visual
visual

세미나

  • HOME
  • >
  • 소식
  • >
  • 세미나

KAIST Physics Distinguished Lecture

2015.07.14 10:44

admin 조회 수:1485

장소 E6-2, 1501 
일시 2015/07/16-07/17 
연사 Sang-Wook Cheong (Rutgers Univ.) 

[Lecture1] Multiferroic vortices: why & how do they form?

 

2015/7/16 (THU) 4PM, Lecture Hall, College of Natural Sciences (1501, E6-2) /자연과학대학 공동강의실

Sang-Wook Cheong

Director, Rutgers Center for Emergent Materials, Rutgers University

 

 

Hexagonal REMnO3 (RE= rare earths) with RE=Ho-Lu, Y, and Sc, is an improper ferroelectric where the size mismatch between RE and Mn induces a trimerization-type structural phase transition, and this structural transition leads to three structural domains, each of which can support two directions of ferroelectric polarization. Six different types of domains in h-REMnO3 meet in cloverleaf arrangements that cycle through all possible configurations, Occurring in pairs, the cloverleafs can be viewed as vortices and antivortices, in which the cycle of domain configurations is reversed. Vortices and antivortices are topological defects: even in a strong electric field they won’t annihilate. These ferroelectric vortices/antivortices are found to be associated with intriguing collective magnetism at domain walls, reflecting the multiferroic nature of vortices.

 

The formation of these multiferroic vortices turns out to be analogous to the formation of cosmic strings right after big bag and also the unbinding of vortex loops in superfluid transition. We will discuss the exact nature of this proliferation process of multiferroic vortices.

 

 

[Lecture2] Hybrid Improper Ferroelectrics: Z4xZ2 domains with Z3 vortices

 

2015/7/17 (FRI) 11AM, Lecture Hall, College of Natural Sciences (1501, E6-2) / 자연과학대학 공동강의실

Sang-Wook Cheong

Director, Rutgers Center for Emergent Materials, Rutgers University

 

 

Utilizing trilinear coupling of two types of octahedron rotations, hybrid improper ferroelectricity has been theoretically predicted in double layered compounds such as (Ca,Sr,Ba)3(Mn,Ti,Sn,Zr,Ge)2O7. On the other hand, there exists little theoretical prediction on practical properties of the potentially-ferroelectric compounds such as ferroelectric transition temperature, switchability of polarization, and chemical phase stability. We have attempted to fabricate single crystals of some of these compounds, and examined the physical properties of the crystals with the aim of discovering new bulk ferroelectrics with switchable polarization at room temperature. We will discuss the results of our comprehensive experimental investigation.

Ordering of charge/spin/orbital degrees of freedom in complex materials accompanies domains and domain walls associated with the directional variants (Zm) and also antiphases (Zn). In hybrid improper ferroelectric (Ca,Sr,Ba)3(Mn,Ti,Sn,Zr,Ge)2O7, four directional variants with different polarization directions can exist, and each polarization domain has two degenerate antiphases. It turns out that the hybrid improper ferroelectrics tend to exhibit a Z4xZ2 domain structure with Z3 vortices. This can be compared with the Z2xZ3 domain structure with Z6 vortices in hexagonal REMnO3.

 

 

Host: Department of Physics, KAIST
Contact: Prof. Chan-Ho Yang (Ext.2513)

번호 일시 장소 연사 제목
공지 2019/03/21 - 5/30  Seminar Room #1323  Dr. Hyangtag Lim (KIST) and etc.  Spring 2019: Physics Seminar Serises
공지 2019/02/25 - 06/03  Seminar Room 1501  양용수 교수 (Prof. Yongsoo Yang, KAIST) and etc.  Spring 2019: Physics Colloquium
171 May 16, 2016 (Mon) 4PM  #1323(E6-2, 1st Fl.)  Dr. Daniel Bowring , Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory  Tuning microwave cavities with biased nonlinear dielectrics for axion searches
170 May 13 (Fri.), 1:30 PM  E6. #1501(1st fl.)  Dr. Young-Woo Son, Dept. of Physics, KIAS  Aperiodic crystals in low dimensions
169 May 13 (Fri.) 4 PM  E6. #1501(1st fl.)  Dr. Hosub Jin, Dept. of Physics, UNIST  Graphene analogue in (111)- BaBiO3 bilayer heterostructures for topological electronics
168 May 11 (Wed.), 4 PM  E6-2. #1323(1st fl.)  Dr. Bumjoon Kim, Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research  The quest for novel high-temperature superconductors---Prospects and progress in iridates
167 May 1 (Wed), 4:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Dr. Sungkyun Choi  Raman and x-ray scattering study on correlated electron systems: two case examples file
166 Mar. 2nd (Thu), 4:00 p.m  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. Jonathan Denlinger, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab  “Progress in the comparison of ARPES to DMFT for d and f strongly correlated electron systems”
165 Mar. 29 (Fri.), 04:00 PM  E6-2. 1st fl. #1323  Dr. Taeyoung Choi  Coherent Quantum Control and Magnetism on atoms – Trapped ion and ESR STM file
164 Mar. 29 (Fri.), 02:30 PM  E6-2. 1st fl. #1323  Dr. Seung Hyub Baek  Epitaxial Multifunctional Oxide Thin Films for Novel Electronics file
163 MAR. 26 (TUE), 0300 PM  E6-2. 2st fl. #2501  Prof. Jung Hoon Han  Consideration of thermal Hall effect in frustrated and un-frustrated quantum magnets file
162 Mar. 24 (Fri.), 4:00 PM  #1323 (1st fl. E6-2)  Dr. SangWook Lee  Graphene based nano electronics and nano electromechanics; focusing on precise control of nano structures for studying accurate physical properties
161 Mar. 24 (Fri.), 2:30 PM  #1323 (1st fl. E6-2).  Dr. MahnSoo Choi  Topological Dynamics
160 Mar. 16 (Fri.), 04:0 PM  E6-2. 1st fl. #1323  Dr. YoungDuck Kim  Van der Waals Heterostructures from Quantum Transport to Ultrafast Optoelectronics file
159 Mar. 16 (Fri.), 02:30 PM  E6-2. 1st fl. #1323  Dr. JinHee Kim  산화물 다층박막에서의 다양한 물리현상 file
158 June 4 (Tue.), 5:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Prof. Minsu Kim  Stochastic nature of bacterial eradication using antibiotics file
157 June 28 (Fri.), 13:30 PM  #1323, E6-2  Dr. Yusuke Kozuka  Magnetic domains and domain wall conduction in pyrochlore iridate thin films and heterostructures file
156 June 27 (Wed.), 13:30 PM  #1323, E6-2  Dr. Jung Sik Park  Magnetic reversal of artificial spin ice file
155 June 27 (Thu), 2:00 PM  #2502, E6-2  Hyun-Yong Lee  Gapless Kitaev Spin Liquid to Loop and String Gases file
154 June 22 (Fri.), 04:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Dr. Daniel Sando  Tuning functional properties of BiFeO3 films using strain and growth chemistry file
153 June 17 (Mon.), 10:30 AM  #1323, E6-2  Dr. See-Hun Yang  Chiral Spintronics file
152 June 14, 2016 (Tue) 3PM  #1323 (E6-2 1st fl.)  Prof. Seungyong Hahn, Florida State University  No-Insulation High Temperature Superconductor Magnet Technology for Compact, Reliable, and Low-Cost High Field DC Magnets