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장소 #1323(E6-2 1st fl.) 
일시 Jun 1 (Wed) 4 PM 
연사 Kil-Byoung Chai, Caltech 

Laboratory experiments relevant to mesospheric clouds, Saturn’s rings & astrophysical jets


Jun 1 (Wed) 4 PM, #1323(E6-2 1st fl.)
Kil-Byoung Chai, Caltech


An rf discharge with liquid nitrogen cooled electrodes and injected water vapor has been used to study nucleation, growth, and dynamics of water-ice grains spontaneously formed in a plasma environment. Examples of water-ice dusty plasmas include polar mesospheric clouds, Saturn’s diffusive rings, and protoplanetary disks. We found that fast grain growth to nonspherical shape with up to 5:1 elongation occurs when the water molecule mean free path exceeds the ice grain screening length. Ice grains grow largest in light gas plasmas, up to 500 µm long in hydrogen plasma. Elongated ice grains align along the plasma ambipolar electric field. Microscope images reveal that the ice grains have fractal nature with 1.7 typical fractal dimension. After the growth process ends, poloidal vortex motion of ice grains is observed and is shown to result from the non-conservative ion drag force.

The Caltech jet experiment produces low beta, high Lundquist number, high density (~1022 m-3) MHD-driven plasma jets and so is similar to astrophysical jets and solar corona loops. We have recently studied various phenomena associated with magnetic reconnection induced by a kink-driven Rayleigh-Taylor instability using comprehensive diagnostics. The results of this study include the following: A spatially localized EUV burst is imaged at the presumed position of fast magnetic reconnection in a plasma jet; the existence of this localized EUV burst indicates strong localized electron heating. Circularly polarized high frequency whistler waves are simultaneously observed indicating that Hall dynamics likely governs the reconnection. Spectroscopic measurement shows simultaneous fast ion heating. We propose that the electron heating is consistent with Ohmic dissipation while the ion heating is consistent with ion trajectories becoming stochastic.


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공지 2019/09/18 - 12/5  Seminar Room #1323  Prof. David Schuster and etc.  Fall 2019: Physics Seminar Serises
공지 2019/09/02 - 12/09  Seminar Room 1501  이호성 박사 (한국표준과학연구원) and etc.  Fall 2019: Physics Colloquium
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292 5월 17일(화), 11:00 ~ 12:00  창의학습관(E11), 406호  방준혁 박사(Korea Basic Science Institute, KBSI)  The CERN Resonant WISP Search: Development, Results and Lesson-Learned
291 Dec. 13-14(Wed.-Thu.) 13:30 PM  자연과학동 대형강의실 (1501호)  장기주 교수 외 9명  KAIST-KIAS Joint Workshop in Theoretical Sciences 개최 file
290 August 1, 2018 at 11:00AM  양분순 빌딩 (E16-1) 207호  이대열 교수, 예일대 석좌교수  Future of AI: Is the brain a computer? file
289 Aug. 17(Mon), 20:00~  Zoom webinar  Mark D. Stiles (NIST, USA)  Using magnetic tunnel junctions to compute like the brain file
288 July 2, 2020 (Thursday)  Zoom Video Conference Seminar  Dr. Emmanuel Flurin (CEA Saclay)  An irreversible qubit-photon coupling for the detection of itinerant microwave photons file
287 Apr. 27, 2017 (Thu) 4:00 pm  Seminar Room(#1323, E6-2)  Prof.Donghan Lee (Chungnam National Univ.)  반도체 양자점을 이용한 단광자 광원
286 2017/03/06 - 05/29  Seminar Room 1501  이종봉 박사 (POSTECH) 외  Spring 2017: Physics Colloquium file
285 2017/03/21 - 06/08  Seminar Room 1323  조길영 박사(KAIST) 외  Spring 2017: Physics Seminar Serises file
284 Thursday, December 14, 2017 at 3:00 pm  Seminar Room (C303), Creation Hall (3F), KAIST Munji Campus  Chunglee Kim (KASI)  Exploring the Universe via GWs in the era of multi-messenger astronomy
283 July 2. 2018 (Monday) 3:00 PM  Seminar Room (C303), Creation Hall (3F), KAIST Munji Campus  Dr. Peter Winter (Argonne National Laboratory)  High Precision Magnetic Field Measurement for the Muon g-2 Experiment file
282 Jun. 14 (Tue) 4PM  Seminar Room (#2502, 2nd fl.)  Young-Sik Ra, Université Pierre et Marie Curie  Photonic quantum network based on multimode squeezed vacuums and single-photon subtraction
281 Nov. 1 (Tue.) 2:30 pm  Seminar Room #1323(E6-2)  Prof. Youngjoon Kwon, Yonsei Univ.  Search for dark sector particles in the B-factory experiments
280 July 13, 2018 at 14:00  Room 5318, KAIST Natural Sciences Lecture Hall(E6).  Prof. Ian Lewis (The University of Kansas, Department of Physics & Astronomy)  Loop Induced Single Top Partner Production and Decay at the LHC
279 July 27, 2018 at 15:00  Room 5318, KAIST Natural Sciences Lecture Hall(E6).  Dr. Hyejung Kim(Technische University Dresden)  Muon g-2 in the 2HDM and MSSM: comprehensive numerical analysis and absolute maxima file
278 July 26, 2018 at 14:00  Room 5318, KAIST Natural Sciences Lecture Hall(E6).  Manki Kim (Department of Physics, Cornell University)  Inflation in String Theory and Backreaction file
277 Thursday, July 12, 2018 at 17:00  Room 5318, KAIST Natural Sciences Lecture Hall(E6)  Dr. Jae Hyeok Yoo (University of California, Santa Barbara, Department of Physics)  The MilliQan Experiment: Search for Milli-Charged Particles at the LHC
276 2015/06/03, 12PM  Room 101, E11  Prof. Min-Kyo, Seo & Hansuek, Lee(KAIST)  The First Wednesday Multidisciplinary Forum file