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장소 #1323(E6-2 1st fl.) 
일시 Jun 1 (Wed) 4 PM 
연사 Kil-Byoung Chai, Caltech 

Laboratory experiments relevant to mesospheric clouds, Saturn’s rings & astrophysical jets

 

Jun 1 (Wed) 4 PM, #1323(E6-2 1st fl.)
Kil-Byoung Chai, Caltech

 

An rf discharge with liquid nitrogen cooled electrodes and injected water vapor has been used to study nucleation, growth, and dynamics of water-ice grains spontaneously formed in a plasma environment. Examples of water-ice dusty plasmas include polar mesospheric clouds, Saturn’s diffusive rings, and protoplanetary disks. We found that fast grain growth to nonspherical shape with up to 5:1 elongation occurs when the water molecule mean free path exceeds the ice grain screening length. Ice grains grow largest in light gas plasmas, up to 500 µm long in hydrogen plasma. Elongated ice grains align along the plasma ambipolar electric field. Microscope images reveal that the ice grains have fractal nature with 1.7 typical fractal dimension. After the growth process ends, poloidal vortex motion of ice grains is observed and is shown to result from the non-conservative ion drag force.

The Caltech jet experiment produces low beta, high Lundquist number, high density (~1022 m-3) MHD-driven plasma jets and so is similar to astrophysical jets and solar corona loops. We have recently studied various phenomena associated with magnetic reconnection induced by a kink-driven Rayleigh-Taylor instability using comprehensive diagnostics. The results of this study include the following: A spatially localized EUV burst is imaged at the presumed position of fast magnetic reconnection in a plasma jet; the existence of this localized EUV burst indicates strong localized electron heating. Circularly polarized high frequency whistler waves are simultaneously observed indicating that Hall dynamics likely governs the reconnection. Spectroscopic measurement shows simultaneous fast ion heating. We propose that the electron heating is consistent with Ohmic dissipation while the ion heating is consistent with ion trajectories becoming stochastic.

 

번호 일시 장소 연사 제목
공지 2019/03/21 - 5/30  Seminar Room #1323  Dr. Hyangtag Lim (KIST) and etc.  Spring 2019: Physics Seminar Serises
공지 2019/02/25 - 06/03  Seminar Room 1501  양용수 교수 (Prof. Yongsoo Yang, KAIST) and etc.  Spring 2019: Physics Colloquium
28 #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Jul. 10th (Mon), 4pm  Dr. Duk Young Kim Los Alamos National Laboratory  “Intertwined Orders in a Heavy-fermion metal” file
27 Nov. 9 (Fri.), 04:00 PM  E6-2. 1st fl. #1323  Dr. Donghun Lee  Quantum sensing and imaging with diamond defect centers for nano-scale spin physics file
26 Nov. 04 (Fri), 3:00 PM  E6-2. #1323(1st fl.)  Dr. Dohun Kim, Department of Physics and Astronomy, SNU  Quantum information experiments using few electron spins in semiconductors
25 September 5 (Wed.), 16:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Dr. Dirk Wulferding  Shining a light on fractional excitations file
24 June 22 (Fri.), 04:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Dr. Daniel Sando  Tuning functional properties of BiFeO3 films using strain and growth chemistry file
23 Oct. 12 (Fri.), 02:30 PM  E6-2. 1st fl. #1323  Dr. Daniel Kyungdeock Park  Quantum Advantage in Learning Parity with Noise file
22 May 16, 2016 (Mon) 4PM  #1323(E6-2, 1st Fl.)  Dr. Daniel Bowring , Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory  Tuning microwave cavities with biased nonlinear dielectrics for axion searches
21 2015/11/19, 4PM  E6-2, #1323  Dr. Daesu Lee (University of Wisconsin-Madison)  Emergent Collective Phenomena and Functions at Reduced Dimensions
20 2015/12/02, 4PM  E6-2, #1323  Dr. Dae-Jeong Kim (Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Irvine)  Samarium Hexaboride: Is it a Topological insulator?
19 Oct. 07 (Fri), 4:00 PM  E6-2. #1323(1st fl.)  Dr. Choong Hyun Kim,IBS-CCES, Seoul National University  “Tilt engineering of 4d and 5d transition metal oxides?”
18 Apr. 08 (Fri.), 4:00 PM  E6-2. 5st fl. #1501  Dr. Changyoung Kim, SEOUL NATIONAL UNIV.  Spectroscopic studies of iron-based superconductors : what have we learned?
17 Sep. 4 (Tue), 02:30 PM  E6-2. 2st fl. #2502  Dr. Changmin Lee, MIT  Ultrafast time- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (tr-ARPES) with extreme ultraviolet laser pulses file
16 Apr. 28 (Thu.) 3PM  #2501(E6-2. 2nd fl.)  Dr. Chang Hee Sohn, SEOUL NATIONAL UNIVERSITY  Lattice/Spin/Charge Coupling in 5d Pyrochlore Cd2Os2O7
15 Oct. 18 (Tue.), 1:30 PM  1st fl. #1323(E6-2)  Dr. Chan-Ho Yang, Department of Physics, KAIST  "Visualization of oxygen vacancy in motion and the interplay with electronic conduction"
14 JAN. 7 (Mon), 03:00 PM  E6-2. 2st fl. #2501  Dr. Byoung min Kang  Many-Body Invariants for Multipoles in Higher-Order Topological Insulators file
13 Feb. 12 (Mon), 3:00pm  #C303, (Creation Hall 3F, KAIST Munji Campus)  Dr. Byeongsu Yang, Kamioka Observatory, Univ. of Tokyo  The recent result of XMASS Experiment
12 May 11 (Wed.), 4 PM  E6-2. #1323(1st fl.)  Dr. Bumjoon Kim, Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research  The quest for novel high-temperature superconductors---Prospects and progress in iridates
11 Jun 28, 14:00  E6-2, #1322  Dr. Bongjae Kim, Dr. Sooran Kim, Dr. Jeongwoon Hwang  1st Research-exchange meeting of computational material physics file
10 Nov. 11th (Fri), 4 p.m.  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. Bohm-Jung Yang, SNU  Dirac fermions in condensed matters
9 2016/1/11, 4PM  E6-2, #1323  Dr. B.J.Kim (Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research)  Mott Physics in the Strong Spin-Orbit Coupling Regime