visual
visual

세미나

  • HOME
  • >
  • 소식
  • >
  • 세미나
장소 #5318(5th fl.) 
일시 Nov. 18th (Fri) 10:30 a.m. 
연사 Dr. 최 순 원, Havard University 

Non-equilibrium many-body spin dynamics in diamond

 

Dr. 원, Havard University

Nov. 18th (Fri) 10:30 a.m., #5318(5th fl.)

 

 

Abstract:

In this talk, we will discuss two recent developments in non-equilibrium quantum dynamics of strongly interacting many-body systems: I. critically slow thermalization in a disordered dipolar spin ensemble [1] and II. the observation of discrete time crystalline order [2]. Both of these experiments were enabled by a high density ensemble of nitrogen-vacancy (NV) color centers in diamond [3]. As a mixture of theory and experiments, the talk will be self-contained and pedagogical, reviewing some of basic concepts in many-body localization, Floquet time-crystal, spin properties of NV centers and experimental techniques to manipulate and engineer the dynamics.

Part I:

Statistical mechanics underlies our understanding of macroscopic quantum systems. It is based on the assumption that out-of-equilibrium systems rapidly approach their equilibrium states, forgetting any information about their microscopic initial conditions. This fundamental paradigm is challenged by disordered systems, in which a slowdown or even absence of thermalization is expected. By controlling the spin states of the ~10^6 NV centers, we observe slow, sub-exponential thermalization consistent with power laws that exhibit disorder-dependent exponents; this behavior is modified at late times owing to many-body interactions. These observations are quantitatively explained by a resonance counting theory that incorporates the effects of both disorder and interactions

Part II:

The interplay of periodic driving, disorder, and strong interactions has recently been predicted to result in exotic ``time-crystalline'' phases, which spontaneously break the discrete time-translation symmetry of the underlying drive. We report the experimental observation of such discrete time-crystalline order and the observation of long-lived temporal correlations at integer multiples of the fundamental driving period. We experimentally identify the phase boundary and find that the temporal order is protected by strong interactions; this order is remarkably stable against perturbations, even in the presence of slow thermalization. We provide a theoretical description of approximate Floquet eigenstates of the system based on product state ansatz and predict the phase boundary, which is in qualitative agreement with our observations.

 

[1] G. Kucsko et al, arXiv:1609.08216

[2] S. Choi et al, arXiv:1610.08057

[3] J. Choi et al, arXiv:1608.05471

 

Contact: Eun-Gook Moon, Physics Dept., (egmoon@kaist.ac.kr)

 

번호 일시 장소 연사 제목
공지 2019/09/18 - 12/5  Seminar Room #1323  Prof. David Schuster and etc.  Fall 2019: Physics Seminar Serises
공지 2019/09/02 - 12/09  Seminar Room 1501  이호성 박사 (한국표준과학연구원) and etc.  Fall 2019: Physics Colloquium
170 April 6, 2016 (Wed), 3:30 PM  E6-2, RM #1323  Dr. Andrei Matlashov (Los Alamos National Laboratory)  Superconducting Quantum Interference Devices for Precision Detection
169 Dec. 15 (Fri.), 9:20 AM  E6-2, Lecture Room #1323  Prof. Jhinhwan Lee 외 9명  Workshop on Magnetism in Unconventional Superconductors 개최 file
168 2015/10/15, 10AM  E6-2, 5th fl. #5318  Dr. Mark D. Bird (Florida State University)  Development of Large-Bore, High Field Magnets at the NHMFL
167 2015/10/16, 3PM  E6-2, 5th fl. #5318  Dr. Pierre Pugnat , (CNRS-LNCMI)  High Magnetic Fields to Probe the sub-eV range of Particle/Astroparticle Physics - From the OSQAR experiments at CERN up to new perspectives at LNCMI-Grenoble
166 June 14 (THU), 10:00 AM  E6-2, 2nd fl. #2502  Prof. Kenji Toyoda  Phonons and polariton-like particles in trapped ions for quantum computation and quantum simulation file
165 Jul 3rd, 2019 (Wed)  E6-2, 2501  Kyung Soo Choi  Many-body quantum electrodynamis (QED) with atoms and photons: A new platform for quantum optics" file
164 2016/03/11-06/09  E6-2, 1501 외  박권(KAIS) 외  Physics Seminar Serises : 2016 Spring file
163 2015/07/16-07/17  E6-2, 1501  Sang-Wook Cheong (Rutgers Univ.)  KAIST Physics Distinguished Lecture
162 2015/07/16, 4PM  E6-2, 1318  Dr. Kyunghan Hong(MIT)  Next-generation ultrafast laser technology for nonlinear optics and strong-field physics
161 2015/10/23, 3PM  E6-2, #5318  Dr. Helmut Soltner (Forschungszentrum Juelich)  Development of a Rogowski Coil as a new beam position monitor
160 2015/11/06, 4:30 PM  E6-2, #5318  Dr. Youngkuk Kim (University of Pennsylvania)  Topological Dirac line nodes in centrosymmetric semimetals
159 2015/08/03,10:30AM  E6-2, #1323 (Seminar Room)  Dr. Jonghee Yoo (Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, USA )  Axion Search
158 2015/11/10, 4PM  E6-2, #1323  Dr. Woosuk Bang (Physics division, Los Alamos National Laboratory)  Rapid heating of matter using high power lasers
157 2015/11/19, 4PM  E6-2, #1323  Dr. Daesu Lee (University of Wisconsin-Madison)  Emergent Collective Phenomena and Functions at Reduced Dimensions
156 2015/12/09, 2PM  E6-2, #1323  Arjun G. Yodh (University of Pennsylvania)  SWELLABLE COLLOIDAL PARTICLES ARE SWELL
155 2015/12/02, 4PM  E6-2, #1323  Dr. Dae-Jeong Kim (Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Irvine)  Samarium Hexaboride: Is it a Topological insulator?
154 2015/12/03, 4PM  E6-2, #1323  Dr. Sang-Yun Lee (3rd institute of Physics, University of Stuttgart, Germany)  Hybrid solid state spin qubits in wide bandgap semiconductors
153 2015/11/24, 4PM  E6-2, #1323  Dr. Kab-Jin Kim (Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto University, Japan)  Topology-based understanding of spin dynamics in inhomogeneously magnetized systems
152 2015/11/23, 1:30PM  E6-2, #1323  Dr. Michael Park (Stanford University)  What's Beyond the Standard Model? Lessons from Run I and what might come in Run II
151 2015/11/28, 10AM  E6-2, #1323  Dr. Suyong Jung (Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science)  Electron Tunneling Spectroscopy of Single and Bilayer Graphene with Hexagonal Boron Nitride as Tunneling Barrier