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장소 #1323(E6-2 1st fl.) 
일시 Jun 1 (Wed) 4 PM 
연사 Kil-Byoung Chai, Caltech 

Laboratory experiments relevant to mesospheric clouds, Saturn’s rings & astrophysical jets

 

Jun 1 (Wed) 4 PM, #1323(E6-2 1st fl.)
Kil-Byoung Chai, Caltech

 

An rf discharge with liquid nitrogen cooled electrodes and injected water vapor has been used to study nucleation, growth, and dynamics of water-ice grains spontaneously formed in a plasma environment. Examples of water-ice dusty plasmas include polar mesospheric clouds, Saturn’s diffusive rings, and protoplanetary disks. We found that fast grain growth to nonspherical shape with up to 5:1 elongation occurs when the water molecule mean free path exceeds the ice grain screening length. Ice grains grow largest in light gas plasmas, up to 500 µm long in hydrogen plasma. Elongated ice grains align along the plasma ambipolar electric field. Microscope images reveal that the ice grains have fractal nature with 1.7 typical fractal dimension. After the growth process ends, poloidal vortex motion of ice grains is observed and is shown to result from the non-conservative ion drag force.

The Caltech jet experiment produces low beta, high Lundquist number, high density (~1022 m-3) MHD-driven plasma jets and so is similar to astrophysical jets and solar corona loops. We have recently studied various phenomena associated with magnetic reconnection induced by a kink-driven Rayleigh-Taylor instability using comprehensive diagnostics. The results of this study include the following: A spatially localized EUV burst is imaged at the presumed position of fast magnetic reconnection in a plasma jet; the existence of this localized EUV burst indicates strong localized electron heating. Circularly polarized high frequency whistler waves are simultaneously observed indicating that Hall dynamics likely governs the reconnection. Spectroscopic measurement shows simultaneous fast ion heating. We propose that the electron heating is consistent with Ohmic dissipation while the ion heating is consistent with ion trajectories becoming stochastic.

 

번호 일시 장소 연사 제목
공지 2019/09/18 - 12/5  Seminar Room #1323  Prof. David Schuster and etc.  Fall 2019: Physics Seminar Serises
공지 2019/09/02 - 12/09  Seminar Room 1501  이호성 박사 (한국표준과학연구원) and etc.  Fall 2019: Physics Colloquium
106 Nov. 11th(Fri), 1:30 p.m.  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. Keun Su Kim, POSTECH  Bandgap Engineering of Black Phosphorus
105 Nov. 04 (Fri), 3:00 PM  E6-2. #1323(1st fl.)  Dr. Dohun Kim, Department of Physics and Astronomy, SNU  Quantum information experiments using few electron spins in semiconductors
104 Nov. 04 (Fri), 1:30 PM  E6-2. #1323(1st fl.)  Dr. Jonghyun Song, Department of Physics, Chungnam National University  Exotic phenomena at oxide LaAlO3/SrTiO3 hetero-interface and their applications
103 Nov. 1st (Tue), 10:30AM  #1323(E6-2 1st fl.)  Dr. Gadi Eisenstein, Technion  Time scale dependent dynamics in InAs/InP quantum dot gain media
102 Oct. 27th(Thu) 4PM  #1323(E6-2)  Dr. 이 강 희, KAIST, Mechnical Engineering  Terahertz Metal Optics
101 Nov. 1 (Tue.) 2:30 pm  Seminar Room #1323(E6-2)  Prof. Youngjoon Kwon, Yonsei Univ.  Search for dark sector particles in the B-factory experiments
100 Oct. 17th (Mon) 11:00 AM  #1323,(E6-2, 1st fl.)  Nguyen Quang Liem, Institute of Materials Science, VAST, Viettnam  IMS and examples of the studies on optoelectronic materials
99 Oct. 18 (Tue.), 3PM  E6-2. 1st fl. #1323  Dr. JunHo Suh, Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science  “Hybrid quantum systems with mechanical oscillators”
98 Oct. 18 (Tue.), 1:30 PM  1st fl. #1323(E6-2)  Dr. Chan-Ho Yang, Department of Physics, KAIST  "Visualization of oxygen vacancy in motion and the interplay with electronic conduction"
97 Oct. 07 (Fri), 4:00 PM  E6-2. #1323(1st fl.)  Dr. Choong Hyun Kim,IBS-CCES, Seoul National University  “Tilt engineering of 4d and 5d transition metal oxides?”
96 Oct. 07 (Fri), 1:30 PM  E6-2. #1323(1st fl.)  Dr. Suk Bum Chung, IBS-CCES , Seoul National University  “Symmetry and topology in transition metal dichalcogenide?”
95 2016/09/29-12/13  E6-2, #1323  Sangyoon Han 외  2016 Fall, Physics Seminar Serises file
94 Sep. 29th(Thu), 4PM  E6-2 #1323 (1st floor)  Dr. Sangyoon Han, Department of Physics, KAIST  Large-scale Silicon Photonic MEMS Switches
93 Sep. 29 (Thu), 4:00 PM  E6-2. #2501(2nd fl.)  Dr. Minu Kim, Institute for Basic Science, Seoul National University  Exploring the phase diagram of BaBiO3: epic voyage of just another bad trip?
92 Sep. 22, 2016(Thu), 3:30 PM  #1323(E6-2, 1st fl.)  Dr. Haiyang Yan (Institute of Nuclear Physics and Chemistry)  Polarized 3He, Polarized Neutrons and New Interactions beyond the Standard Model
91 4pm, Sep. 21 (Wed.  E6-2. #2502(2nd fl.)  Dr. Henrik Johannesson , University of Gothenburg (Sweden) and Beijing Computational Science Research Center (China)  Entanglement probe of two-impurity Kondo physics
90 Sep. 22, 2016(Thu), 3:30 PM  #1323(E6-2, 1st fl.)  Dr. Haiyang Yan (Institute of Nuclear Physics and Chemistry)  Polarized 3He, Polarized Neutrons and New Interactions beyond the Standard Model
89 2016/09/05-12/12 4PM  Natual Scien Bldg.(E6)m #1501  Yeong Kwan Kim 외  Physics Colloquium : 2016 Fall file
88 Sep. 02(Fri) 4:00 PM  E6-2(1st fl) #1323  Dr. Yong-Joo Doh, Department of Physics and Photon Science, GIST  Quantum Electrical Transport in Topological Insulator Nanowires
87 Sep. 02(Fri) 2:30 PM  E6-2(1st fl.), #1323  Dr. Yong-Hyun Kim,Graduate School of Nanoscience and Technology, KAIST  Nanoscale Thermal Physics: Seebeck Effect and Nanoscale Friction