2O7
196 December 13 (Fri.), 1:00 PM  #2501, E6-2  Dr. Chang-Jong Kang  Computational Material Designs: Current Status and Future Directions file
195 April 6 (Fri.), 10:00 AM  #2502, E6  박채연 박사  Entanglement and thermalization in many-body systems: recent progress file
194 June 27 (Thu), 2:00 PM  #2502, E6-2  Hyun-Yong Lee  Gapless Kitaev Spin Liquid to Loop and String Gases file
193 Sep10(Tue), 15:00  #2502, E6-2  Jun Ho Son  (2+1) D Duality Web from 3D Euclidean Lattice file
192 November 20 (Wed.), 4:00 PM  #5302, E6-2  Dr. Shigeyuki Ishida  Correlation between superconducting transition temperature and critical current density in irradiated iron-based superconductors file
191 February 21 (Thu.), 16:00 PM  #5313, E6-2  Prof. Diptimoy Ghosh  B-meson charged current anomalies - Theoretical status file
190 Nov. 8 (Wed.), 1:00 PM  #5318 (E6-2. 5th fl.)  Prof. Y. Matsuda Department of Physics, Kyoto University  “Emergent exotic quasiparticles in quantum spin liquids” file
189 Nov. 18th (Fri) 10:30 a.m.  #5318(5th fl.)  Dr. 최 순 원, Havard University  Non-equilibrium many-body spin dynamics in diamond
188 AUG. 31 (Thu.), 2 PM  #5318(E6-2. 5th fl.)  Prof. Hiroaki Ishizuka (The University of Tokyo)  “Berry phase and nonlinear response: photocurrent in noncentrosymmetric insulators and Weyl semimetals” file
187 May 21 (Tue.), 4:00 PM  #5318, E6-2  임준원 박사  Classification of flat bands according to the band-crossing singularity of Bloch wave functions file
186 Dec 27 (Fri), 3:00 PM  #5318, E6-2  Han Gyeol Suh  The superconducting order parameter puzzle of Sr2RuO4 file
185 Feb. 12 (Mon), 3:00pm  #C303, (Creation Hall 3F, KAIST Munji Campus)  Dr. Byeongsu Yang, Kamioka Observatory, Univ. of Tokyo  The recent result of XMASS Experiment
184 2015/03/04, 12PM  1323호, E6-2  Prof. Choi Hak-Soo(Harvard)  Bioimaging and Biosensing Using Near-Infrared Fluorescence file
183 Dec. 12th (Mon)  1:30p.m. #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dongjoon Song , AIST  “Possible symmetry in the phase diagrams of electron- & hole-doped cuprate high-Tc superconductors”
182 Oct. 18 (Tue.), 1:30 PM  1st fl. #1323(E6-2)  Dr. Chan-Ho Yang, Department of Physics, KAIST  "Visualization of oxygen vacancy in motion and the interplay with electronic conduction"