visual
visual

세미나

  • HOME
  • >
  • 소식
  • >
  • 세미나

Non-reciprocal phase transitions

2022.03.28 11:35

admin 조회 수:613

날짜 2022-03-29 10:00 
일시 10AM, 29th Mar. / 13:30 PM, 30th Mar. 
장소 E6 #1501/zoom, E6 #2502/zoom 
연사 Dr. RYO HANAI (APCTP) 
Title: Non-reciprocal phase transitions
presenter Dr. RYO HANAI (APCTP) 
Date: 10AM, 29th Mar. E6 #1501/zoom
        13:30 PM, 30th Mar. E6 #2502/zoom  
 

https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87623324709?pwd=TElFeTZZT2xCZnZ1azV5OEg4N1BjUT09

회의 ID: 876 2332 4709

암호: 125958

 
abstract

Phase transitions are ubiquitous in nature. For equilibrium cases, the celebrated Landau theory has provided great success in describing these phenomena on general grounds. Even for nonequilibrium transitions such as optical bistability, flocking transition, and directed percolation, one can often define Landau’s free energy in a phenomenological way to successfully describe the transition at a meanfield level. In such cases, the nonequilibrium effect is present only through the noise-activated spatial-temporal fluctuations that break the fluctuation-dissipation theorem. Here, by generalizing the Ginzburg-Landau theory to be applicable to driven systems, we introduce a novel class of nonequilibrium phase transitions [1-2] and critical phenomena [3] that does not fall into this class. Remarkably, the discovered phase transition is controlled by spectral singularity called the exceptional points that can only occur by breaking the detailed balance and therefore has no equilibrium counterparts. The emergent collective phenomena range from active time (quasi)crystals to exceptional point enforced pattern formation, hysteresis, to anomalous critical phenomena that exhibit anomalously large phase fluctuations (that diverge at d≤4) and enhanced many-body effects (that become relevant at d<8) [3]. The inherent ingredient to these is the non-reciprocal coupling between the collective modes that arise due to the drive and dissipation.

[1]  M. Fruchart*, R. Hanai*, P. B. Littlewood, and V. Vitelli, Non-reciprocal phase transitions. Nature 592, 363 (2021).

[2]  R. Hanai, A. Edelman, Y. Ohashi, and P. B. Littlewood, Non-Hermitian phase transition from a polariton Bose-Einstein condensate to a photon laser. Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 185301 (2019).

[3]  R. Hanai and P. B. Littlewood, Critical fluctuations at a many-body exceptional point. Phys. Rev. Res. 2, 033018 (2020).
 
번호 날짜 장소 제목
448 2023-03-27 15:00  CAPP Seminar Room C303, Creation Hall, KAIST Munji Campus  A coherent mechanical oscillator pumped by a suspended quantum dot file
447 2023-03-24 11:00  E6-2 #1323  (응집물리 세미나)Floquet simulators of topological surface states in isolation
446 2023-03-22 16:00  E6-2, #2502  (High Energy Theory Seminar) Boltzmann or Bogoliubov? A Case of Gravitational Particle Production
445 2023-03-17 11:00  E6-2 #1323  (응집물리 세미나)Operando electron microscopy investigation of domain dynamics in twisted van der Waals materials file
444 2023-03-16 16:00  E6-2 #1323  2023 봄학기 광학분야 및 응집물리 특별세미나 전체 일정 file
443 2023-03-16 16:00  E6-2 #1323  (광학분야 세미나) Investigation of 3D cell mechanics using refractive-index tomography
442 2023-03-02 11:00  E6-2, #1322  Probing Anomalies of Non-Invertible Symmetries with Symmetry TFTs
441 2023-02-28 11:00  E6 Room(#1322)  Topotactic redox engineering toward novel material file
440 2023-02-27 12:00  E6-1 #1501  2023 봄학기 콜로키움 전체 일정 file
439 2023-02-20 17:00  KI building (E4), Lecture Room Red (B501)  (Optics Seminar) Neural Holography for Next generation Virtual and Augmented Reality Displays file
438 2023-02-20 16:00  Room 1323, KAIST Natural Sciences Lecture Hall(E6)  Physics of ferromagnet/superconductor junctions
437 2023-01-12 16:00  E6-2 #1323  Spin wavepackets in the Kagome ferromagnet Fe3Sn2: propagation and precursors
436 2023-01-12 14:40  E6-2 #1323  JILA 1D Wannier-Stark optical lattice clock file
435 2023-01-11 16:00  E6-2 #1323  Non-abelian anyons and graph gauge theory on a superconducting processor, Eun-Ah Kim (Cornell University/Ewha Womans University)
434 2023-01-11 11:00  E6-2 #1323  Directly proving magnetoelastic coupling in a soft ferromagnet using Lorentz 4D-STEM file
433 2023-01-10 16:00  E6-2 #1323  Terahertz Spectroscopy of Quantum Materials, Jae Hoon Kim (Yonsei University)
432 2023-01-09 16:00  E6-2 #1323  Non-Hermitian Hopf-bundle Matter. Moon Jip Park (IBS-PCS)
431 2022-12-20 16:00  E6-2.1st fl. #1323 & zoom  Studying Baryonic Flow Across the Cosmic Scales Using Radio and Millimeter Wavelength Experiments
430 2022-12-20 16:00  E6-2. #2501  Getting into Biology and Medicine as Physicist
429 2022-12-13 11:00  E6-2 #1322  Art of thin film engineering toward topological quantum computation file