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장소 E6-2. 1st fl. #1323 
일시 Apr. 28 (Fri.), 02:30 PM 
연사 Dr. JeongYoung Park Graduate School of EEWS, KAIST 

 

Hot electron generation at surfaces and its impact to catalysis and renewable energy conversion

 

Dr. JeongYoung Park

Graduate School of EEWS, KAIST

Apr. 28 (Fri.), 02:30 PM

E6-2. 1st fl. #1323

 

 

Abstract: 

A pulse of high kinetic energy electrons (1–3 eV) in metals can be generated after surface exposure to external energy, such as the absorption of light or exothermic chemical processes. These energetic electrons are not at thermal equilibrium with the metal atoms and are called ‘‘hot electrons’’. The detection of hot electrons and understanding the correlation between hot electron generation and surface phenomena are challenging questions in the surface science and catalysis community. Hot electron flow generated on a gold thin film by photon absorption (or internal photoemission) appears to be correlated with localized surface plasmon resonance. 

In this talk, I will show strategy to quantify the non-adiabatic energy transfer and detect hot electron flux during the elementary steps of the energy conversion process and catalytic reaction processes occurring at both of solid-gas and solid-liquid interfaces. To detect and utilize the hot electron flows, the nanodiodes consisting of metal catalyst film, semiconductor layers, and Ohmic contact pads were constructed It was shown that the chemicurrent or hot electron flows were well correlated with the turnover rate of CO oxidation or hydrogen oxidation separately measured by gas chromatography, suggesting the intrinsic relation between catalytic reaction and hot electron generation. We show a novel scheme of graphene catalytic nanodiode composed of a Pt NPs array on graphene/TiO2 Schottky nanodiode, which allows detection of hot electron flows induced by hydrogen oxidation on Pt NPs. By analyzing the correlation between the turnover rate (catalytic activity) and hot electron current (chemicurrent) measured on the graphene catalytic nanodiodes, we demonstrate that the catalytic nanodiodes utilizing a single graphene layer for electrical connection of Pt NPs are beneficial for the detection of hot electrons due to not only atomically thin nature of graphene but also reducing the height of the potential barrier existing at the Pt NPs/graphene interface. I will show that hot electron flow generated on a gold thin film by photon absorption (or internal photoemission) is amplified by localized surface plasmon resonance. Finally, The effect of surface plasmons on the catalytic and photocatalytic activity on metal–oxide hybrid nanocatalysts is also highlighted. These phenomena imply the efficient energy conversion from the photon energy to the chemical energy, with the potential application of hot electron-based photocatalytic devices.

 

 

 

번호 일시 장소 연사 제목
공지 2019/09/18 - 12/5  Seminar Room #1323  Prof. David Schuster and etc.  Fall 2019: Physics Seminar Serises
공지 2019/09/02 - 12/09  Seminar Room 1501  이호성 박사 (한국표준과학연구원) and etc.  Fall 2019: Physics Colloquium
150 Jul 3rd, 2019 (Wed)  E6-2, 2501  Kyung Soo Choi  Many-body quantum electrodynamis (QED) with atoms and photons: A new platform for quantum optics" file
149 Jul. 07 (Thu.) 2PM  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. Eun Ah Kim, CORNELL UNIV.  Let there be topological superconductors
148 Jul. 08 (Fri.) 11:00 AM  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. Michael Lawler(Binghampton Univ. / Cornell Univ.)  Isostatic magnetism
147 Jul. 08 (Fri.) 2PM  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. Junhyun Lee, Harvard University  Electronic quasiparticles in the quantum dimer model
146 Jul. 28 (Thu.) 4PM  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Prof. Johannes Pollanen, Jerry Cowen Chair of Experimental Physics at Michigan State University  Low Dimensional Electrons: On the Road to Hybrid Quantum Systems
145 July 10 (Wed.), 04:00 PM-  Academic Cltural Complex (E9) 5층 스카이라운지  Prof. Sidney Nagel/Young-Kee Kim  Public Lectures file
144 July 13, 2018 at 14:00  Room 5318, KAIST Natural Sciences Lecture Hall(E6).  Prof. Ian Lewis (The University of Kansas, Department of Physics & Astronomy)  Loop Induced Single Top Partner Production and Decay at the LHC
143 July 2. 2018 (Monday) 3:00 PM  Seminar Room (C303), Creation Hall (3F), KAIST Munji Campus  Dr. Peter Winter (Argonne National Laboratory)  High Precision Magnetic Field Measurement for the Muon g-2 Experiment file
142 July 21 - August 2  E6-2,# 5318  Junmou Chen/Thomas Flacke/Kaoru Hagiwara/Junichi Kanzaki/Chris Kelso/Jeong Han Kim/Kyoungchul Kong/Gabriel Lee/Hye-Sung Lee/Ian Lewis  Challenges and Opportunities in Theoretical Particle Physics 2019 file
141 July 25(Thur.),4:00PM  E6-2, #1323  Prof.Bohm-Jung Yang  Band topology of twisted bilayer graphene file
140 July 26, 2018 at 14:00  Room 5318, KAIST Natural Sciences Lecture Hall(E6).  Manki Kim (Department of Physics, Cornell University)  Inflation in String Theory and Backreaction file
139 July 27, 2018 at 15:00  Room 5318, KAIST Natural Sciences Lecture Hall(E6).  Dr. Hyejung Kim(Technische University Dresden)  Muon g-2 in the 2HDM and MSSM: comprehensive numerical analysis and absolute maxima file
138 July 30 (Tue), 4:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Dr. Mingu Kang  Dirac fermions and flat bands in correlated kagome metals file
137 July 31(Wed.)/ 16:00  E6-2, #1323  Dr. Ivan Borzenets  Features of ballistic superconducting graphene file
136 July 8(Mon), 14:00  E6, #1322  T. L. M. Guedes (Univ. of Konstanz)  Ultrabroadband squeezed pulses and their relation to relativity file
135 July 9 (Mon.), 14:00 PM  #1323, E6-2  Prof. Cesar A. Hidalgo, MediaLab, MIT  The principles of collective learning file
134 July. 14 (Fri.), 3:00 PM  #1323 (E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. Jun Hyun Lee / University of Maryland  Chiral anomaly in disordered Weyl semimetals file
133 Jun 1 (Wed) 4 PM  #1323(E6-2 1st fl.)  Kil-Byoung Chai, Caltech  Laboratory experiments relevant to mesospheric clouds, Saturn’s rings & astrophysical jets
132 Jun 24 (Mon) 11:00  E6-2, #1323  Dr. Henning Schomerus  Topological photonic anomalies file
131 Jun 28, 14:00  E6-2, #1322  Dr. Bongjae Kim, Dr. Sooran Kim, Dr. Jeongwoon Hwang  1st Research-exchange meeting of computational material physics file