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장소 E6-2. 2nd fl. #2501 
일시 2015/09/14, 2PM 
연사 Dr. Hae Ja Lee ( Stanford University, SLAC ) 

Ultrafast X-ray Studies on Dynamics Matter in Extreme Conditions

 

2015/09/14(Mon) 2PM, E6-2. 2nd fl. #2501
Dr. Hae Ja Lee,  Stanford University, SLAC


Investigation of matter properties in extreme thermodynamic conditions has attracted numerous experimental and theoretical work motivated by its implication in shock wave physics, high pressure physic, geoscience, dense plasmas, warm dense matter, x-ray and laser created plasmas, and astrophysically relevant plasmas. Static compression studies using diamond anvil cells and synchrotron light source have revealed structural phase transitions of crystalline material under high pressure. Recent shock compression studies at high power optical laser facilities have accomplished measurements of material properties in extreme conditions beyond pressures generated by diamond anvil cells. In particular, dynamic compression experiments have contributed to produce and probe a broad range of extreme conditions on very short time scales. However, the understanding the atomic-level dynamic response of material under such conditions are not well understood yet. 
The LCLS free electron laser providing femtosecond pulses of keV x-rays with sufficient brilliance (~1012 photons /pulse) is well suited to examine dynamic responses in materials subject to a broad range of peak stresses (~ 5 GPa to above 100 GPa) and time durations (10s fs up to several hundred ns). Development of advanced diagnostic technique using LCLS beam permits experiments in the regimes of interest at the time and spatial scales of the simulations. This talk will present state-of-the-art experimental platform at MEC endstation and address phase transitions and dynamic responses of several materials including Bi, Si, SiO2 during shock loading. I will also look into the potential to advance our knowledge of the dynamic behavior.

 

Contact: EunJung Jo, Physics Dept., (jojo@kaist.ac.kr)

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57 October 18 (Thu.), 10:00 AM  #1323, E6-2  Dr. Duyoung Min  Understanding membrane protein folding using single-molecule force techniques file
56 October 16 (Tue.), 10:00 AM  #1323, E6-2  Dr. Won-Ki Cho  Capturing protein cluster dynamics and gene expression output in live cells file
55 October 15 (Mon.), 16:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Dr. Yongjoo Baek  Universal properties of macroscopic current-carrying systems file
54 October 11 (Thu.), 16:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Prof. Joung-Real Ahn  Dirac electrons in a graphene quasicrystal file
53 October 4 (Thu.), 16:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Prof. Soo Jin Kim  Engineering light absorption in an ultrathin semiconductor metafilm file
52 September 20 (Thu.), 16:00  #1323, E6-2  Prof. Joo-Hiuk Son  Toward Cancer Treatment Using Terahertz Radiation: Demethylation of Cancer DNA file
51 September 5 (Wed.), 16:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Dr. Dirk Wulferding  Shining a light on fractional excitations file
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48 May 311 (Thu.), 04:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Prof. Teun-Teun Kim  Dynamic control of optical properties with gated-graphene metamaterials file
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46 May 9 (Wed.), 04:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Prof. Jong-Soo Rhyee  Recent advances in thermoelectric bulk composites file
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44 Feb. 1 (Wed.), 2p.m.  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. Michihisa Yamamoto, Department of Applied Physics, The University of Tokyo  Quantum electron optics using flying electrons
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42 Dec. 8(Thu) 4p.m.  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. Jinhyoung Lee, Hanyang University  Dynamical Resonance between Two Optical Cavities via Optomechanical Oscillator
41 Nov. 29(Tue) 4p.m.  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. SungBin Lee, KAIST  Symmetry Protected Kondo Metals and Their Phase Transitions
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