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장소 #1323(E6-2 1st fl.) 
일시 Jun 1 (Wed) 4 PM 
연사 Kil-Byoung Chai, Caltech 

Laboratory experiments relevant to mesospheric clouds, Saturn’s rings & astrophysical jets

 

Jun 1 (Wed) 4 PM, #1323(E6-2 1st fl.)
Kil-Byoung Chai, Caltech

 

An rf discharge with liquid nitrogen cooled electrodes and injected water vapor has been used to study nucleation, growth, and dynamics of water-ice grains spontaneously formed in a plasma environment. Examples of water-ice dusty plasmas include polar mesospheric clouds, Saturn’s diffusive rings, and protoplanetary disks. We found that fast grain growth to nonspherical shape with up to 5:1 elongation occurs when the water molecule mean free path exceeds the ice grain screening length. Ice grains grow largest in light gas plasmas, up to 500 µm long in hydrogen plasma. Elongated ice grains align along the plasma ambipolar electric field. Microscope images reveal that the ice grains have fractal nature with 1.7 typical fractal dimension. After the growth process ends, poloidal vortex motion of ice grains is observed and is shown to result from the non-conservative ion drag force.

The Caltech jet experiment produces low beta, high Lundquist number, high density (~1022 m-3) MHD-driven plasma jets and so is similar to astrophysical jets and solar corona loops. We have recently studied various phenomena associated with magnetic reconnection induced by a kink-driven Rayleigh-Taylor instability using comprehensive diagnostics. The results of this study include the following: A spatially localized EUV burst is imaged at the presumed position of fast magnetic reconnection in a plasma jet; the existence of this localized EUV burst indicates strong localized electron heating. Circularly polarized high frequency whistler waves are simultaneously observed indicating that Hall dynamics likely governs the reconnection. Spectroscopic measurement shows simultaneous fast ion heating. We propose that the electron heating is consistent with Ohmic dissipation while the ion heating is consistent with ion trajectories becoming stochastic.

 

번호 일시 장소 연사 제목
공지 2019/09/18 - 12/5  Seminar Room #1323  Prof. David Schuster and etc.  Fall 2019: Physics Seminar Serises
공지 2019/09/02 - 12/09  Seminar Room 1501  이호성 박사 (한국표준과학연구원) and etc.  Fall 2019: Physics Colloquium
149 2015/11/10, 4PM  E6-2, #1323  Dr. Woosuk Bang (Physics division, Los Alamos National Laboratory)  Rapid heating of matter using high power lasers
148 2015/12/01, 4PM  E6-2, #1323  Dr. Yeong Kwan Kim(Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, USA)  Introducing extra dimensions to spectroscopic studies of advanced quantum materials
147 Sep. 02(Fri) 2:30 PM  E6-2(1st fl.), #1323  Dr. Yong-Hyun Kim,Graduate School of Nanoscience and Technology, KAIST  Nanoscale Thermal Physics: Seebeck Effect and Nanoscale Friction
146 Sep. 02(Fri) 4:00 PM  E6-2(1st fl) #1323  Dr. Yong-Joo Doh, Department of Physics and Photon Science, GIST  Quantum Electrical Transport in Topological Insulator Nanowires
145 October 15 (Mon.), 16:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Dr. Yongjoo Baek  Universal properties of macroscopic current-carrying systems file
144 April 11 (Wed), 1:30pm  #1323 (E6-2, 1st fl.)  Dr. Yongsoo Yang  Probing 3D Structure and Physical Properties of Materials at the Single-Atom Level file
143 May. 12 (Fri.), 01:30 PM  E6-2. 1st fl. #1323  Dr. Young Kuk Kim  Topological Dirac insulator
142 April 11 (Wed), 4:00pm  #1323 (E6-2, 1st fl.)  Dr. Young-Sik Ra  Non-Gaussian states of multimode light generated via hybrid quantum information processing file
141 May 13 (Fri.), 1:30 PM  E6. #1501(1st fl.)  Dr. Young-Woo Son, Dept. of Physics, KIAS  Aperiodic crystals in low dimensions
140 Mar. 16 (Fri.), 04:0 PM  E6-2. 1st fl. #1323  Dr. YoungDuck Kim  Van der Waals Heterostructures from Quantum Transport to Ultrafast Optoelectronics file
139 2015/11/06, 4:30 PM  E6-2, #5318  Dr. Youngkuk Kim (University of Pennsylvania)  Topological Dirac line nodes in centrosymmetric semimetals
138 Apr. 19 (Fri.), 02:30 PM  E6-2. 1st fl. #1323  Dr. YoungWoo Nam  A family of finite-temperature electronic phase transitions in graphene multilayers file
137 Nov. 1 (Fri.), 02:30 PM  E6-2. 1st fl. #1323  Dr. YoungWook Kim  Squeezing the best out of 2D materials file
136 Sep. 26 (Tue.), 11AM  #1323 (E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. Yukiaki Ishida / ISSP, University of Tokyo  Time-resolved ARPES study of Dirac and topological materials
135 Apr. 08 (Fri.), 13:30 PM  E6-2. 1st fl. #1501  Dr. Yunkyu Bang, Chonnam National Univ.  Theoretical Overview of Iron-based superconductors and its future
134 June 28 (Fri.), 13:30 PM  #1323, E6-2  Dr. Yusuke Kozuka  Magnetic domains and domain wall conduction in pyrochlore iridate thin films and heterostructures file
133 Oct. 27th(Thu) 4PM  #1323(E6-2)  Dr. 이 강 희, KAIST, Mechnical Engineering  Terahertz Metal Optics
132 Nov. 18th (Fri) 10:30 a.m.  #5318(5th fl.)  Dr. 최 순 원, Havard University  Non-equilibrium many-body spin dynamics in diamond
131 December 27(Fri.), 15:00  E6-2,#5318  Han Gyeol Suh  The superconducting order parameter puzzle of Sr2RuO4 file
130 Dec 27 (Fri), 3:00 PM  #5318, E6-2  Han Gyeol Suh  The superconducting order parameter puzzle of Sr2RuO4 file