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장소 #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.) 
일시 Feb. 1 (Wed.), 2p.m. 
연사 Dr. Michihisa Yamamoto, Department of Applied Physics, The University of Tokyo 

Quantum electron optics using flying electrons

 

Dr. Michihisa Yamamoto, Department of Applied Physics, The University of Tokyo

Feb. 1 (Wed.), 2p.m.  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)

 

Abstract: Quantum electron optics is a field in which one manipulates quantum states of propagating electrons. Combined with technologies for confining and manipulating single electrons, it allows us to investigate the scattering and interference of electrons in a unit of a single electron. The necessary elements of quantum electron optics experiments include single electron beam splitter, phase shifter, Coulomb coupler, single electron source and detector, spin-orbit path and electron-pair splitter.

In this talk, we present development of some of these elements. The beam splitter and phase shifter are implemented in our original two-path interferometer [1-3]. This interferometer has been shown to be the only reliable system for the measurement of the transmission phase shift of electrons [4,5]. To suppress decoherence induced by the electron-electron interaction and enhance the interference visibility, we recently developed a two-path interferometer of depleted channels, where single electrons are injected by means of surface acoustic waves (SAWs). We also confirmed that a single electron in a static quantum dot (single electron source) can be adiabatically transferred into a SAW-driven moving quantum dot [6], a necessary ingredient for achieving the high interference visibility of a single flying electron.

Quantum electron optics also targets the manipulation of spins of flying single electrons. We found that the spin information of one or two electrons can be transferred between distant quantum dots, which work as the single electron source and detector, with the fidelity limited only by the spin flips prior to the spin transfer [7,8]. We also realized an electron-pair splitter that can be used to split spin-entangled electrons in a moving dot into different moving dots. Combined with single spin manipulation using the spin-orbit interaction (spin-orbit path) [9], this splitter should allow for Bell measurement of electron spins.

This work is in collaboration with S. Takada (now at Institut Neel), R. Ito and K. Watanabe at the University of Tokyo, B. Bertrand, S. Hermelin, T. Meunier, and C. Bäuerle at Institut Neel, and A. Ludwig and A. D. Wieck at Ruhr-Universität Bochum.

 

[1] M. Yamamoto et al., Nature Nano. 7, 247 (2012)..

[2] A. Aharony et al., New J. Phys. 16, 083015 (2014).

[3] T. Bautze et al., Phys. Rev. B 89, 125432 (2014).

[4] S. Takada et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 126601 (2014).

[5] S. Takada et al., Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 063101 (2015).

[6] B. Bertrand et al., Nanotechnology 27, 204001 (2016).

[7] S. Hermelin et al., Nature 477, 435 (2011).

[8] B. Bertrand et al., Nature Nano. 11, 672 (2016).

[9] H. Sanada et al., Nature Phys. 9, 280 (2013).

 

Contact: SunYoung Choi, (sunyoungchoi@kaist.ac.kr)

 

 

Center for Quantum Coherence in Condensed Matter, KAIST

번호 일시 장소 연사 제목
공지 2017/03/06 - 05/29  Seminar Room 1501  이종봉 박사 (POSTECH) 외  Spring 2017: Physics Colloquium
공지 2017/03/21 - 06/08  Seminar Room 1323  조길영 박사(KAIST) 외  Spring 2017: Physics Seminar Serises
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131 July. 14 (Fri.), 3:00 PM  #1323 (E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. Jun Hyun Lee / University of Maryland  Chiral anomaly in disordered Weyl semimetals file
130 #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Jul. 10th (Mon), 4pm  Dr. Duk Young Kim Los Alamos National Laboratory  “Intertwined Orders in a Heavy-fermion metal” file
129 Jun. 2 (Fri.), 02:30 PM  E6-2. 1st fl. #1323  Dr. Euyheon Hwang(황의헌)  Quasiparticle Interference and Fourier transform scanning tunneling spectroscopy in WTe2 (Weyl semimetal) file
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127 May. 12 (Fri.), 01:30 PM  E6-2. 1st fl. #1323  Dr. Young Kuk Kim  Topological Dirac insulator
126 Apr. 27, 2017 (Thu) 4:00 pm  Seminar Room(#1323, E6-2)  Prof.Donghan Lee (Chungnam National Univ.)  반도체 양자점을 이용한 단광자 광원
125 Apr. 28 (Fri.), 04:00 PM  #1323 (E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. Minkyung Jung Research Institute, DGIST  Carbon nanotubes coupled to superconducting impedance matching circuits
124 Apr. 28 (Fri.), 02:30 PM  E6-2. 1st fl. #1323  Dr. JeongYoung Park Graduate School of EEWS, KAIST  Hot electron generation at surfaces and its impact to catalysis and renewable energy conversion
123 April 6, 2017 (Thu), 4:00 pm  IBS CAPP seminar room, Creation Hall (3F), KAIST Munji Campus  Prof. Youngjoon Kwon (Yonsei University)  For whom the Belle tolls
122 April 5th 2017, 12:00 ~ 13:00  Room 101, Creative Learning Bldg.(E11)  Prof. Wonho Choe(Dept. of Physics),Prof. Young-chul GHIM(Dept. of Nuclear & Quantum Engineering)  2017년 4월 첫수 융합포럼 개최 안내(물리학과 & 원자력 및 양자공학과 공동 개최)/The First Wednesday Multidisciplinary Forum in April 2017 organized by Dept. of Physics & Dept. of Nuclear & Quantum Engineering file
121 Mar. 24 (Fri.), 4:00 PM  #1323 (1st fl. E6-2)  Dr. SangWook Lee  Graphene based nano electronics and nano electromechanics; focusing on precise control of nano structures for studying accurate physical properties
120 Mar. 24 (Fri.), 2:30 PM  #1323 (1st fl. E6-2).  Dr. MahnSoo Choi  Topological Dynamics
119 Mar. 2nd (Thu), 4:00 p.m  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. Jonathan Denlinger, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab  “Progress in the comparison of ARPES to DMFT for d and f strongly correlated electron systems”
» Feb. 1 (Wed.), 2p.m.  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. Michihisa Yamamoto, Department of Applied Physics, The University of Tokyo  Quantum electron optics using flying electrons
117 2017.1.9(Mon), 4PM  Lecture Hall, College of Natural Sciences [#1501,E6-2]  Prof. John Michael Kosterlitz, Brown University  Topological Defects and Phase Transitions" file
116 Dec. 12th (Mon)  1:30p.m. #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dongjoon Song , AIST  “Possible symmetry in the phase diagrams of electron- & hole-doped cuprate high-Tc superconductors”
115 Dec. 9(Fri), 1:30 p.m.  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. Jae Yoon Cho, POSTECH  Entanglement area law in strongly-correlated systems