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장소 #1323(E6-2 1st fl.) 
일시 Jun 1 (Wed) 4 PM 
연사 Kil-Byoung Chai, Caltech 

Laboratory experiments relevant to mesospheric clouds, Saturn’s rings & astrophysical jets


Jun 1 (Wed) 4 PM, #1323(E6-2 1st fl.)
Kil-Byoung Chai, Caltech


An rf discharge with liquid nitrogen cooled electrodes and injected water vapor has been used to study nucleation, growth, and dynamics of water-ice grains spontaneously formed in a plasma environment. Examples of water-ice dusty plasmas include polar mesospheric clouds, Saturn’s diffusive rings, and protoplanetary disks. We found that fast grain growth to nonspherical shape with up to 5:1 elongation occurs when the water molecule mean free path exceeds the ice grain screening length. Ice grains grow largest in light gas plasmas, up to 500 µm long in hydrogen plasma. Elongated ice grains align along the plasma ambipolar electric field. Microscope images reveal that the ice grains have fractal nature with 1.7 typical fractal dimension. After the growth process ends, poloidal vortex motion of ice grains is observed and is shown to result from the non-conservative ion drag force.

The Caltech jet experiment produces low beta, high Lundquist number, high density (~1022 m-3) MHD-driven plasma jets and so is similar to astrophysical jets and solar corona loops. We have recently studied various phenomena associated with magnetic reconnection induced by a kink-driven Rayleigh-Taylor instability using comprehensive diagnostics. The results of this study include the following: A spatially localized EUV burst is imaged at the presumed position of fast magnetic reconnection in a plasma jet; the existence of this localized EUV burst indicates strong localized electron heating. Circularly polarized high frequency whistler waves are simultaneously observed indicating that Hall dynamics likely governs the reconnection. Spectroscopic measurement shows simultaneous fast ion heating. We propose that the electron heating is consistent with Ohmic dissipation while the ion heating is consistent with ion trajectories becoming stochastic.


번호 일시 장소 연사 제목
공지 2019/09/18 - 12/5  Seminar Room #1323  Prof. David Schuster and etc.  Fall 2019: Physics Seminar Serises
공지 2019/09/02 - 12/09  Seminar Room 1501  이호성 박사 (한국표준과학연구원) and etc.  Fall 2019: Physics Colloquium
118 August. 1st (Thu), 14:00  E6 Room(#1323)  Hyeok Yoon  Low-density Superconductivity in SrTiO3 Probed by Planar Tunneling Spectroscopy file
117 August. 16th (Fri), 14:00  E6 Room(#1323)  Jinxing Zhang  Multiferroic and Magnetoelectric Effects by Tailoring Interfacial Chemistry and Physics in Correlated Oxides file
116 August. 14th (Wed.), 4:00PM,  Rm. 1323, E6  Prof. Nicolas Treps  Quantum Optics, at the heart of quantum metrology and quantum information file
115 August 27 (Tue.), 4:00PM  Rm. 1323, E6  Hiroshi Eisaki  Critical current properties of Fe-based superconductors file
114 August 1, 2018 at 11:00AM  양분순 빌딩 (E16-1) 207호  이대열 교수, 예일대 석좌교수  Future of AI: Is the brain a computer? file
113 Aug. 4, 2016 (Thu.), 2:30 pm  KAIST Natural Science Building (E6-5), EDU 3.0 Room(1st fl.)  Prof. Argyris Nicolaidis  Relational Logic (with applications to Quantum Mechanics, String Theory, Cosmology, Neutrino Oscillations, Statistical Mechanics)
112 AUG. 31 (Thu.), 2 PM  #5318(E6-2. 5th fl.)  Prof. Hiroaki Ishizuka (The University of Tokyo)  “Berry phase and nonlinear response: photocurrent in noncentrosymmetric insulators and Weyl semimetals” file
111 Aug. 17(Mon), 20:00~  Zoom webinar  Mark D. Stiles (NIST, USA)  Using magnetic tunnel junctions to compute like the brain file
110 Aug. 16 (Wed.), 4 PM  #1322 (E6-2. 1st fl.)  Prof. Noejung Park (UNIST)  Phonon-driven spin-Floquet valleytro-magnetism file
109 Aug, 25(Tue), 20:00~  Zoom webinar  Mark D. Stiles (NIST, USA)  KAIST Global Forum for Spin and Beyond (Second Forum) file
108 April 6, 2017 (Thu), 4:00 pm  IBS CAPP seminar room, Creation Hall (3F), KAIST Munji Campus  Prof. Youngjoon Kwon (Yonsei University)  For whom the Belle tolls
107 April 6, 2016 (Wed), 3:30 PM  E6-2, RM #1323  Dr. Andrei Matlashov (Los Alamos National Laboratory)  Superconducting Quantum Interference Devices for Precision Detection
106 April 6 (Fri.), 10:00 AM  #2502, E6  박채연 박사  Entanglement and thermalization in many-body systems: recent progress file
105 April 5th 2017, 12:00 ~ 13:00  Room 101, Creative Learning Bldg.(E11)  Prof. Wonho Choe(Dept. of Physics),Prof. Young-chul GHIM(Dept. of Nuclear & Quantum Engineering)  2017년 4월 첫수 융합포럼 개최 안내(물리학과 & 원자력 및 양자공학과 공동 개최)/The First Wednesday Multidisciplinary Forum in April 2017 organized by Dept. of Physics & Dept. of Nuclear & Quantum Engineering file
104 April 4, 2016 (Mon) - April 8, 2016 (Fri)  KAIST Natural Science Building (E6-2), RM #4314  Dr. Fritz Caspers (CERN)  Radio frequency engineering
103 April 4 (Thu.), 16:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Prof. Su-Hyun Gong  Chiral spin-photon interaction at nanoscale file
102 April 26 (Tue), 4PM  #1323(1st Floor. E6-2)  Dr. Myung-Ho Bae, Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science  Transport spectroscopy for electronic bands in carbon-based nanomaterials with weak-bond contacts
101 April 26 (Fri.), 4:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Dr. Soonwon Choi  Robust Quantum Metrology using Strongly Interacting Spin Ensembles and Quantum Convolutional Neural Network file
100 April 23 (Tue.), 4:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Prof. Johan Chang  From Mott physics to high-temperature superconductivity file
99 April 13 (Fri.), 10am  #1323 (E6-2, 1st fl.)  Dr. Sungkun Hong  Quantum meets Mechanics: from Quantum Information to Fundamental Research file