Physics
visual01

세미나

  • 메인
  • >
  • 소식
  • >
  • 세미나
장소 E6-2. 1st fl. #1323 
일시 Oct. 18 (Tue.), 3PM 
연사 Dr. JunHo Suh, Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science 

“Hybrid quantum systems with mechanical oscillators”

 

Dr. JunHo Suh, Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science
Oct. 18 (Tue.), 3PM, E6-2. 1st fl. #1323

 

Abstract:

Quantum machines are actively pursued to harness quantum coherence and entanglement as new resources for information processing and precision sensing. Among those activities, hybrid quantum systems are recognized as a promising platform for building multi-functional quantum machines by connecting quantum states in different physical domains, and mechanical oscillators are accepted as important components in the quantum hybrids[1]. In this talk, I review recent examples of hybrid quantum systems involving mechanical oscillators strongly coupled to electrons and photons. In the first part, a quantum electro-mechanical system is introduced. A cooper-pair box qubit is electrostatically coupled to a nanomechanical oscillator. A dispersive measurement of qubit states is achievable through high-quality read-out of nanomechanical motion, which also maintains qubit coherence proved via microwave spectroscopy and Landau-Zener interference. In the second part, mechanical oscillators coupled to microwave photons, or "quantum opto-mechanical systems", are described, where radiation pressure mediates the interaction between photons and the mechanical oscillator.  Photons act as a probe for mechanical motion in this case, and a fundamental limit in measurement sensitivity arises due to Heisenberg's uncertainty principle, as known as quantum standard limit(SQL). By carefully measuring mechanical motion in quadratures, we identify the fundamental back-action from photons which mandates SQL, and also demonstrate a novel scheme known as quantum non-demolition measurement (QND) which allows a precise measurement without back-action in one quadrature of motion[3]. When the coupling between the microwave photons and mechanical motion is strong enough, the back-action from photons start modifying quantum noise in mechanical oscillators and produced mechanical quantum squeezed states[4,5]. Finally, it is expected that one could approach ultra-strong coupling regime as photon-mechanical oscillator coupling strength increases, where single photon coupled to mechanical motion dominates the hybrid system. Mechanical states in the ultra-strong coupling limit deviate from well-known number states which could open a new paradigm for controlling mechanical quantum states[6]. A quantum dot system embedded in a nanowire is proposed to be a candidate to reach this interesting regime, and our recent progress toward this direction is dissussed.

 

[1] Kurizki et.al., PNAS 112, 3866-3873 (2015).
[2] LaHaye et.al., Nature 459, 960-964 (2009).
[3] Suh et.al., Science 344, 1262-1265 (2014).
[4] Wollman et.al., Science 349, 952-955 (2015).
[5] Lei et.al., PRL 117, 100801 (2016).
[6] Nation et.al., PRA 93, 022510 (2016).

 

Contact: SunYoung Choi, (sunyoungchoi@kaist.ac.kr)
Center for Quantum Coherence in Condensed Matter, KAIST

번호 일시 장소 연사 제목
공지 2016/09/29-12/13  E6-2, #1323  Sangyoon Han 외  2016 Fall, Physics Seminar Serises
공지 2016/09/05-12/12 4PM  Natual Scien Bldg.(E6)m #1501  Yeong Kwan Kim 외  Physics Colloquium : 2016 Fall
118 Feb. 1 (Wed.), 2p.m.  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. Michihisa Yamamoto, Department of Applied Physics, The University of Tokyo  Quantum electron optics using flying electrons
117 2017.1.9(Mon), 4PM  Lecture Hall, College of Natural Sciences [#1501,E6-2]  Prof. John Michael Kosterlitz, Brown University  Topological Defects and Phase Transitions" file
116 Dec. 12th (Mon)  1:30p.m. #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dongjoon Song , AIST  “Possible symmetry in the phase diagrams of electron- & hole-doped cuprate high-Tc superconductors”
115 Dec. 9(Fri), 1:30 p.m.  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. Jae Yoon Cho, POSTECH  Entanglement area law in strongly-correlated systems
114 Dec. 9(Fri), 4p.m.  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.  Dr. Kun Woo Kim, KIAS  Shift Charge and Spin Photocurrents in Dirac Surface States of Topological Insulator
113 Dec. 8(Thu) 4p.m.  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. Jinhyoung Lee, Hanyang University  Dynamical Resonance between Two Optical Cavities via Optomechanical Oscillator
112 Nov. 29(Tue) 4p.m.  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. SungBin Lee, KAIST  Symmetry Protected Kondo Metals and Their Phase Transitions
111 Nov. 24(Thu) 4p.m.  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. Jai-Min Choi, Chonbuk National Univiersity  Harmonic oscillator physics with single atoms in a state-selective optical potential
110 Nov. 18th (Fri) 10:30 a.m.  #5318(5th fl.)  Dr. 최 순 원, Havard University  Non-equilibrium many-body spin dynamics in diamond
109 Nov. 16 (Wed), 4p.m.  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. Heung-Sik Kim , University of Toronto  Realizing Haldane Model in Fe-based Honeycomb Ferromagnetic Insulators
108 Nov. 10th(Thu) 4 p.m.  E6-2. #1323(1st fl.)  Prof. Min Seok Jang, Electrical Engineering, KAIST  Low Dimensional Active Plasmonics and Electron Optics in Graphene
107 Nov. 11th (Fri), 4 p.m.  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. Bohm-Jung Yang, SNU  Dirac fermions in condensed matters
106 Nov. 11th(Fri), 1:30 p.m.  #1323(E6-2. 1st fl.)  Dr. Keun Su Kim, POSTECH  Bandgap Engineering of Black Phosphorus
105 Nov. 04 (Fri), 3:00 PM  E6-2. #1323(1st fl.)  Dr. Dohun Kim, Department of Physics and Astronomy, SNU  Quantum information experiments using few electron spins in semiconductors
104 Nov. 04 (Fri), 1:30 PM  E6-2. #1323(1st fl.)  Dr. Jonghyun Song, Department of Physics, Chungnam National University  Exotic phenomena at oxide LaAlO3/SrTiO3 hetero-interface and their applications
103 Nov. 1st (Tue), 10:30AM  #1323(E6-2 1st fl.)  Dr. Gadi Eisenstein, Technion  Time scale dependent dynamics in InAs/InP quantum dot gain media
102 Oct. 27th(Thu) 4PM  #1323(E6-2)  Dr. 이 강 희, KAIST, Mechnical Engineering  Terahertz Metal Optics
101 Nov. 1 (Tue.) 2:30 pm  Seminar Room #1323(E6-2)  Prof. Youngjoon Kwon, Yonsei Univ.  Search for dark sector particles in the B-factory experiments
100 Oct. 17th (Mon) 11:00 AM  #1323,(E6-2, 1st fl.)  Nguyen Quang Liem, Institute of Materials Science, VAST, Viettnam  IMS and examples of the studies on optoelectronic materials
» Oct. 18 (Tue.), 3PM  E6-2. 1st fl. #1323  Dr. JunHo Suh, Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science  “Hybrid quantum systems with mechanical oscillators”