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장소 #1323(E6-2 1st fl.) 
일시 Jun 1 (Wed) 4 PM 
연사 Kil-Byoung Chai, Caltech 

Laboratory experiments relevant to mesospheric clouds, Saturn’s rings & astrophysical jets

 

Jun 1 (Wed) 4 PM, #1323(E6-2 1st fl.)
Kil-Byoung Chai, Caltech

 

An rf discharge with liquid nitrogen cooled electrodes and injected water vapor has been used to study nucleation, growth, and dynamics of water-ice grains spontaneously formed in a plasma environment. Examples of water-ice dusty plasmas include polar mesospheric clouds, Saturn’s diffusive rings, and protoplanetary disks. We found that fast grain growth to nonspherical shape with up to 5:1 elongation occurs when the water molecule mean free path exceeds the ice grain screening length. Ice grains grow largest in light gas plasmas, up to 500 µm long in hydrogen plasma. Elongated ice grains align along the plasma ambipolar electric field. Microscope images reveal that the ice grains have fractal nature with 1.7 typical fractal dimension. After the growth process ends, poloidal vortex motion of ice grains is observed and is shown to result from the non-conservative ion drag force.

The Caltech jet experiment produces low beta, high Lundquist number, high density (~1022 m-3) MHD-driven plasma jets and so is similar to astrophysical jets and solar corona loops. We have recently studied various phenomena associated with magnetic reconnection induced by a kink-driven Rayleigh-Taylor instability using comprehensive diagnostics. The results of this study include the following: A spatially localized EUV burst is imaged at the presumed position of fast magnetic reconnection in a plasma jet; the existence of this localized EUV burst indicates strong localized electron heating. Circularly polarized high frequency whistler waves are simultaneously observed indicating that Hall dynamics likely governs the reconnection. Spectroscopic measurement shows simultaneous fast ion heating. We propose that the electron heating is consistent with Ohmic dissipation while the ion heating is consistent with ion trajectories becoming stochastic.

 

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공지 2019/09/02 - 12/09  Seminar Room 1501  이호성 박사 (한국표준과학연구원) and etc.  Fall 2019: Physics Colloquium
161 2011/05/16, 4PM  E6, 1501  서민교교수(KAIST)  Photonics with surface plasmon polaritons
160 2011/09/03-12/06  E6, 1501  김용균교수(한양대) 외  Physics Colloquium : 2011 Fall file
159 2012/02/13-05/14  E6, 1501  Kenji Ohmori (Photo-Molecular Science, IMS)  Physics Colloquium : 2012 Spring
158 2012/04/02, 4PM  E6, 1501  Yong Hee Jeong  A new route to ferroelectricity in magnetic spinels: a case of Co2MnO4
157 2013/03/11-06/10  E6, 1501  강명수교수(KAIST) 외  Physics Colloquium : 2013 Spring
156 2013/09/09-12/09  E6, 1501  박혁규교수(부산대) 외  Physics Colloquium : 2013 Fall
155 2014/03/10-06/09  E6, 1501  신용일교수(서울대)  Physics Colloquium : 2014 Spring file
154 2015/09/15-12/08  E6, 1501  박제근 교수(서울대 물리학과) 외12명  Physics Colloquium : 2014 Fall file
153 2015/03/09-06/08  E6, 1501  최현용교수(연세대) 외12명  Physics Colloquium : 2015 Spring file
152 2015/09/07-12/01  E6, 1501  문은국 교수(KAIST) 외  Physics Colloquium : 2015 Fall file
151 2016/03/07-06/13  E6, 1501  Prof. David Helfman(KAIST) 외  Physics Colloquium : 2016 Spring file
150 2014/12/22, 2PM  E6, Rm1319  Prof. Changbong Hyeon (KIAS)  Dynamics of molecular motors: Power stroke vs Brownian ratchet file
149 October 24 (Wed.), 10:30 AM  E6-1, Lecture Room 1501(1F)  Prof. Kerry J. Vahala  Photonic integration of next-generation clocks and Hertz-absolute-accuarcy optical frequenncy synthesizers file
148 DEC. 26 (Wed), 04:00 PM  E6-1. 3rd fl. #3434  Y. Kim, A. Go, K. Hwang and E.-G. Moon  Informal Workshop on Topology and Correlation file
147 Oct. 10(Tue) 4PM  E6-2 #1323  김성웅 교수 (성균관대학교 에너지과학과)  Discovery of New 2D Materials with Diverse Physical Properties
146 Sep. 29th(Thu), 4PM  E6-2 #1323 (1st floor)  Dr. Sangyoon Han, Department of Physics, KAIST  Large-scale Silicon Photonic MEMS Switches
145 Sep. 02(Fri) 4:00 PM  E6-2(1st fl) #1323  Dr. Yong-Joo Doh, Department of Physics and Photon Science, GIST  Quantum Electrical Transport in Topological Insulator Nanowires
144 Sep. 02(Fri) 2:30 PM  E6-2(1st fl.), #1323  Dr. Yong-Hyun Kim,Graduate School of Nanoscience and Technology, KAIST  Nanoscale Thermal Physics: Seebeck Effect and Nanoscale Friction
143 Jun 28, 14:00  E6-2, #1322  Dr. Bongjae Kim, Dr. Sooran Kim, Dr. Jeongwoon Hwang  1st Research-exchange meeting of computational material physics file
142 2015/11/10, 4PM  E6-2, #1323  Dr. Woosuk Bang (Physics division, Los Alamos National Laboratory)  Rapid heating of matter using high power lasers