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장소 #1323(E6-2 1st fl.) 
일시 Jun 1 (Wed) 4 PM 
연사 Kil-Byoung Chai, Caltech 

Laboratory experiments relevant to mesospheric clouds, Saturn’s rings & astrophysical jets

 

Jun 1 (Wed) 4 PM, #1323(E6-2 1st fl.)
Kil-Byoung Chai, Caltech

 

An rf discharge with liquid nitrogen cooled electrodes and injected water vapor has been used to study nucleation, growth, and dynamics of water-ice grains spontaneously formed in a plasma environment. Examples of water-ice dusty plasmas include polar mesospheric clouds, Saturn’s diffusive rings, and protoplanetary disks. We found that fast grain growth to nonspherical shape with up to 5:1 elongation occurs when the water molecule mean free path exceeds the ice grain screening length. Ice grains grow largest in light gas plasmas, up to 500 µm long in hydrogen plasma. Elongated ice grains align along the plasma ambipolar electric field. Microscope images reveal that the ice grains have fractal nature with 1.7 typical fractal dimension. After the growth process ends, poloidal vortex motion of ice grains is observed and is shown to result from the non-conservative ion drag force.

The Caltech jet experiment produces low beta, high Lundquist number, high density (~1022 m-3) MHD-driven plasma jets and so is similar to astrophysical jets and solar corona loops. We have recently studied various phenomena associated with magnetic reconnection induced by a kink-driven Rayleigh-Taylor instability using comprehensive diagnostics. The results of this study include the following: A spatially localized EUV burst is imaged at the presumed position of fast magnetic reconnection in a plasma jet; the existence of this localized EUV burst indicates strong localized electron heating. Circularly polarized high frequency whistler waves are simultaneously observed indicating that Hall dynamics likely governs the reconnection. Spectroscopic measurement shows simultaneous fast ion heating. We propose that the electron heating is consistent with Ohmic dissipation while the ion heating is consistent with ion trajectories becoming stochastic.

 

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172 2015/12/09, 2PM  E6-2, #1323  Arjun G. Yodh (University of Pennsylvania)  SWELLABLE COLLOIDAL PARTICLES ARE SWELL
171 2015/12/03, 4PM  E6-2, #1323  Dr. Sang-Yun Lee (3rd institute of Physics, University of Stuttgart, Germany)  Hybrid solid state spin qubits in wide bandgap semiconductors
170 2015/12/02, 4PM  E6-2, #1323  Dr. Dae-Jeong Kim (Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Irvine)  Samarium Hexaboride: Is it a Topological insulator?
169 2015/12/01, 4PM  E6-2, #1323  Dr. Yeong Kwan Kim(Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, USA)  Introducing extra dimensions to spectroscopic studies of advanced quantum materials
168 2015/11/28, 10AM  E6-2, #1323  Dr. Suyong Jung (Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science)  Electron Tunneling Spectroscopy of Single and Bilayer Graphene with Hexagonal Boron Nitride as Tunneling Barrier
167 2015/11/23, 1:30PM  E6-2, #1323  Dr. Michael Park (Stanford University)  What's Beyond the Standard Model? Lessons from Run I and what might come in Run II
166 2015/11/19, 4PM  E6-2, #1323  Dr. Daesu Lee (University of Wisconsin-Madison)  Emergent Collective Phenomena and Functions at Reduced Dimensions
165 2015/11/24, 4PM  E6-2, #1323  Dr. Kab-Jin Kim (Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto University, Japan)  Topology-based understanding of spin dynamics in inhomogeneously magnetized systems
164 2015/11/10, 4PM  E6-2, #1323  Dr. Woosuk Bang (Physics division, Los Alamos National Laboratory)  Rapid heating of matter using high power lasers
163 Jun 28, 14:00  E6-2, #1322  Dr. Bongjae Kim, Dr. Sooran Kim, Dr. Jeongwoon Hwang  1st Research-exchange meeting of computational material physics file
162 Sep. 02(Fri) 2:30 PM  E6-2(1st fl.), #1323  Dr. Yong-Hyun Kim,Graduate School of Nanoscience and Technology, KAIST  Nanoscale Thermal Physics: Seebeck Effect and Nanoscale Friction
161 Sep. 02(Fri) 4:00 PM  E6-2(1st fl) #1323  Dr. Yong-Joo Doh, Department of Physics and Photon Science, GIST  Quantum Electrical Transport in Topological Insulator Nanowires
160 Nov. 12 (Thu.) 4:00 PM  E6-2 1323  김영덕 (Young Duck Kim) 교수  2020 가을학기 광학분야 특별세미나
159 Sep. 29th(Thu), 4PM  E6-2 #1323 (1st floor)  Dr. Sangyoon Han, Department of Physics, KAIST  Large-scale Silicon Photonic MEMS Switches
158 Oct 23 (Fri.), 14:00 PM  E6-2 #1323  Prof. Ivan Savenko (University of Science and Technology & IBS PCS)  Plasmon spectroscopy of low-dimensional superconductors in fluctuating regime file
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